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Present Simple of the verb TO BE

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1 Present Simple of the verb TO BE
Affirmative Negative Interrogative I am late for work. I am not late for work. (I’m not) Am I late for work? You are a student. You are not a student. (aren’t) Are you a student? He is Italian. (he/she/it) He is not Italian. (isn’t) Is she Italian? We are teachers. We are not teachers. (aren’t) Are we teachers? You are employees. You are not employees. (aren’t) Are you employees? They are on holiday. They are not on holiday.(aren’t) Are they on holiday?

2 Present Simple All the other verbs use ‘do’ or ‘does’ to form negative and affirmative sentences.
Interrogative I have a degree. I do not have a degree. (don’t) Do I have a degree? You live in Turin. You do not live in Turin. (don’t) Do you live in Turin? He/she/it likes Maths. He does not like Maths. (doesn’t) Does she like Maths? We study at SAA. We do not study at SAA. (don’t) Do we study at SAA? You work for IBM. You do not work for IBM. (don’t) Do work for IBM? They arrive at 9:00. They do not srrive at 9:00. (don’t) Do they arrive at 9:00?

3 Present Simple Have got
Affirmative Negative Interrogative I have got a car. (I’ve got) I have not got a car. (I haven’t got) Have I got a car? You have got a job.(You’ve got) You have not got a job. (haven’t got) Have you got a job? She/he/it has got a bike. (She’s got) He has not got a bike. (hasn’t got) Has he got a bike? We have got money.(we’ve got) We have not got money. (haven’t got) Have we got money? You have got time. (you’ve got) You have not got time. (haven’t got) Have you got time? They have got a laptop. (they’ve got) They have not got a laptop. (haven’t got) Have they got a laptop?

4 Be careful of spelling changes in third person singular!
Remember to add ‘s’: she works/ FIAT employs For to do and to go add ‘es’: She goes to school/ He does his homework. If the verb ends in ‘y’ like study, try, fly, eliminate the y and add ies: He studies economy. Alitalia flies to Rome. Be careful!!! Not all verbs ending in y are changed to ies. For example: play and stay She plays tennis. He stays at work late on Monday evenings. WHY is that???

5 Exercise: Fill the gaps with the correct form of the verb in the present
simple (positive, negative, question) e.g. Do you drink (drink) Coca-Cola? 1. I not (be) your boss, I (be) your colleague. 2. you (live) in London? 3. We (want) to speak to the manager. 4. She (work) for Coca-Cola. 5. he (drive) a BMW? 6. They (not work) on Sunday. That (be) when they rest. 7. you (think) Coca-Cola is a good business? Write sentences in Simple Present. I / be / fluent in English Judy Garner / work / in purchasing she / be / from Australia our company / supply / technical products we / not / work / on Saturdays they / not / sell / computers Mr Martin / not / speak English what / you / do what languages / he / speak

6 Check your answers I’m not your boss, I am your colleague.
Do you live in London? We want to speak to the manager. She works for Coca Cola. Does he drive a BMW? They don’t work on Sunday. That is when they rest. Do you think Coca Cola is a good business? I am fluent in English. Judy Garner works in purchasing. She is from Australia. Our company supplies technical products. We don’t work on Saturdays. They don’t sell computers. Mr. Martin doesn’t speak English. What do you do? What languages does he speak?

7 How often do you….? Write down the following questions:
How often do you arrive late for school? How often do you study English? How often do you get up before 7:00 am? How often do you read the newspaper? How often do you go abroad?

8 Ask 2 of your classmates the questions. Then write down their answers.
For example: Me: John, How often do you arrive late for school? John: Never. I write: John never arrives late for school.

9 Question Words What ?………………………. Cosa? Where? ……………………..Dove?
When? ……………………… Quando? Why? …………………………. Perché? Who? …………………………. Chi? How? ………………………… .. Come? How much? …………….... Quanto? How many? Quanti?

10 Making questions Use the following acronym to make questions in the present simple: QASI Q = Question word, for example what, when, where A = Auxiliary, do or does. S = Subject, for example you, Mr. Smith, the class I = Infinitive, the verb in base form (no final ‘s’) What do you do in your free time? Where do you work? When does the class start? How much does this car cost?

11 Using question words make as many questions as you can using the following question words and verbs
Study Live Play Work Do Go Have Read Like Be Cost what where why when how many how much

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