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© 2011 National Safety Council Fires and Burns About 4,200 deaths every year 416,000 injuries lead to emergency department visit Most occur in the home Most fires and burns can be prevented 11-1
© 2011 National Safety Council Functions of Skin Protection from pathogens Fluid retention Temperature regulation Sensation 11-2
© 2011 National Safety Council Layers of Skin 11-3
© 2011 National Safety Council Preventing Sunburn Keep infants under age 1 out of direct sunlight Use sunscreen and lip balm Wear wide-brimmed hat and protective clothing Limit sun exposure between 10 am and 4 pm Be aware of reflective surfaces (water, snow) 11-4
© 2011 National Safety Council Heat Burns Caused by sun, flames, contact with steam or any hot object Severity depends on amount of damage to skin and other tissues 11-5
© 2011 National Safety Council Put Out The Fire Stop, drop and roll Use water on any flames Cool the burned area Remove clothing and jewelry 11-6
© 2011 National Safety Council Assessing a Burn What type of burn? -1 st, 2 nd, 3 rd degree? How extensive? -How much body area? What specific body areas burned? Any special circumstances? 11-7
© 2011 National Safety Council Classification of Burns First-degree -Superficial burn -Damages only outer layer of skin Second-degree -Partial-thickness burn -Damages skin’s deeper layers Third-degree -Full-thickness burn -Damages all layers of skin 11-8
© 2011 National Safety Council
First Degree AMERICAN RED CROSS FIRST AID–RESPONDING TO EMERGENCIES FOURTH EDITION Copyright © 2006 by The American National Red Cross All rights reserved.
© 2011 National Safety Council Second Degree AMERICAN RED CROSS FIRST AID–RESPONDING TO EMERGENCIES FOURTH EDITION Copyright © 2006 by The American National Red Cross All rights reserved.
© 2011 National Safety Council Second and Third Degree
© 2011 National Safety Council Third Degree (full thickness) AMERICAN RED CROSS FIRST AID–RESPONDING TO EMERGENCIES FOURTH EDITION Copyright © 2006 by The American National Red Cross All rights reserved.
© 2011 National Safety Council Assessing Burn Size and Severity Rule of Nines Each arm 9% (4.5 front/back) Each leg 18% (9 front/back) Torso-front 18%(9 chest/ab) Torso-back 18% (9 lower/upper) Head 9% (4.5 front/back) Genital region 1% 11-14
© 2011 National Safety Council Call 9-1-1 Any 3 rd degree burn larger than a 50 cent piece Any 2 nd degree burn more than 10% of body in adult (5% in child or older adult) 2 nd or 3 rd degree burn on face, genitals, hands or feet Circumferential burns Burns around nose and mouth Victims with chronic health disorders 11-15
© 2011 National Safety Council First Aid for First-Degree Burns 1.Stop the burning. 2.Cool burned area with cold running tap water. 3.Remove constricting items. 4.Protect burn. 11-16
© 2011 National Safety Council First Aid for Second-Degree Burns 1.Stop the burning. 2.Cool burned area with cold running tap water. 3.For large burns call 9-1-1. 4.Remove constricting items. 5.Apply loose non-stick dressing over area. 11-17
© 2011 National Safety Council First Aid for Third-Degree Burns 1.Stop the burning 2.Cool surrounding areas with cold water (but not more than 20% of the body or 10% for child) 3.Remove constricting items 4.Call 9-1-1 5.Treat shock 6.Apply non-stick dressing to area 11-18
© 2011 National Safety Council Smoke Inhalation Any victim in fire could have airway or lung injuries from smoke inhalation Airway may swell and make breathing difficult Damage to alveoli may affect ability to receive oxygen Symptoms may not be obvious for up to 48 hours after exposure 11-19
© 2011 National Safety Council Chemical Burns Strong chemicals can burn skin on contact Sometimes burns develop slowly Acids, alkalis, liquids and solids can cause burns Flush substance off skin with water as soon as possible 11-20
© 2011 National Safety Council First Aid for Chemical Burns 1.Send someone to check the Material Safety Data Sheet for the chemical 2.Move victim to avoid fumes 3.Brush off dry chemical from skin 11-21
© 2011 National Safety Council First Aid for Chemical Burns continued 4.Remove clothing and jewelry from burn area while flushing with water 5.Flush entire area quickly with large amounts of running water until EMS personnel arrive 6.Call 9-1-1 11-22
© 2011 National Safety Council Flush eye immediately with water until EMS personnel arrive Have victim remove contact lens Tilt victim’s head so water runs away from other eye 11-23 First Aid for Chemical Burns continued
© 2011 National Safety Council Electrical Burns and Shocks Occurs when body contacts electricity Typical injuries occur with faulty appliances or power cords or appliance in contact with water 11-24
© 2011 National Safety Council Injuries from Electricity External injuries may include entrance and exit wounds Internal injures caused by electricity flowing through body -Heart rhythm irregularities -Cardiac arrest 11-25
© 2011 National Safety Council First Aid for Electrical Burns 1.Do not touch victim until it is safe. Unplug or turn off the power 2.Call 9-1-1 3.Give BLS to unresponsive victim 4.Care for burn 5.Treat for shock 11-26
First Aid Burns. Burns Classified as either Thermal (Heat) Chemical Electrical.
BURNS. Burns are a special type of soft tissue injury Burns can damage one or more layers of skin and the layers of fat, muscle and bone beneath.
Burns PAGES LEQ: HOW DOES THE TYPE OF BURN DETERMINE THE TYPE OF TREATMENT PROVIDED?
Chapter 11 Burns. An estimated 2 million burn injuries occur each year in the United States, resulting in 75,000 hospitalization and more than 3000 deaths.
Burns By: Vera Ware. Burns A burn is damage to your body's tissues caused by heat, chemicals, electricity, sunlight or radiation. Scalds from hot liquids.
Burns Aaron J. Katz, AEMT-P, CIC
BURNS Incidence and Causes 8,000-10,00 burns per year in the U.S.A % occur in homes Major causes: flames, scalds, heat, chemicals and electricity.
1 Burns Pakistan ICITAP. Learning Objectives Understand different types of burns Learn to identify degrees of burns Know First Aid treatment for burns.
Injuries Injuries are one of our nation’s most important health problems 5 leading causes of injury-related death are – – Motor Vehicle crashes – Falls.
Lesson 10: Burns Emergency Reference Guide p
1 u Burn.Emergencies OBJECTIVE 2 OBJECTIVE 2 u RELIEVE PAIN AND PREVENT ADDITIONAL CONTAMINATION TREAT FOR SHOCK.
First Aid. -Emergency medical care for someone who has been hurt or sick Knowing first aid and acting quickly can save someone’s life.
First Aid for Divers Burns 1 FAD 09 v1.3 Copyright © BSAC 2009 Burns.
Burns -are injuries to the skin, soft tissue, and bone - destroys top, middle, and bottom layers of skin.
BURNS. Types of burns Depths of burns Extent of burns General Treatment Others Airway burns Electrical burns Chemical splashes to eyes.
Know the types and the treatments. Objective To know the different types of burns and appropriate treatment procedures SAFETY SCHOOL > Information provided.
BURN & SCALD. BURN –Dry burn is the tissue damage by dry heat of –Open flame, –Hot object, –Molten metal –Electricity –Friction with rapid moving Machine,
Chapter 12 Soft Tissue Injuries Burns. 2 million/year (reported) ~ 12,000 die annually Almost 1 million require long term hospitalization Children under.
BURNS. War Wounds – Blast, Burn, Fragmentation.
Burns. Burns to the skin can occur in many ways. Burns can be caused by: 1. Heat – A)dry heat ( fire) or heated objects B) moist heat such as steam or.
Objective- To learn how to handle emergency situations with children with confidence.
First Aid and CPR Chapter 10 Notes Soft Tissue Injuries.
INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM Burn Injuries Rule of Nines.
Lab Safety Rules. Safety Symbols Know safety symbols They appear in your laboratory activities They will alert you to possible dangers They will remind.
First Aid for Common Emergencies. LEQ… How can I help someone who has a sprain, bruise or broken bone?
FIRST AID. Steps to Take in an Emergency If an emergency has occurred, call 911 or the emergency number in your area, or get someone else to do it. Knowing.
Chapter 8 Burns. Types of Burns Thermal (heat) burns Chemical burns Electrical burns.
Providing First Aid Health Chapter 28. Responding to an Emergency Check, Call and Care Check: Check the scene for danger. Be alert of spilled chemicals,
EMS Assessment and Initial Care of Burn Patients Guidelines from the American College of Surgeons and American Burn Association By Joe Lewis, M.D.
… DISCO INFERNO Freddie Stevens. Just to get us up to temperature! How would you treat a partial thickness burn on a patients forearm as the result of.
© 2011 National Safety Council BONE, JOINT AND MUSCLE INJURIES LESSON
Burns Degree of Burns 1 st superficial partial-thickness burn 2 nd deep partial- thickness burn 3 rd full-thickness burn.
Unit B: Safety in Agricultural Mechanics
Combat Life Saver Lesson 11 GIVE FIRST AID FOR BURNS Compiled and edited by, 2LT John C. Miller, PA-C.
Division of Risk Management State of Florida Loss Prevention Program.
A physical injury that somehow causes a break in the layers of the skin Two types: Open and Closed.
Scald Prevention American Burn Association Burn Prevention Committee.
BURNS Dr. Maria Auron, Ilembula BURNS Injury to tissues caused by heat, electricity, chemicals, radiation Thermal burns scalds (liquid), contact.
Visual 4.1 Disaster Medical Operations Part 2 Topics: Public health concerns Organization of disaster medical operations Establishing treatment areas.
First Aid Notes. Definitions First aid – primary care for a suddenly wounded or ill person or animal. Challenge definition – immediate, temporary care.
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Chapter 19 Soft-Tissue Injuries. Chapter 19: Soft-Tissue Injuries 2 Anatomy of the Skin.
First Aid. Wounds and Bleeding 1. A wound is a break in the soft tissue of the body.
Soft tissue injuries Chapter layers of the skin 1. Epidermis-outer layer that is a barrier to infection ”Superficial” 2. Dermis- middle layer that.
First Aid for Burns Click to Begin. First Aid for Burns Click to Continue.
National Ski Patrol, Outdoor Emergency Care, 5/e ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ BRADY Burns Chapter 19.
© BLR ® —Business & Legal Resources 1606 Basic First Aid for Medical Emergencies.
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First Aid: Burns, Open Wounds and More. Terms to Know Burns Bruises Closed Wounds Open Wounds Abrasions Lacerations Punctures Avulsions.
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