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September 19, 2006I. Augustin, GSI at PHIBADE 2006 Status of the FAIR Project I. Augustin FAIR Coordination Group GSI.

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Presentation on theme: "September 19, 2006I. Augustin, GSI at PHIBADE 2006 Status of the FAIR Project I. Augustin FAIR Coordination Group GSI."— Presentation transcript:

1 September 19, 2006I. Augustin, GSI at PHIBADE 2006 Status of the FAIR Project I. Augustin FAIR Coordination Group GSI

2 September 19, 2006I. Augustin, GSI at PHIBADE 2006, Strasbourg CDR Layout at pre-FAIR times authors PANDA Atom.Phys. CBM Plasma Phys. Low En. RIB Expt. High En. RIB Expt.

3 September 19, 2006I. Augustin, GSI at PHIBADE 2006, Strasbourg Primary Beams All elements up to Uranium Factor over present intensity 50ns bunching Secondary Beams Rare isotope beams up to a factor of in intensity over present Low and high energy antiprotons Beam cooling Rapidly cycling superconducting magnets Narrow bunching of beams Key Technologies Storage and Cooler Rings Rare isotope beams e - – Rare Isotope collider stored and cooled antiprotons for Antimatter creation International FAIR Project: the Intensity Frontier Rare Isotope Production Target Antiproton Production Target

4 September 19, 2006I. Augustin, GSI at PHIBADE 2006, Strasbourg Radioactive Ion Beam ProgrammeAnti Proton Beam Programme Relat. Ion Beam ProgrammePlasma Physics Beam Programme

5 September 19, 2006I. Augustin, GSI at PHIBADE 2006, Strasbourg Up to 4 fold Parallel Operation at FAIR !

6 September 19, 2006I. Augustin, GSI at PHIBADE 2006, Strasbourg PAC QCD E. Chiavassa PAC NUSTAR R. Casten PAC APPA D. Schwalm TAC Y. Cho Observers: FAIR Project CORE Cost Review Groups D. Plane, W. Bartel FCI Full Cost Issues B. Brandt AFI Working Group Administrative + Funding Issues Ö. Skeppstedt LFI Legal Framework Issues U.B. Jahn STI Working Group Scientific + Technical Issues H. Wenninger / S. Gales ISC International Steering Committee H. Schunck The International Committee Structure of FAIR MiniTACs Cryogenics Warm and Cold magnets Power Supplies Beam Instrumentation p-Linac

7 September 19, 2006I. Augustin, GSI at PHIBADE 2006, Strasbourg Milestones 2003 – 2006

8 September 19, 2006I. Augustin, GSI at PHIBADE 2006, Strasbourg Baseline Technical Report (April 2006) > 3500 pages Contributors: ~ 2200 expt. scientists ~ 400 accel. scientists Investment costs: ~ 1000 M€ Personnel needed: ~ 2400 MY

9 September 19, 2006I. Augustin, GSI at PHIBADE 2006, Strasbourg FAIR LAYOUT

10 September 19, 2006I. Augustin, GSI at PHIBADE 2006, Strasbourg What has changed? readjusting of the beam rigidity (SIS300) optimizations injection and extraction of the synchrotrons rearrangement high energy beam transport system add storage ring (RESR) to achieve the accumulation and cooling performance antiproton injection into HESR at an energy of 3 GeV accelerate/decelerate in HESR allowing direct injection from RESR

11 September 19, 2006I. Augustin, GSI at PHIBADE 2006, Strasbourg Facility for Low energy Antiprotons and Ion Research Originates from CERN-AD program 100x more intensity than at CERN AD

12 September 19, 2006I. Augustin, GSI at PHIBADE 2006, Strasbourg STI Recommendations on Experiments ExperimentPACBase ProgramCore FacilityComments R3BNUSTARyes HISPEC/DESPECNUSTARyes ILIMANUSTARyes LASPECNUSTARyes MATSNUSTARyes AICNUSTARno open scientific & techn. issues ELISeNUSTARyes EXLNUSTARyes NCAPNUSTARno request beam-time EXO-pbarNUSTARno PANDAQCDyes CBMQCDyes PAXQCDno Strong scientific merit; could become part of base program ASSIAQCDno Consider joining PAX LAPLACE/HIHEX/WDMAPPAyes should merge under one umbrella FLAIRAPPAnoyesnot part of the initial CDR SPARCAPPAyes BIOMATAPPAyes

13 September 19, 2006I. Augustin, GSI at PHIBADE 2006, Strasbourg Accelerator Physics and Technology for FAIR Main R&D challenges Superconducting, fast ramping synchrotron magnets High gradient, low frequency RF cavities Fast stochastic and electron cooling Novel lattice/collimation design: Beam optics studies Control of collective effects: Large scale simulation studies Ultra high vacuum for intense beams HESR e-cooler SIS 100 dipole magnet CR compressor cavity control of stripping losses Desorption test-stand Working point diagram: Stability of intense beams

14 September 19, 2006I. Augustin, GSI at PHIBADE 2006, Strasbourg Critical Path Issues Critical Path Issues Negotiations and agreements with FAIR partners: Decisions on NESR, RESR magnet technology (warm or cold) in autumn of 2006  Spain If decision for NESR and RESR superconducting, prototype for end of 2008  Spain CR and Super FRS sc-dipole prototypes in 2008  China SIS 300 decision for or against curved magnets probably end of 2006  Italy, Russia SIS 300 sc magnets prototype a) straight magnets 2008, b) curved magnets 2008/9  Italy, Russia SIS 300 sc quadrupoles prototype 2008/9  France, CEA and IN2P3 SIS 100 sc magnet prototype 2008  Russia, Industry, GSI HESR curved sc magnets, feasibility study end 2006, prototype in 2008  Industry, Jülich Design Super FRS Triplets 2007  Industry, GSI Prototype Super FRS Triplet 2008  Industry, GSI SUPER FRS Energy Buncher dipoles, delivery end of 2009  India

15 September 19, 2006I. Augustin, GSI at PHIBADE 2006, Strasbourg Scope of CNI:  FAIR injector SIS18 intensity upgrade (HADES, R3B) Scope of Design Study:  secondary beams (RIB and Antiprotons) I3 programmes in the 6th FP  I3HP, EURONS, R&D funding issues: FAIR - EU support SIS100/SIS300 HESR PANDA ( I3HP) CR GSI Accelerator Facilities NESR Super- FRS HADES* / CBM I3HP NUSTAR EURONS HADES* R3B SIS18 EU R&D funding FAIR related amounts to 32 M€

16 September 19, 2006I. Augustin, GSI at PHIBADE 2006, Strasbourg FAIR Master Schedule Adapted to Civil Construction Schedule Critical Path: Availability of buildings to start installations (Subjected for further optimization) Actual planning allows for:  First experiments at sFRS 2011/2012  Project end 2014/2015

17 September 19, 2006I. Augustin, GSI at PHIBADE 2006, Strasbourg Stage 1 ( ) Civil Construction Activity Radioactive beam physics Nuclear structure and nuclear astrophysics Atomic physics studies with highly charged/radioactive ions & plasma physics

18 September 19, 2006I. Augustin, GSI at PHIBADE 2006, Strasbourg Stage 2 ( ) Civil Construction Activity Proton-antiproton physics QCD studies with protons and antiprotons Precision studies with antiproton beams addressing fundamental symmetries and interactions FLAIR Relat. Heavy Ions 1-10AGeV relat. heavy ion beams for atomic and nuclear collision studies, e.g. with HADES

19 September 19, 2006I. Augustin, GSI at PHIBADE 2006, Strasbourg Stage 3 ( ) No Civil Construction Activity anymore Full facility capability & all research programs Full parallel operation of up to four research programs Full energy and luminosity for nuclear collisions program at CBM Precision QCD Studies at PANDA up to 15 GeV/c Plasma research (full gain factor in power density: ~400) Atomic reaction studies with fast beams

20 September 19, 2006I. Augustin, GSI at PHIBADE 2006 Proposed FAIR – Roadmap: Establishment of FAIR GmbH Contracting Parties Share- holders (SH) Bylaw Subgroup AFI ISC STI IKAB Joint Core- Team 07/ / Nomination of Shareholders + Completion of negotiations Completion of draft Bylaws Signature of Convention and Final Act Signature AoA STI AFI joint meeting ISC/SH ISC Bylaws, draft FAIR GmbH structure and kick-off staffing Convention, Final Act, AoA; Joint Core Team Technical evaluation of potential in-kind contributions (ongoing process up to the formation of FAIR GmbH) Mandate for IKAB Monitoring of technical planning and project costs (ongoing process up to the formation of FAIR GmbH) Elaboration of the Bylaws (ongoing) Convention Final Act AoA First meeting: start senior staffing Constitutive Meeting of the Council Convention, Final Act, AoA; Bylaws (first draft) Bylaws, draft FAIR structure Technical project decisions (follow up design changes) / FAIR preparation tasks (ongoing process up to the foundation of FAIR GmbH) Formation FAIR GmbH Negotiations (ongoing, 'till end of 2006) meetings

21 September 19, 2006I. Augustin, GSI at PHIBADE 2006, Strasbourg Thank you for your attention!

22 September 19, 2006I. Augustin, GSI at PHIBADE 2006, Strasbourg Parameters for end of commissioning / start of operation (I)

23 September 19, 2006I. Augustin, GSI at PHIBADE 2006, Strasbourg Parameters for end of commissioning / start of operation (II)

24 September 19, 2006I. Augustin, GSI at PHIBADE 2006, Strasbourg There are other IN-FLIGHT and ISOL facilities availabe - WHY FAIR ? The FAIR accelerators will provide beams with the following characteristics: Full range of ion beam species plus antiprotons : The facility will accelerate all ions from protons (and also antiprotons) up to heaviest elements, uranium. This will provide the necessary broad basis for the multi-disciplinary research program for FAIR. Highest beam intensities: Intensities of primary heavy-ion beams will increase by a factor of 100, secondary radioactive beams by a factor of up to 10,000 over the present GSI facility, pushing forwards the sensitivity of experiments Substantial increase in beam energy : An increase by about a factor of 20 in energy is foreseen for beams as heavy as uranium. In this energy regime nucleus-nucleus collisions are expected to generate hadronic matter at the highest densities This enables unique studies of charm production in highly compressed matter. Generation of precision beams: These will be stochastic and electron cooling of ion beams, in particular also applicable to the secondary radioactive and antiproton beams. Together with the statistical precision and high sensitivity that results from high beam intensities and interaction rates, the precision-quality beams will allow entering totally new areas of research in all of the FAIR science fields. Synchrotrons and storage rings as accelerator structures of choice : For ion beams, ranging from protons to uranium, synchrotrons provide the most economical solution to generate very high beam energies. Even more important for the FAIR research program, accelerator rings are unique in their capability to store, cool, bunch, and stretch beams.

25 September 19, 2006I. Augustin, GSI at PHIBADE 2006, Strasbourg Five Research Communities at FAIR 100 m High EM Field (HI) _ Fundamental Studies (HI & p) Applications (HI) Plasma Physics: x600 higher target energy density 600kJ/g Nuclear Matter Physics with GeV/u HI beams, x1000 Hadron Physics with antiprotons of GeV SIS 100/300 HESR Super FRS NESR CBM HADES FLAIR CR- RESR Rare Isotope Production Target Antiproton Production Target Nuclear Structure & Astrophysics with radioactive beams, x and excellent cooling


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