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Psychological Therapy. Two types of therapy Psychotherapy Talk therapy with a mental health professional Insight therapists Main goal is helping people.

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Presentation on theme: "Psychological Therapy. Two types of therapy Psychotherapy Talk therapy with a mental health professional Insight therapists Main goal is helping people."— Presentation transcript:

1 Psychological Therapy

2 Two types of therapy Psychotherapy Talk therapy with a mental health professional Insight therapists Main goal is helping people gain insight with respect to their behavior, thoughts and feelings Action therapists Main goal is to change disordered or inappropriate behavior

3 History First “mental health hospital” Bethlehem Hospital in London, known as Bedlam Blood letting Beatings Ice baths Induced vomiting 1793 began “moral treatment”

4 Psychotherapy Talking things out with a professional Psychoanalysis Insight therapy based on Freud's theory Dream interpretation Free Association

5 Interpersonal Psychotherapy Multiple approaches Insight Pulls together Humanistic Cognitive Behavioral Focus is on interpersonal problems Depression Relationships with others Events of everyday life

6 Humanistic Therapy Carl Rogers Client or person Centered Therapy Client does the talking, therapist listens Shows the client unconditional positive regard Non directive Reflective Empathy Authenticity

7 Gestalt Therapy Directive insight therapy Client works through accepting all parts of their feelings and subjective experiences Use leading questions Role playing

8 Behavior Therapy Action based treatment Classical and Operant Conditioning We Learn our abnormal behaviors And we can unlearn them Systemic Desensitization Therapist guides client through a series of steps Relaxes client in front of feared object Aversion Therapy Undesirable behavior is paired with an unpleasant stimulus

9 Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Helps clients change their way of thinking Makes clients test their thoughts and feelings Focus is on the present and observations of the world and those around them Overgeneralization Selective thinking Overgeneralization Magnification or minimization

10 Goals of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Relieve the symptoms and resolve the problem Develop strategies to cope in the future Change way of thinking

11 Group Therapies Can use any of the listed treatments in a session Family Self Help Addiction treatment

12 How Effective is Therapy Percent of people feel that psychotherapy has helped Barriers Cultural


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