2Problems Facing Urban African Americans Race riots broke out in many cities.Worst riot was in Detroit.Army was sent in w/ tanks & soldiers.Kerner Commission made recommendations that would prevent further riots.Suggested the creation of 2 million jobs in inner cities & 6 million new units of public housing.Johnson didn’t endorse due to massive spending on the Vietnam War.
4The Shift to Economic Rights After criticism for failing to improve the economic condition of A.A., King focused on that.Chicago Movement – called attention to housing conditions.King moved into a slum apt in Chicago
5Economic Rights King led a march through Marquette Park. Mayor Richard Daley protected the marchers and proposed a program to clean up the slums.
6Black PowerAfter 1965, many A.A. turned away from non-violent teachings of King.Stokely Carmichael thought A.A. should control the social, political, & economic direction of their struggle.
7Black PowerBlack Power stressed a pride in A.A. culture & opposed cultural assimilation, or the philosophy of incorporating different racial or cultural groups into the dominant society.Dr. King was critical of black power.
8Malcolm X Symbol of the Black Power movement. Was a member of the Nation of Islam, known as the Black Muslims, who believed that A.A. should separate themselves from whites & form their own self-governing communities.
9Malcolm XMalcolm X broke from the N of I and began to believe an integrated society was possible.1965 – 2 members of the N of I shot him.
10Black PanthersFormation of the Black Panthers was the result of a new generation of militant A.A. leaders preaching black power, black nationalism, and economic self-sufficiency.Believed a revolution was necessary to gain equal rights.Adopted a “Ten Point Program”
11Assassination of MLK, Jr. By the late 1960s, the CRM had split into many competing organizations.The result was no further legislations to help A.A.April 4, 1968 – MLK was shot by a sniper causing mourning and riots in more than 100 cities.