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Chapter 20 Section 3 African Americans Seek Greater Equality African Americans Seek Greater Equality Northern Segregation Northern Segregation De facto.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 20 Section 3 African Americans Seek Greater Equality African Americans Seek Greater Equality Northern Segregation Northern Segregation De facto."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 20 Section 3 African Americans Seek Greater Equality African Americans Seek Greater Equality Northern Segregation Northern Segregation De facto segregation exists by practice, custom; problem in North (Segregation still occurs although not permissible by law). De facto segregation exists by practice, custom; problem in North (Segregation still occurs although not permissible by law). De jure segregation is segregation required by law De jure segregation is segregation required by law

2 Chapter 20 Section s, most urban blacks live in slums; landlords ignore ordinances 1960s, most urban blacks live in slums; landlords ignore ordinances Black unemployment twice as high as white Black unemployment twice as high as white Many blacks angry at treatment received from white police officers Many blacks angry at treatment received from white police officers Urban Violence Erupts Urban Violence Erupts

3 Chapter 20 Section 3 Mid-1960s, numerous clashes between white authority, black civilians and many result in riots Mid-1960s, numerous clashes between white authority, black civilians and many result in riots Many whites baffled by African-American rage Many whites baffled by African-American rage Blacks want, need equal opportunity in jobs, housing, education Blacks want, need equal opportunity in jobs, housing, education Money for War on Poverty, Great Society redirected to Vietnam War Money for War on Poverty, Great Society redirected to Vietnam War New Leaders Voice Discontent and African-Americans show Solidarity New Leaders Voice Discontent and African-Americans show Solidarity Nation of Islam, Black Muslims, advocate blacks separate from whites and believe whites are the source of black problems Nation of Islam, Black Muslims, advocate blacks separate from whites and believe whites are the source of black problems Malcolm X—controversial Muslim leader, speaker; gets much publicity, urges blacks to separate from white society Malcolm X—controversial Muslim leader, speaker; gets much publicity, urges blacks to separate from white society He frightens whites, moderate blacks; and is resented by other Black Muslims He frightens whites, moderate blacks; and is resented by other Black Muslims Pilgrimage to Mecca changes Malcolm X’s attitude toward whites Pilgrimage to Mecca changes Malcolm X’s attitude toward whites Malcolm X is killed in 1965 while giving speech Malcolm X is killed in 1965 while giving speech

4 Chapter 20 Section 3 Malcolm X Malcolm X

5 Chapter 20 Section 3 Black Power Black Power CORE, SNCC become more militant; SCLC pursues traditional tactics CORE, SNCC become more militant; SCLC pursues traditional tactics Stokely Carmichael, head of SNCC, calls for Black Power: Stokely Carmichael, head of SNCC, calls for Black Power: African Americans control own lives, communities, without whites African Americans control own lives, communities, without whites

6 Chapter 20 Section 3 Black Panthers Black Panthers Black Panthers fight police brutality, want black self-sufficiency Black Panthers fight police brutality, want black self-sufficiency Preach ideas of Mao Zedong; have violent confrontations with police Preach ideas of Mao Zedong; have violent confrontations with police Provide social services in ghettos, win popular support Provide social services in ghettos, win popular support 1968—A Turning Point in Civil Rights 1968—A Turning Point in Civil Rights King’s Death King’s Death King objects to Black Power movement, preaching of violence King objects to Black Power movement, preaching of violence Seems to sense own death in Memphis speech to striking workers Seems to sense own death in Memphis speech to striking workers Is shot, dies the following day, April 4, 1968 Is shot, dies the following day, April 4, 1968

7 Chapter 20 Section 3 Black Panthers Black Panthers

8 Chapter 20 Section 3 Martin Luther King’s assasination Martin Luther King’s assasination

9 Chapter 20 Section 3 Reactions to King’s Death Reactions to King’s Death King’s death leads to worst urban rioting in U.S. history King’s death leads to worst urban rioting in U.S. history Over 100 cities affected Over 100 cities affected Robert Kennedy assassinated two months later Robert Kennedy assassinated two months later

10 Chapter 20 Section 3 Legacy of the Civil Rights Movement Legacy of the Civil Rights Movement Causes of Violence Causes of Violence Kerner Commission names racism as main cause of urban violence Kerner Commission names racism as main cause of urban violence Civil Rights Gains Civil Rights Gains Civil Rights Act of 1968 prohibits discrimination in housing Civil Rights Act of 1968 prohibits discrimination in housing More black students finish high school, college; get better jobs More black students finish high school, college; get better jobs Greater pride in racial identity leads to Black Studies programs Greater pride in racial identity leads to Black Studies programs

11 Chapter 20 Section 3 More African-American participation in movies, television More African-American participation in movies, television Increased voter registration results in more black elected officials Increased voter registration results in more black elected officials Unfinished Work Unfinished Work Forced busing, higher taxes, militancy, riots reduce white support Forced busing, higher taxes, militancy, riots reduce white support White flight reverses much progress toward school integration White flight reverses much progress toward school integration

12 Chapter 20 Section 3 Unemployment, poverty higher than for whites Unemployment, poverty higher than for whites Affirmative action—extra effort to hire, enroll discriminated groups Affirmative action—extra effort to hire, enroll discriminated groups 1960s, colleges, companies doing government business adopt policy 1960s, colleges, companies doing government business adopt policy Late 1970s, some criticize policy as reverse discrimination Late 1970s, some criticize policy as reverse discrimination

13 Chapter 20 Section 3 Quiz 1.) What is segregation that happens by practice and not by law? a.) De Facto Segregation b.) De Jure Segregation c.) Civil Rights Segregation 2.) Where did a lot of the African Americans live in the ‘60’s? _________________________________________ 3.) What did Civil Rights legislation do for African Americans a.) It reduced the amount of discrimination they had to face b.) It eliminated the amount of discrimination they had to face c.) It did not change the amount of discrimination they had to face 4.) Name a controversial civil rights leader that believed in African Americans separating from the whites? a.) Thurgood Marshall b.) Malcolm X c.) Martin Luther King Jr. 5.) Martin Luther King agreed with Malcolm X? a.) Very True b.) Not True c.) Somewhat true 6.) What year was Malcolm X assassinated? a.) 1965 b.) 1963 c.) ) What was the group called that believed that African Americans should control their own lives, without help? a.) X Generation b.) Black Panthers c.) Black Spiders 8.) Martin Luther King’s assassination was a turning point in the Civil Rights Movement? a.) Very True b.) Somewhat True c.) Not True at all 9.) What did King’s death lead to? a.) The worst rural rioting in U.S. history b.) An end to the Civil Rights movement c.) The worst urban rioting in U.S. history 10.) In how many cities did rioting occur? a.) Over 100 b.) Under 100 c.) Just in the South


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