Presentation on theme: "Peter Spiller, FAIR monthly 07 Peter Spiller FAIR monthly May 18, 2007 FAIR Synchrotrons SIS100/300."— Presentation transcript:
Peter Spiller, FAIR monthly 07 Peter Spiller FAIR monthly May 18, 2007 FAIR Synchrotrons SIS100/300
Peter Spiller, FAIR monthly 07 Beam Parameters SIS100 Heavy Ion Operation U 28+ : Fast Extract.: 5x10 11 ppp Slow Extract. Possible Proton Operationp: Fast Extract.: 2.5 – 5x10 13 ppp SIS300 Heavy Ion Stretcher Mode U 28+ : Slow Extract.: 3x10 11 pps (d.c.) Heavy Ion High Energy Mode U 92+ : Slow Extract.: 1x10 10 pps Bottleneck is SIS18 ! Challenging and unique operation at the limit to vacuum instability defines the number of particles in SIS100
Peter Spiller, FAIR monthly 07 S1: Transfer to SIS300 S2: Rf Compression (MA loaded) S3: Rf Acceleration (Ferrite loaded) S4: Rf Acceleration (Ferrite loaded) S5: Extraction Systems (slow and fast) S6: Injection System plus RF Acceleration and Barrier Bucket The SIS100 technical subsystems define the length of the straight sections of both synchrotrons S1 S2 S3 S4 S5 S6 Technical Subsystems Sixfold Symmetry Sufficiently long and number of straight sections Reasonable line density in resonance diagram Good geometrical matching to the overall topology
Peter Spiller, FAIR monthly 07 SIS100/300 Sections S1 S2 S3 S4 S5 S6 SIS100: Distribution of all devices completed SIS300: Distribution of devices ongoing
Peter Spiller, FAIR monthly 07 1. High Intensity- and Compressor Stage SIS100 with fast-ramped superconducting magnets and a strong bunch compression system. Intermediate charge state ions e.g. U 28+ -ions up to 2.7 GeV/u Protons up to 30 GeV FBTR: Bρ= 100 Tm - B max = 2 T - dB/dt = 4 T/s (straight dipoles) Bρ= 100 Tm - B max = 1.9 T - dB/dt = 3.8 T/s (curved dipoles 2. High Energy- and Stretcher Stage SIS300 with superconducting high-field magnets and stretcher function. Highly charges ions e.g. U 92+ -ions up to 34 GeV/u Intermediate charge state ions U 28+ - ions at 1.5 to 2.7 GeV/u with 100% duty cycle FBTR: Bρ= 300 Tm - B max = 6 T - dB/dt = 1 T/s (short, straight dipoles) Bρ= 300 Tm - B max = 4.5 T - dB/dt = 1 T/s (long curved dipole) Two Stage Synchrotron SIS100/300
Peter Spiller, FAIR monthly 07 Sagitta of straight dipoles has defined the acceptance Beam displacement in the fringe field and middle of the straight magnets enhance errors Maximum required dipole and quadrupole field too high Field properties questionable Increased apertures compared to the original Nuclotron magnets: a) Higher current requirements b) Enhanced AC loss and reduced quench stability c) Higher stored energy > Quench protection scheme difficult and requires cable modification (number of strands) Magnets: SIS100 Magnet Redefinition Curved SIS100 Dipole Magnet Prolongated SIS100 Quadrupole Magnet
Peter Spiller, FAIR monthly 07 Magnets: SIS300 Magnet Redefinition The cos magnets (SIS300) consume more space than superferric magnets (SIS100) and are just suitable for the small circumference. a) Not sufficient space in the arcs for the FBTR doublet lattice cell > FODO lattice b) Dipole sagitta limits the acceptance (acceptable in strong focusing lattices) Reason: The effective field length in iron dominated magnets is longer than the yoke. The effective field length in co magnets is much Shorter than the cold mass. SIS100 defines the ratio between the straight section and arc length.
Peter Spiller, FAIR monthly 07 Several model magnets for R&D on AC loss, field quality and mechanical aspects (JINR) Three prototype dipole magnets for SIS100 are in production (two straight (BNG, JINR) and one bent (BINP) Design review approval – Delivery in 2008 Bent SIS300 prototype dipole magnet is in preparation (INFN) String test required (2009-2010) approval for cryomagnetic integration of all components Magnets: Magnet Development
Peter Spiller, FAIR monthly 07 Structure: SIS100 Focusing Modules Quadrupol unit of the arc includes sextupole, BPM and collimator (used also for pumping) Quadrupole unit of the straights includes BPM, sextupole and pumping chamber Dipole Moduls Two standard quadrupole units, but many exceptions ! Big engineering effort for preplanning of cryomagnetic modules. SIS100 missing dipole, doublet structure has kept unchanged.
Peter Spiller, FAIR monthly 07 Doublet Lattice base on short straight dipoles FBTR SIS 300 Lattice Structure: SIS300 Structure Redefinition New SIS 300 Lattice Small ring circumference and matching to SIS100 geometry requires FODO lattice in SIS300 and curved dipole magnets. Advantages a) chromaticity correction without significant DA reduction b) slow extraction with reasonable s.c. septum strength FODO Lattice based on long (and short) curved dipoles
Peter Spiller, FAIR monthly 07 Extraction The new missing dipole arc of SIS300 avoids lateral displacement between SIS100 and SIS300 and enables the bypassing of the SIS100 extraction line and thereby vertical extraction of both synchrotrons.
Peter Spiller, FAIR monthly 07 Extraction: SIS100 Extraction Section Electrostatic SeptaBipolar Kicker System Lambertson Septum Magnetic Septa and Emergency Dump Halo Scraper 3D conceptual design study for the SIS300, 3.5 T s.c. extraction septum Start prototyping in 2007. Prototype ramped, bipolar kicker in preparation.
Peter Spiller, FAIR monthly 07 Transfersystem SIS100 – SIS300 Tight geometrical and matching constaints. Revision required because of new SIS300 FODO lattice. Design study collaboration FSY and ACCEL. Optical and technically feasible solution found.
Peter Spiller, FAIR monthly 07 Rf: Overview FBTRTechnical Concept Acceleration Systemh=10 400 kV Ferrit ring core, "narrow" band cavities Compression System h=2 600 kV Magnetic alloy ring core, broad band (low duty cycle) cavities Barrier Bucket System 2x15kVMagnetic alloy ring core, broad band (low duty cycle) cavities Ferrit loaded accel. cavity MA test cores at GSI SIS18 bunch compressor
Peter Spiller, FAIR monthly 07 Rf: SIS100 Acceleration Sections 16 ferrite cavities for acceleration in section S3 and S4 Acceleration Cavity: Design study completed (BINP) Engineering study completed Start prototype manufacturing expected for 2007
Peter Spiller, FAIR monthly 07 Rf: SIS100 Compression Section 16 MA compression cavities in section S2 Compression Cavities: SIS18 compression system with very similar techn. parameters completed
Peter Spiller, FAIR monthly 07 Synchrotron Main Supply Buildings Document „Specifications for Synchrotron Buildings“ includes main accelerator aspects Table of floor space requirements Tables for cranes and double floor Distribution of supply units for all buildings and floors Cable planning started General specifications plus Load List
Peter Spiller, FAIR monthly 07 SIS100/300 Labyrinth and Supply Tunnel Building optimization for cryogenic and media supply required
Peter Spiller, FAIR monthly 07 HEBT: Revised FBTR Topology Matched to changes in CR, RESR, HESR and Super-FRS layout HESR extension considered N.c. beam line to pbar Target, PP, AP Gaps closed to extraction from SIS18 and SIS100/300 Matched to zero displacement between SIS100 and SIS300 Adapted to changed SIS100/300 magnet design Second beam line for PP and PP perpendicular p beam line from SIS18 to HESR
Peter Spiller, FAIR monthly 07 Present status Linear layout with chromatic- and space charge effects main for beam transport systems completed and approved (beside a few lines around the storage rings) Higher order layout for Super-FRS Higher order layout with chromatic effects and tracking studies for pbar-separator Next or ongoing design steps Prove of technical feasibility (e.g. collisions) Integration of beam diagnostics and correctors (presently proceeding) Technical pre-design (e.g. cryogenic system and supply, warm magnet design) Coordination with civil construction (e.g. alignment, building floor, infrastructure) Modification and optimization of supply buildings (presently proceeding) Status of Optical Design and Next Steps Building 4 and 4a