Presentation on theme: "The Present Perfect Tense"— Presentation transcript:
1The Present Perfect Tense Level: ELIS 103Section: D0C11th February, 2013SLO: Can ask and answer questions and make statements using the present perfect simple and past simple tensesKhairiyah Badran
2Present Perfect Timeline* Have you been to London?1I have lived in Londonfor eight months.2pastnowCan you remember when that was?Yes. That was in 2004.34
31 2 past now 3 4 5 Samer Salman , Vice-President of Present Perfect Timeline (continued)1You look sad!Samer Salman , Vice-President ofAjman University, has died in atragic motor-bike accident.2pastnowO, Allah!When did this happen?3The accident took place on Friday.45May Allah have mercy upon him!
5Past Simple Timeline*Samer Salman, Vice-President of Ajman University died in a tragic motor-bike accident on Friday, 8th February 2013.nowpastFeb. 1stFeb. 2ndFeb. 3rdFeb. 4thFeb. 5thFeb. 6thFeb. 7th.Feb. 8thFeb. 9thFeb. 10thFeb. 11th
6I travelled to London in 2004. Past Simple Timeline*I travelled to London in 2004.pastnow200120022003200420052006
8Present Perfect Tense: We use the present perfect tense to talk about :actions that happened before now (at an indefinite time in the past).actions/states which began in the past and continue to the present.finished actions which have results now.experiences as part of someone’s life.Uses
9Present Perfect Tense: Statements( + )[I, you, we, they] + have + verb (past participle)[he, she, it ]+ has + verb (past participle)Rule
10Present Perfect Tense: Statements( + )Contracted form:1- [I, you, we, they] ‘ve + verb (past participle)Phonology:I’ve travelled....../aiv trævәld/Short form:Yes, I have NOT Yes, I’ve.2- [he, she, it ]’s + verb (past participle)He’s slept....../hiәz slept/Yes, he has NOT Yes, he’s.Rule
11Present Perfect Tense: Statements( - )[I, you, we, they] + have + not + verb (past participle)[he, she, it] + has + not + verb (past participle)Rule..continued
14Present Perfect Tense: Time ExpressionsJust – already – for - since – ever – never (negative sentences) - yet (questions & negatives)Rule..continued
15Rule..continued Present Perfect Tense: Time Expressions: since I haven’t played football since I was a child.Present perfect since + verb (past simple)Since + verb (past simple), present perfectSince I was a child I haven’t played football.Present perfect + Since + point in time (past time)Rule..continuedPast simplePresent perfectPresent perfectPast simple
16Present Perfect Tense: Time Expressions: since I haven’t played football since 1980.Since last Wednesday, I haven’t signed in to my .Rule..continuedPresent perfect + Since + point in time (past time)
17The Present Perfect Tense V. to travel/stopStatements +Statements -QuestionsShort answer +Short answer -I have travelledI haven't travelled.have I travelled?Yes, I have.No, I haven’t.He has travelled.He hasn't travelled.Has he travelled?Yes, he has.No, he hasn't.She has travelled.She hasn't travelled.Has she travelled?Yes, she has.No, she hasn't.It has stopped.It hasn’t stopped.Has it stopped?Yes, it has.No, it hasn't.You have travelled.You haven't travelled.Have you travelled?Yes, you Have.No, you haven't.We have travelled.We haven't travelled.Have we travelled?Yes, we Have.No, we haven't.They have travelled.They haven't travelled.Have they travelled?Yes, they Have.No, they haven’t.
18Thank you Idea of timeline is taken from Basic English Usage, 1995. Story including timeline is developed by Khairiyah Badran.Picture taken from Basic English Usage, 1995