Presentation on theme: "Elvira Hernández Sánchez"— Presentation transcript:
1Elvira Hernández Sánchez Simple pastVspresent perfectElvira Hernández SánchezAutor:Clic here to continue
2When do we use…? Simple past is used when the activity have finished. Present perfect is used when we want to talk about something which happened in the past but is relevant now.
3Simple past grammar structure Affirmative sentence:I/you/he/she/it/we/they went to Mexico City last week.Pronoun verb in simple past complement.Negative sentence:I/you/he/she/it/they/we did not=didn’t go to the party last weekPronoun auxiliar+not verb in simple form + complement.
4Interrogative sentence: Did + I/you/he/she/it/we/they do the homework ?Auxiliar pronoun verb in simple form + complement question markShort answers:yes , I/you/he/she/it/we/they + didyes + comma pronoun auxiliarno , I/you/he/she/it/we/they did + not = didn’tno + comma pronoun auxiliar + not
5simple past study the following examples: I got five in the exam yesterday.I didn’t/did not get a good grade in the exam.Did you pass the exam?Yes, I didNo, I did not/didn’t
6Present perfect grammar structure Affirmative sentence:Pronoun (I/you/they/we) + auxiliar (have=‘ve) + verb in past participle + complementPronoun (He/she/it) + auxiliar (has= ‘s) + verb in past participle + complementNegative sentence:Pronoun (I/you/they/we) +auxiliar+not(have +not = haven’t) +verb in past participle + complementPronoun (she/he/it)+auxiliar + not (has not = hasn’t) + verb in past participle + complement
7Interrogative sentence: Auxiliar (have) + pronoun (I/you/we/they) verb in past participle + complement + ?Auxiliar (has) + pronoun (she/he/it) verb in past participle + complement + ?Short answers:Yes + , + pronoun (I/you/we/they) + have = ‘veYes + , + pronoun (she/he/it) + has=‘sNo + , + pronoun (I/you/we/they) + have not = haven’tNo , + pronoun (she/he/it) + has = hasn’t
8present perfect I have/’ve studied for the exam all day. Study the following examples:I have/’ve studied for the exam all day.I have not/haven’t studied for the exam.Have you studied for the exam?Yes, I haveNo, I have not/haven’t
9Mix A:Have you ever been in Mexico City? (present perfect) B:Yes, I went to Mexico City last week.(simple past)As you can see we can mix both, simple past and present perfect.