Buddhism in China Originally, Buddhism restricted to foreign merchant populations Gradual spread to larger population beginning 5 th c. CE
Buddhism and Hinduism in SE Asia Sea lanes in Indian Ocean 1 st c. CE clear Indian influence in SE Asia –Rulers called “rajas” –Sanskrit used for written communication –Buddhism, Hinduism increasingly popular faiths
Diocletan (r. 284-305 CE) Divided empire into two administrative districts Co-Emperors, dual Lieutenants –“Tetrarchs” Currency, budget reform Relative stability disappears after Diocletians’ death, civil war follows Constantine emerges victorious
Fall of the Roman Empire: External Factors Visigoths, influenced by Roman law, Christianity –Formerly buffer states for Roman Empire Attacked by Huns under Attila in 5 th c. CE Massive migration of Germanic peoples into Roman Empire Sacked Rome in 410 CE, established Germanic emperor in 476 CE
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