Presentation on theme: "Chapter 17: Therapy. the treatment of disease or disorders, as by some remedial, rehabilitating or curative process a curative power or quality any act,"— Presentation transcript:
according to Freud, the patient‘s free associations, resistances, dreams and transferences—and the therapist’s interpretations of them—release previously repressed feelings, allowing the patient to gain self-insight therapists try to bring the patient’s repressed feelings to conscious awareness so the patients can “deal” with them
resistance- blocking from consciousness of anxiety-laden material interpretation- analyst’s noting supposed dream meanings, resistances, and other significant behaviors and events in order to promote insight transference- patient’s transfer to the analyst of emotions linked with other relationships
try to understand current symptoms by focusing on themes across relationships goal is relief of present symptoms
client-centered therapy (Carl Rogers)- focuses on the person’s self-perceptions; therapist uses techniques like active listening in an accepting environment active listening- empathic listening in which the therapist echoes, restates, and clarifies
applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted/troubling behaviors
counterconditioning- procedure that conditions new responses to stimuli that trigger unwanted behaviors exposure therapies: behavioral techniques (like systematic desensitization) that treat anxieties by exposing people to the things they fear and avoid systematic desensitization aversive conditioning: associates an unpleasant state with an unwanted behavior
behavior modification: reinforce desired behaviors and withhold reinforcement for undesired behaviors Criticisms: 1. What happens when the reinforcement stops? 2. Is it right for one human to control another’s behaviors?
psychopharmacology- study of the effects of drugs on mind and behavior Progress in this area has enabled many to leave hospitals and live on their own.
chlorpromazine (Thorazine), clozapine (Clozaril) “dampen responsiveness to irrelevant stimuli” can produce severe side effects dosage levels vary from person to person
Xanax; Ativan depress central nervous system activity criticisms: don‘t resolve underlying problems can produce dependence
fluoxetine (Prozac); Zoloft; Paxil increases the availability of norepinephrine or serotonin and sometimes block the reuptake process pairing drugs with exercise or drugs with cognitive therapy can be effective