Floor Joists Joists are horizontal structural members used to carry the floor and ceiling loads.
Subfloor The structural floor joined to the joists supports the finish flooring.
Walls Stud: The vertical framing member in frame wall construction. The walls shown are made up of wood 2x4s spaced at 16 in. on center.
Top Plate A horizontal structure member located on top of the studs used to hold the wall together.
Sole Plate (Sill Plate) A horizontal structure member located at the bottom the studs used to hold the wall together. A sole plate also provides a surface for attaching the wall to its supporting structure.
Window Opening Header: A horizontal structural member used to support other structural members over openings, such as doors and windows. Sill: A horizontal wood member placed at the bottom of walls and openings in walls.
Roof Trusses Truss: An assembly of structural members joined to form a rigid framework, usually connected to form triangles.
Insulation Material used to restrict the flow of heat or sound from one surface to another.
Sheathing A covering placed over exterior studs or rafters that serves as a base below the exterior finish materials.
Vapor Barrier Engineered materials designed to keep out liquid water and prevent air infiltration while allowing water vapor to escape from inside the home.
Siding Material, such as boards or shingles, used for surfacing the outside walls of a frame building. Other examples include plywood, hardboard, plastic, vinyl, stucco, brick, or stone.
Underlayment Roof Felt: A tar- impregnated paper used for water protection under roofing materials.
Asphalt Shingles Roof shingles made of asphalt-saturated felt and covered with mineral granules.