CAUSEEFFECT Sit-in Movement Worked to end segregation at restaurants. Brought attention to the Civil Rights Movement. Freedom Riders Worked to integrate buses, forced Kennedy to control violence. Children's March King is released from jail and African Americans support Kennedy. March on Washington Led to the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 Selma March Lead to the passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 Watts Riots Broke the Civil Rights Advocates into two groups: Non-Violent & Aggressive King’s Assassination Led to the passage of the 1968 Housing Act.
SNCC: Students formed the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee to organize efforts for desegregation and voter registration throughout the south. Ella Baker led in establishing the SNCC.
Freedom Riders: Student led movement to integrate the busing in the southern states.
Civil Rights Act of 1964: Legislation granted equal access to all citizens in public places.
Voting Rights Act of 1965: Placed the attorney general of the United States in control of state voting polling stations in order to prevent discrimination.
Black Power Movement: the movement emphasized racial pride and the creation of black political and cultural institutions to nurture and promote black collective interests, advance black values.
Malcolm X: was an African- American Muslim minister, & public speaker. To his admirers, he was a courageous advocate for the rights of African Americans his detractors accused him of preaching racism, black supremacy, anti- Semitism, and violence.
Black Panthers: was an African-American revolutionary left-wing organization working for the self-defense for black people. It was active in the United States from the mid-1960s into the 1970s.
LEADER VIEWS Martin Luther King Jr. Malcolm X Non-Violence Self Defense Peaceful Protest Separatism Cooperation with whites and other cultures Being a Victim of the past does not mean you must be one in the present.
LEGACY CIVIL RIGHT LAW PROVISION Civil Rights Act 1957 Created the Civil Rights division of the Department of Justice 24 th Amendment Ended poll taxes Voting Rights Act Authorized the attorney General to send federal examiners to register voters. Civil Rights Act of 1964 Gave the federal government powers to prevent racial discrimination including equal access in the workplace & public areas Civil Rights Act of 1968 Outlawed discrimination in housing