LIKE THEY LIKE SURFING. DON’T THEY DON’T LIKE SURFING. DO DO THEY LIKE SURFING? DO YES, THEY DO. DON’T NO, THEY DON’T. PLAYS SHE OFTEN PLAYS GOLF. DOESN’TPLAY SHE DOESN’T OFTEN PLAY GOLF. DOESPLAY DOES SHE OFTEN PLAY GOLF? DOES YES, SHE DOES. DOESN’T. NO, SHE DOESN’T. LIKE+ GERUND (V-ING) ALSO: HATE, ENJOY, DISLIKE, PREFER... OFTEN = FREQUENCY ADVERB S+ADV+VERB S+TO BE +ADV ALSO: NEVER, HARDLY EVER, SOMETIMES....
PRESENT PROGRESSIVE STRUCTURE A- SUBJECT + +VERB (GERUND)+ COMP N- SUBJECT + +VERB (GERUND) + COMP I- + SUBJECT+ VERB (GERUND) + COMP ? SHORT ANSWER – YES, SUBJECT (PN)+ – NO, SUBJECT (PN)+ TO BE + NOT -ING TO BE TO BE + NOT -ING AM ARE IS ‘M NOT AREN’T ISN’T AM ARE IS AM/ ARE/IS ‘M NOT/ AREN’T/ ISN’T
PRESENT SIMPLE –I speak English. –I DON’T speak English. –DO you speak English? Yes, I DO. No, I DON’T. PRESENT SIMPLE 3rd P. SING –She speakS French. –She DOESN’T speak( S ) French. –DOES she speak( S ) French? Yes, she DOES. No, she DOESN’T. PRESENT PROGRESSIVE (CONTINUOUS) –She IS speakING German. –She ISN’T speakING GERMAN. –IS she speakING GERMAN? Yes, she IS. No, she ISN’T.
SPECIAL VERBS THEY NEVER USE AUXILIARIES!!! –TO BE (AM/ARE/ IS) –HAVE GOT (HAS GOT) –THERE IS/THERE ARE –MODALS (CAN/MUST/SHOULD/ MAY/SHALL…) VA- S+ V + C V+NOTN- S + V+NOT + C VI- V + S + C? S.A V. –Yes, S+ V. V+NOT –No, S+ V+NOT. We are good students. We aren’t good students. Are we good students? She’s got a nice car. She hasn’t got a nice car. Has she got a nice car? They can speak French properly. They can’t speak French properly. Can they speak French properly?
PRESENT SIMPLE (3 rd PERSON SINGULAR) PRESENT PROGRESSIVE (GERUND) MOST VERBSWORKSWORKING ENDING IN -S/ X/ CH/ SH WASHES WATCHES BOXES WASHING WATCHING BOXING ENDING IN -O DOES GOES DOING GOING ENDING IN CONSONANT +Y FLY FLIESFLYING ENDING IN VOWEL + Y PLAY PLAYSPLAYING ENDING IN -E DANCESDANCING (-E ELISION) ENDING IN-IE DIESDYING ENDING IN C+V+C STOPSSTOPPING
SPELLING RULES GERUND 1)1 SYLLABLE WORDS –V (C+V+C)+C+ING STOPPING 2) 2 SYLLABLE WORDS –If the stress is on the second syllable, the word gets a double consonant. begin > beginning, permit > permitting
USUAL CONFUSSIONS ‘S IS HAS HAS GOT ‘S (SAXON GENITIVE) 1.She’s happy. 2.She’s been in London. 3.She’s got a car. 4.I like Mary’s dress. 5.It’s made of plastic 1.IS 2.HAS (PRES PERF) 3.HAS (HAS GOT) 4.‘S (SAXON GENITIVE) 5.IS (PRESENT SIMPLE PASSIVE)
USUAL CONFUSSIONS -ING= GERUND = PRESENT CONTINUOUS.-ING= GERUND = PRESENT CONTINUOUS. ING= VERB, NOUN, ADJECTIVE. 1.I love studying English. 2.I am learning a new language. 3.She was sleeping like a log. 4.Snorkelling is my new hobby. 5.I use it for writing. 6.I never go swimming. 7.English is not a boring subject. 1.NOUN (LOVE, LIKE….) 2.VERB (PRES CONT!) 3.VERB (PAST CONT) 4.NOUN (SUBJECT) 5.VERB (PREPOSITIONS) 6.NOUN (SPORTS & ACTIVITIES) 7.ADJECTIVE