Presentation on theme: "Ch. 12 Cross Cultural Exchanges on the Silk Roads"— Presentation transcript:
1 Ch. 12 Cross Cultural Exchanges on the Silk Roads
2 Silk Roads Started by large Empires (ex. Roman, Han, Kushan) EAST WEST Asia, India, ChinaMediterranean area& Roman EmpireExported spices, fruitssilksEXPORTED: glasswareJewels, art, decorative items
3 Religions on the Silk Roads Provided rationalExplanation ofGood vs. evilHigh ethicalstandardsManichaeismMerchants, missionaries, & others took advantage of the roads to spreadtheir beliefsStarted by ManiDualismChristianityBuddhismLightHinduismDarkMediterraneanBasinMerchantsSW AsiaIran, C & SEAsia, & ChinaMerchants& MarinersSE Asia(Vietnam &Cambodia)SpiritualMaterialWorldVery Devout,StrictMissionariesEffected culture(ex. Rajas)Paul ofTarsusGregoryThe Wonderworker
4 Small pox, measles, bubonic plague Epidemic DiseaseSmall pox, measles, bubonic plagueRoman EmpireHan DynastyPopulationdeclineIn 400cePopulation decline in 2ndCentury C.E.EconomicAnd Social ChangeTrade declined &Became regional
5 China after Han Cultural Change Epidemic Disease Political Problems ConfucianTraditionLostcredibilityLost abilityTo maintainorderFactionswithinranks(marriagealliances)Nomads migratedInto ChinaPopulation declinedLandholdingsTook upAgriculture& settledTookChinesenamesMarriedChinesespousesCentral gov’tdissolvesLeft Confucianism towardBuddhism & DaoismGenerals ruledregionsAttracted bymigrantsalready familiarw/it from IndiaBecomes morereligious thanphilosophical
6 The Fall of the Roman Empire Rome didn’tEntirely fallByzantine on the EastExternal ThreatsIntermittentHostilitiesw/SasanidsBarracksEmperorsInternal DecayVisigoths(Scandi-navia & Ru-ssia)Huns26 GeneralsDiocletianPossbleCousinsOf XiognuConstantineDied ViolentlyDivide RomeEast & WestSon of Co-rulerAttilaWarrior kingAdopted manyRoman culturesThreatenedothersAnatolia, SyriaEgypt & GreeceGaul, SpainBritainN. AfricaNew capitalConstantinopleAgriculturearmylawsChristianityForced toMove intoRomanBoundariesReunited Eastern& Western RomeFour Official TetrarchsStill faced externalthreatsMoved aroundat willStabilize Economy
7 Cultural Change in Roman Empire Institutional ChurchChristianityHierarchyProminentsurvivor ofRomeConstantineTheodosiusSt. AugustineNew TestamentOfficial ReligionHad morepowerPope & PatriarchsConvertedTo ChristianityBishop of Hippo inAfricaUnder Romanturmoil officialswanted tostandardizeteachingsBishopsBecamelegitimatereligionEdict of MilanTook careof dioceseClaim tobe thedescendantof St. PeterConverted toChristianityDisputesArise, de-cide officialdoctrineMade Christianityintellectuallyrespectable againstother philosophies& religionsAllowed Christianityin Rome openlyAfter severaldebatesBecame spiritualleader ofChristiancommunityCouncil ofNicea andChalcedon4th c.-27 shortwritings wererecognized asauthoritativeHelped change areligion to achurchDiscuss Jesus’natureBoth human& divineNew TestamentChristianity survivesImperial authority& will serve a culturalUnification from manylands
8 Inquiry Questions (4-5 sentence response per question) In what ways did the network of trade routes called the silk roads make life during the classical era significantly different from life in the pre-classical era?The textbook states “Christianity was perhaps the most prominent survivor of the Western Roman Empire.” What does this statement mean? How did Christianity manage to survive and thrive after the collapse of the empire?How did the nomadic peoples of Eurasia (Visigoths, Huns) impeded and/or contribute to the development of the silk roads?
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