Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

By: Walter C. Brown and Daniel P. Dorfmueller By: Walter C. Brown and Daniel P. Dorfmueller PowerPoint By: Daniel P. Dorfmueller PowerPoint By: Daniel.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "By: Walter C. Brown and Daniel P. Dorfmueller By: Walter C. Brown and Daniel P. Dorfmueller PowerPoint By: Daniel P. Dorfmueller PowerPoint By: Daniel."— Presentation transcript:

1 By: Walter C. Brown and Daniel P. Dorfmueller By: Walter C. Brown and Daniel P. Dorfmueller PowerPoint By: Daniel P. Dorfmueller PowerPoint By: Daniel P. Dorfmueller Copyright 2005 by The Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc.

2 Section 4 Reading Prints Section 4 Reading Prints

3 Unit 13 Residential Framing Prints  List the differences between heavy framing and light framing.  Recognize the construction of various floor, roof, and wall framing systems.  Read framing drawings.  List the differences between heavy framing and light framing.  Recognize the construction of various floor, roof, and wall framing systems.  Read framing drawings. Learning Objectives

4  Explain the differences between platform, balloon, and plank-and-beam framing.  Understand stair details and terms.  Recognize metal framing systems.  Explain the differences between platform, balloon, and plank-and-beam framing.  Understand stair details and terms.  Recognize metal framing systems. Learning Objectives (continued) Unit 13 Residential Framing Prints

5 Wood Framing  Widely-used  Affordable  Durable  Dependable  Flexible construction methods  Widely-known framing methods  Widely-used  Affordable  Durable  Dependable  Flexible construction methods  Widely-known framing methods

6 Wood Framing

7

8 Floor Framing Components Sill Plates Attached to the top surface of the foundation wall. Header Nailed to the top of the sill plate. Joists Floor support beams. Subfloor Covers the joists. Typically plywood, but may sometimes be lumber. Sill Plates Attached to the top surface of the foundation wall. Header Nailed to the top of the sill plate. Joists Floor support beams. Subfloor Covers the joists. Typically plywood, but may sometimes be lumber.

9 Double Header Used when a framing pattern is disrupted, typically by an opening. Double Trimmer Two joists nailed together next to an opening. Tail Joist Runs between the double header and sill plate. Ledger A small piece of lumber nailed to the bottom edge of a double header. Double Header Used when a framing pattern is disrupted, typically by an opening. Double Trimmer Two joists nailed together next to an opening. Tail Joist Runs between the double header and sill plate. Ledger A small piece of lumber nailed to the bottom edge of a double header. Floor Framing Components

10 Bridging Small member between joists to provide lateral support. Floor Framing Shown on the floor plan. 2 x 12 Joists @ 16" O.C. Bridging Small member between joists to provide lateral support. Floor Framing Shown on the floor plan. 2 x 12 Joists @ 16" O.C. Joist Size Spacing Floor Framing Components

11 Framing a Platform Floor

12 Floor Framing Members

13 Dimensioning  Exterior Walls Dimensions are given to the outside edge of the studs.  Interior Walls Dimensions are given to the centerline of the studs. Check drawings carefully to verify the dimensioning practice used on any given set of plans.  Exterior Walls Dimensions are given to the outside edge of the studs.  Interior Walls Dimensions are given to the centerline of the studs. Check drawings carefully to verify the dimensioning practice used on any given set of plans.

14 Framing of a Cantilevered Floor

15 Floor Framing Plan

16 Types of Wall Frames Platform Framing  Also known as Western framing.  The first floor is built on top of the foundation.  First-floor wall sections are raised.  A second-floor platform is built on top of the first-floor walls.  The second-floor walls are raised. Platform Framing  Also known as Western framing.  The first floor is built on top of the foundation.  First-floor wall sections are raised.  A second-floor platform is built on top of the first-floor walls.  The second-floor walls are raised.

17 Platform Framing

18 Balloon Framing  The studs extend from the first floor sill plate to the top plate of the highest floor.  Ribbons are used to support joists on the second floor.  Reduces lumber shrinkage in masonry and stucco structures.  Walls act as flues in spreading fire from floor to floor. Balloon Framing  The studs extend from the first floor sill plate to the top plate of the highest floor.  Ribbons are used to support joists on the second floor.  Reduces lumber shrinkage in masonry and stucco structures.  Walls act as flues in spreading fire from floor to floor. Types of Wall Frames

19 Balloon Framing

20 Plank-and-Beam Framing  Heavy timber material for posts in wall sections.  2" thick plank material supporting floor and roof sections.  Structural members are placed at wider intervals.  Allows interesting architectural and decorative effects. Plank-and-Beam Framing  Heavy timber material for posts in wall sections.  2" thick plank material supporting floor and roof sections.  Structural members are placed at wider intervals.  Allows interesting architectural and decorative effects. Types of Wall Frames

21 Stud Wall Framing

22 Loadbearing Partitions

23 Wall Section

24 Roof Styles

25 Sectional View

26 Roof Frames Roof Truss  A prefabricated member to span the roof. Rafter  Angled members supporting the roof.  Typically 2 x 6, 2 x 8, or 2 x 10 members. Ridge  Horizontal member at the peak of a roof. Roof Truss  A prefabricated member to span the roof. Rafter  Angled members supporting the roof.  Typically 2 x 6, 2 x 8, or 2 x 10 members. Ridge  Horizontal member at the peak of a roof.

27 Collar Beam  A horizontal member that ties the rafters together. Rise  The vertical distance between the top plate and ridge board. Run  The horizontal distance from the wall supporting the bottom of the rafter to the ridge board. Collar Beam  A horizontal member that ties the rafters together. Rise  The vertical distance between the top plate and ridge board. Run  The horizontal distance from the wall supporting the bottom of the rafter to the ridge board. Roof Frames

28 Span  The distance between the walls supporting the rafters. Bird’s Mouth  A cutout so the rafter fits flat on top plate of stud wall. Common Rafters  Run at right angles from the wall plate to the ridge. Span  The distance between the walls supporting the rafters. Bird’s Mouth  A cutout so the rafter fits flat on top plate of stud wall. Common Rafters  Run at right angles from the wall plate to the ridge. Roof Frames

29 Hip Rafter  Extends from an outside corner to the ridge board, usually at a 45º angle. Valley Rafter  Extends from an inside corner to the ridge board, usually at a 45º angle. Hip Rafter  Extends from an outside corner to the ridge board, usually at a 45º angle. Valley Rafter  Extends from an inside corner to the ridge board, usually at a 45º angle. Roof Frames

30 Jack Rafters  Do not extend to the ridge board.  Hip jacks extend from the top plate to a hip rafter.  Valley jacks extend from the top plate to a valley rafter.  Cripple jacks extend between valley and hip rafters. Purlin  A horizontal member laid over a truss.  Supports long rafters or a break in gambrel roof rafters. Jack Rafters  Do not extend to the ridge board.  Hip jacks extend from the top plate to a hip rafter.  Valley jacks extend from the top plate to a valley rafter.  Cripple jacks extend between valley and hip rafters. Purlin  A horizontal member laid over a truss.  Supports long rafters or a break in gambrel roof rafters. Roof Frames

31 Roof Framing Plan

32 Roof or Truss Framing

33 Types of Rafters

34 Stair Frames Stringer  The angled member running between lower and upper levels.  Supports the stairs.  Typically 2 x 8, 2 x 10, or 2 x 12. Tread  Member that forms the “step.”  Tread width is the distance between front or back of adjacent stairs. Stringer  The angled member running between lower and upper levels.  Supports the stairs.  Typically 2 x 8, 2 x 10, or 2 x 12. Tread  Member that forms the “step.”  Tread width is the distance between front or back of adjacent stairs.

35 Stair Frames NOTE: There is always one more riser than the number of treads. Riser  Vertical member that provides change in elevation between two adjacent stairs. Run  Total horizontal length of the stairway. Rise  The vertical distance between floors. Riser  Vertical member that provides change in elevation between two adjacent stairs. Run  Total horizontal length of the stairway. Rise  The vertical distance between floors.

36 Stair Section riser tread stringer rise run ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Identify each of the stair components indicated.

37 Stair Style Layouts

38 Metal Framing

39

40 Test Your Knowledge Take 15 minutes to complete the Test Your Knowledge questions on pages 194–197 of the text.

41 Test Your Knowledge Answers 1. B. It protects well against fire. 2. D. Sill plate 3. C. Header 4. A. Collar beam 5. D. a stair tread 6. False 7. True 8. True 9. True 10. False 1. B. It protects well against fire. 2. D. Sill plate 3. C. Header 4. A. Collar beam 5. D. a stair tread 6. False 7. True 8. True 9. True 10. False

42 Test Your Knowledge Answers 11. A. Stringer B. Tread C. Riser 12. A. Common rafter B. Ridge C. Hip jack D. Hip E. Cripple jack F. Valley rafter G. Valley jack H. Gable 11. A. Stringer B. Tread C. Riser 12. A. Common rafter B. Ridge C. Hip jack D. Hip E. Cripple jack F. Valley rafter G. Valley jack H. Gable

43 Test Your Knowledge Answers 13. A. Stud B. Joist C. Subfloor D. Double top plate E. Base plate F. Header G. Anchor bolt H. Sill 14. Platform framing 13. A. Stud B. Joist C. Subfloor D. Double top plate E. Base plate F. Header G. Anchor bolt H. Sill 14. Platform framing

44 Activity 13-1 Wood Framing Prints Take 20 minutes to complete Activity 13-1 on pages 198–200 of the text. Refer to large prints 13-1a through 13-1d.

45 Activity 13-1 Wood Framing Prints Answers 1.Floor ¼" = 1'-0" Floor (ceiling) framing plan 1/8" = 1'-0" 2.4" 3.(2) 7" deep, 15.3# PLF 4.Plate: 2 x 6, Sill: 2 x 6 5.Length: 56'-0", Width: 44'-0" 6.Size is 2 x 10. They are butted over the beam. 7.Double joists 8.6'-8" x 1'-2" 1.Floor ¼" = 1'-0" Floor (ceiling) framing plan 1/8" = 1'-0" 2.4" 3.(2) 7" deep, 15.3# PLF 4.Plate: 2 x 6, Sill: 2 x 6 5.Length: 56'-0", Width: 44'-0" 6.Size is 2 x 10. They are butted over the beam. 7.Double joists 8.6'-8" x 1'-2"

46 9. One row 1 x 3 bridging in each span w/2 x 4 blocking at 32" o/c at the ends of the house. 10. 6'-0" 11. 25'-10" 12. Openings: 8'-8 ¾" x 3'-4 ¼" Carriage: 2 x 12 Header: 2 x 8 Kickplate: 2 x 4 Riser: 13 @ 8" Treads: 12 @ 9" 9. One row 1 x 3 bridging in each span w/2 x 4 blocking at 32" o/c at the ends of the house. 10. 6'-0" 11. 25'-10" 12. Openings: 8'-8 ¾" x 3'-4 ¼" Carriage: 2 x 12 Header: 2 x 8 Kickplate: 2 x 4 Riser: 13 @ 8" Treads: 12 @ 9" Activity 13-1 Wood Framing Prints Answers

47 13. Partial building section 14. 2 x 4 @ 16" o/c 15. Garage door: (2) 2 x 12 Windows: (2) 2 x 12 Front stoop: (2) 2 x 6 16. 3 17. 9'-0" x 7'-0" 18. (2) 2 x 12 13. Partial building section 14. 2 x 4 @ 16" o/c 15. Garage door: (2) 2 x 12 Windows: (2) 2 x 12 Front stoop: (2) 2 x 6 16. 3 17. 9'-0" x 7'-0" 18. (2) 2 x 12 Activity 13-1 Wood Framing Prints Answers

48 19. Sheathing: ⅜" plywood Roofing: Shake-type asphalt shingles over felt building paper. 20. Common rafter: 2 x 6 Valley rafter: 2 x 8 Collar: 1 x 6 Ridge board: 2 x 8 19. Sheathing: ⅜" plywood Roofing: Shake-type asphalt shingles over felt building paper. 20. Common rafter: 2 x 6 Valley rafter: 2 x 8 Collar: 1 x 6 Ridge board: 2 x 8 Activity 13-1 Wood Framing Prints Answers

49 Activity 13-2 Wood Framing Prints Take 20 minutes to complete Activity 13-2 on pages 201 and 202 of the text. Refer to large prints 13-2a through 13-2d.

50 Activity 13-2 Wood Framing Prints Answers 1. 2 x 10 2. W8 x 15 3. 2 x 8 @ 12" o/c 4. 2 x 12 5. 7 7/8" 6. 2 x 6 @ 16" o/c 7. 2 x 8 8. 3" dia 9. 2 x 12 10. 2 x 6 @ 16" o/c 1. 2 x 10 2. W8 x 15 3. 2 x 8 @ 12" o/c 4. 2 x 12 5. 7 7/8" 6. 2 x 6 @ 16" o/c 7. 2 x 8 8. 3" dia 9. 2 x 12 10. 2 x 6 @ 16" o/c

51 11. 2 x 8 @ 12" o/c and 2 x 10 @ 16" o/c 12. 3 – 1 ¾ x 11 ⅞" microbeam 13. 7:12 14. 2'-0" 15. Shake shingles over ½" P.W SHTING 11. 2 x 8 @ 12" o/c and 2 x 10 @ 16" o/c 12. 3 – 1 ¾ x 11 ⅞" microbeam 13. 7:12 14. 2'-0" 15. Shake shingles over ½" P.W SHTING Activity 13-2 Wood Framing Prints Answers

52 END OF UNIT 13 Residential Framing Prints


Download ppt "By: Walter C. Brown and Daniel P. Dorfmueller By: Walter C. Brown and Daniel P. Dorfmueller PowerPoint By: Daniel P. Dorfmueller PowerPoint By: Daniel."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google