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The Present Perfect Tense Level: ELIS 103 Section: D0C 11 th February, 2013 SLO: Can ask and answer questions and make statements using the present perfect.

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Presentation on theme: "The Present Perfect Tense Level: ELIS 103 Section: D0C 11 th February, 2013 SLO: Can ask and answer questions and make statements using the present perfect."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Present Perfect Tense Level: ELIS 103 Section: D0C 11 th February, 2013 SLO: Can ask and answer questions and make statements using the present perfect simple and past simple tenses Khairiyah Badran

2 past Present Perfect Timeline * now I have lived in London for eight months. Have you been to London? Can you remember when that was? Yes. That was in

3 past Present Perfect Timeline (continued) now Samer Salman, Vice-President of Ajman University, has died in a tragic motor-bike accident. You look sad! O, Allah! When did this happen? The accident took place on Friday May Allah have mercy upon him! 5

4 Present Perfect Tense Finished actions: results now**

5 past Past Simple Timeline* Samer Salman, Vice-President of Ajman University died in a tragic motor-bike accident on Friday, 8 th February now Feb. 1 st Feb. 2 nd Feb. 3 rd Feb. 4 th Feb. 5 th Feb. 6 th Feb. 8 th Feb. 7 th. Feb. 9 th Feb. 10 th Feb. 11 th

6 past Past Simple Timeline* I travelled to London in now

7 Present Perfect Tense

8 Present Perfect Tense: Uses  We use the present perfect tense to talk about :  actions that happened before now (at an indefinite time in the past).  actions/states which began in the past and continue to the present.  finished actions which have results now.  experiences as part of someone’s life.

9 Present Perfect Tense: Rule Statements ( + ) [I, you, we, they] + have + verb (past participle) [he, she, it ]+ has + verb (past participle)

10 Present Perfect Tense: Rule Statements ( + ) Contracted form: 1- [I, you, we, they] ‘ve + verb (past participle) Phonology: I’ve travelled /aiv træv ә ld/ Short form: Yes, I have. NOT Yes, I’ve. 2- [he, she, it ]’s + verb (past participle) Phonology: He’s slept /hi ә z slept/ Short form: Yes, he has. NOT Yes, he’s.

11 Present Perfect Tense: Rule..contin ued Statements ( - ) [I, you, we, they] + have + not + verb (past participle) [he, she, it] + has + not + verb (past participle)

12 Present Perfect Tense: Rule..contin ued Statements ( - ) Short forms [I, you, we, they] + haven’t + verb (past participle) [he, she, it] + hasn’t + verb (past participle)

13 Present Perfect Tense: Rule..continued Questions have+ [I, you, we, they] + verb (past participle) has + [he, she, it] + verb (past participle)

14 Present Perfect Tense: Rule..continued Time Expressions Just – already – for - since – ever – never (negative sentences) - yet (questions & negatives)

15 Present Perfect Tense: Rule..continued Time Expressions: since I haven’t played football since I was a child.  Present perfect + since + verb (past simple)  Since + verb (past simple), present perfect Since I was a child I haven’t played football. Present perfect Past simple Present perfect Past simple Present perfect + Since + point in time (past time)

16 Present Perfect Tense: Rule..continued Time Expressions: since  I haven’t played football since  Since last Wednesday, I haven’t signed in to my . Present perfect + Since + point in time (past time)

17 Statements + Statements - Questions Short answer + Short answer - I have travelled I haven't travelled. have I travelled? Yes, I have. No, I haven’t. He has travelled. He hasn't travelled. Has he travelled? Yes, he has. No, he hasn't. She has travelled. She hasn't travelled. Has she travelled? Yes, she has. No, she hasn't. It has stopped. It hasn’t stopped. Has it stopped? Yes, it has. No, it hasn't. You have travelled. You haven't travelled. Have you travelled? Yes, you Have. No, you haven't. We have travelled. We haven't travelled. Have we travelled? Yes, we Have. No, we haven't. They have travelled. They haven't travelled. Have they travelled? Yes, they Have. No, they haven’t. The Present Perfect Tense V. to travel/stop

18 Idea of timeline is taken from Basic English Usage, Story including timeline is developed by Khairiyah Badran. Picture taken from Basic English Usage, 1995 Thank you


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