2We use the verb to be (am / is / are) to make yes / no questions that don´t have an action verb. We make this type of question when we want to know about facts / reality.Are you married?Yes, I am.Is he your brother?No, he isn´t. = No, he is not.Is she an artist?Yes, she is.
3Subjective pronounIYouHeSheItWeTheyVerb to beamareis
4Verb to be + Subject + complement? When we form the a question the verb to be, we need to invert the order of the subject of the sentence with the verb to be:Affirmative: He is from Brasilia.Yes/no question: Is he from Brasilia?Short answer:Yes, he is. / No, he isn´tComplete answer: Yes. He is from BrasiliaFormula – Yes/No Questions with the verb to be:Verb to be + Subject + complement?Is Paul your friend?Are you American?Is your sister married?
5Can you make some yes /no questions with the words below? Example: Is she your sister?theyhappyaremarriedsinglesadHeA dentistsheHis brotherFrom BrasiliaYouisYour frienda doctor
6When we have an action verb, we need a ¨helper¨ (an auxiliary verb) to form the question – DO/DOES Do you play soccer?Yes, I do.Do they speak French?No, they don´t. = No, they do not.Does she drive to work?Yes, she does.Does he travel a lot?No, he doesn´t. = No, he does not.
7Remember that when forming a question with the 3rd person singular (he/she/it) we use DOES, and the action verb goes back to its base form:He travels every week. (the verb ¨to travel¨ is conjugated)Does he travel every week? (the verb travel is now in his base form – the infinitive without the ¨to¨)Let´s remember the conjugation of verbs in English:I travel study playYou travel study playhe/she/it travels studies playsWe travel study playYou travel study playThey travel study play
8Do / Does+ Subject + action verb + complement? When we form a question with an action verb, we have to place the helper , the auxiliary verb DO / DOES in the beginning of the question and, and when it is a question in the 3rd person singular, the action verb goes back to its base form (infinitive minus ¨to¨)Affirmative: I like chocolate. / He likes chocoloate.Yes/no question: Do you like chocolate? / Does he like chocolate?Short answer:Yes, I do. or No, I don´t / Yes, he does. Or No, he doesn´t= No, I do not = No, he does notComplete answer: Yes. I like chocolate. / Yes, He likes chocoloateFormula – Yes/No Questions with an action verb:Do / Does+ Subject + action verb + complement?Does Paul play the guitar?Do you like chocolate?Does your sister work at IBM?
9Can you make some yes /no questions with the words below? Example: Do you like chocolate?Travel a lotDoesDoeatBrasiliayouwineplaysoccerBahiana foodyour sistershehelikeChinese foodtheybeerdrinkgo out with your friends a lottennisvoleyball