3Unit 13 Residential Framing Prints Learning ObjectivesList the differences between heavy framing and light framing.Recognize the construction of various floor, roof, and wall framing systems.Read framing drawings.Learning Objectives are listed on page 181 of the text.
4Unit 13 Residential Framing Prints Learning Objectives (continued)Explain the differences between platform, balloon, and plank-and-beam framing.Understand stair details and terms.Recognize metal framing systems.
5Wood Framing Widely-used Affordable Durable Dependable Flexible construction methodsWidely-known framing methodsDiscussed on page 182 of the text.
6Wood FramingImage may be found on page 181 of the text.
8Floor Framing Components Sill PlatesAttached to the top surface of the foundation wall.HeaderNailed to the top of the sill plate.JoistsFloor support beams.SubfloorCovers the joists.Typically plywood, but may sometimes be lumber.Presented on page 182 of the text.
9Floor Framing Components Double HeaderUsed when a framing pattern is disrupted, typically by an opening.Double TrimmerTwo joists nailed together next to an opening.Tail JoistRuns between the double header and sill plate.LedgerA small piece of lumber nailed to the bottom edge of a double header.Discussed on pages 182 and 183 of the text.
10Floor Framing Components BridgingSmall member between joists to provide lateral support.Floor FramingShown on the floor plan.2 x 12 16" O.C.Presented on page 183 of the text.Joist SizeSpacing
11Framing a Platform Floor Illustration may be found on page 182 of the text.
12Floor Framing MembersIllustration may be found on page 183 of the text.
13Dimensioning Exterior Walls Interior Walls Dimensions are given to the outside edge of the studs.Interior WallsDimensions are given to the centerline of the studs.Check drawings carefully to verify the dimensioning practice used on any given set of plans.Discussed on page 183 of the text.
14Framing of a Cantilevered Floor Illustration may be found on page 185 of the text.
15Floor Framing PlanIllustration may be found on page 184 of the text.
16Types of Wall Frames Platform Framing Also known as Western framing. The first floor is built on top of the foundation.First-floor wall sections are raised.A second-floor platform is built on top of the first-floor walls.The second-floor walls are raised.Introduced on page 185 of the text.
17Platform FramingIllustration may be found on page 186 of the text.
18Types of Wall Frames Balloon Framing The studs extend from the first floor sill plate to the top plate of the highest floor.Ribbons are used to support joists on the second floor.Reduces lumber shrinkage in masonry and stucco structures.Walls act as flues in spreading fire from floor to floor.Discussed on page 186 of the text.
19Balloon FramingIllustration may be found on page 186 of the text.
20Types of Wall Frames Plank-and-Beam Framing Heavy timber material for posts in wall sections.2" thick plank material supporting floor and roof sections.Structural members are placed at wider intervals.Allows interesting architectural and decorative effects.Discussed on page 186 of the text.
21Stud Wall FramingIllustration may be found on page 187 of the text.
22Loadbearing Partitions Illustration may be found on page 188 of the text.
23Wall SectionIllustration may be found on page 93 of the text.
24Roof StylesIllustrations may be found on page 190 of the text.
25Sectional ViewIllustration may be found on page 189 of the text.
26Roof Frames Roof Truss Rafter Ridge A prefabricated member to span the roof.RafterAngled members supporting the roof.Typically 2 x 6, 2 x 8, or 2 x 10 members.RidgeHorizontal member at the peak of a roof.Introduced on page 188 of the text.
27Roof Frames Collar Beam Rise Run A horizontal member that ties the rafters together.RiseThe vertical distance between the top plate and ridge board.RunThe horizontal distance from the wall supporting the bottom of the rafter to the ridge board.Presented on page 188 of the text.
28Roof Frames Span Bird’s Mouth Common Rafters The distance between the walls supporting the rafters.Bird’s MouthA cutout so the rafter fits flat on top plate of stud wall.Common RaftersRun at right angles from the wall plate to the ridge.Discussed on pages 188 and 190 of the text.
29Roof FramesHip RafterExtends from an outside corner to the ridge board, usually at a 45º angle.Valley RafterExtends from an inside corner to the ridge board, usually at a 45º angle.Discussed on page 190 of the text.
30Roof Frames Jack Rafters Purlin Do not extend to the ridge board. Hip jacks extend from the top plate to a hip rafter.Valley jacks extend from the top plate to a valley rafter.Cripple jacks extend between valley and hip rafters.PurlinA horizontal member laid over a truss.Supports long rafters or a break in gambrel roof rafters.Discussed on page 190 of the text.
31Roof Framing PlanIllustration may be found on page 190 of the text.
32Roof or Truss FramingIllustration may be found on page 191 of the text.
33Types of RaftersIllustration may be found on page 191 of the text.
34Stair Frames Stringer Tread The angled member running between lower and upper levels.Supports the stairs.Typically 2 x 8, 2 x 10, or 2 x 12.TreadMember that forms the “step.”Tread width is the distance between front or back of adjacent stairs.Introduced on page 190 of the text.
35Stair Frames Riser Run Rise Vertical member that provides change in elevation between two adjacent stairs.RunTotal horizontal length of the stairway.RiseThe vertical distance between floors.Presented on page 191 and 192 of the text.NOTE: There is always one more riser than the number of treads.
36Identify each of the stair components indicated. Stair SectionIdentify each of the stair components indicated.riser?tread?rise?Illustration may be found on page 192 of the text.?stringerrun?
37Stair Style LayoutsIllustration may be found on page 192 of the text.
38Metal FramingIllustrations may be found on page 193 of the text.
39Metal FramingIllustrations may be found on page 193 of the text.
40Test Your KnowledgeTake 15 minutes to complete the Test Your Knowledge questions on pages 194–197 of the text.
41Test Your Knowledge Answers B. It protects well against fire.D. Sill plateC. HeaderA. Collar beamD. a stair treadFalseTrue
42Test Your Knowledge Answers A. StringerB. TreadC. RiserA. Common rafterB. RidgeC. Hip jackD. HipE. Cripple jackF. Valley rafterG. Valley jackH. Gable
43Test Your Knowledge Answers A. StudB. JoistC. SubfloorD. Double top plateE. Base plateF. HeaderG. Anchor boltH. SillPlatform framing
44Activity 13-1 Wood Framing Prints Take 20 minutes to complete Activity 13-1 on pages 198–200 of the text. Refer to large prints 13-1a through 13-1d.
45Activity 13-1 Wood Framing Prints Answers Floor ¼" = 1'-0"Floor (ceiling) framing plan 1/8" = 1'-0"4"(2) 7" deep, 15.3# PLFPlate: 2 x 6, Sill: 2 x 6Length: 56'-0", Width: 44'-0"Size is 2 x 10. They are butted over the beam.Double joists6'-8" x 1'-2"
46Activity 13-1 Wood Framing Prints Answers One row 1 x 3 bridging in each spanw/2 x 4 blocking at 32" o/c at the endsof the house.6'-0"25'-10"Openings: 8'-8 ¾" x 3'-4 ¼"Carriage: 2 x 12Header: 2 x 8Kickplate: 2 x 4Riser: 8"Treads: 9"
47Activity 13-1 Wood Framing Prints Answers Partial building section2 x 16" o/cGarage door: (2) 2 x 12Windows: (2) 2 x 12Front stoop: (2) 2 x 639'-0" x 7'-0"(2) 2 x 12
48Activity 13-1 Wood Framing Prints Answers Sheathing: ⅜" plywoodRoofing: Shake-type asphalt shingles over felt building paper.Common rafter: 2 x 6Valley rafter: 2 x 8Collar: 1 x 6Ridge board: 2 x 8
49Activity 13-2 Wood Framing Prints Take 20 minutes to complete Activity 13-2 on pages 201 and 202 of the text. Refer to large prints 13-2a through 13-2d.
50Activity 13-2 Wood Framing Prints Answers 2 x 10W8 x 152 x 12" o/c2 x 127 7/8"2 x 16" o/c2 x 83" dia
51Activity 13-2 Wood Framing Prints Answers 2 x 12" o/c and 2 x 16" o/c3 – 1 ¾ x 11 ⅞" microbeam7:122'-0"Shake shingles over ½" P.WSHTING