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Gable Roof BCGCA3007B. Gable Roof Flush with no eaves Flush with raked eaves Boxed.

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Presentation on theme: "Gable Roof BCGCA3007B. Gable Roof Flush with no eaves Flush with raked eaves Boxed."— Presentation transcript:

1 Gable Roof BCGCA3007B

2 Gable Roof Flush with no eaves Flush with raked eaves Boxed

3 Flush Gable (No Eaves) Rafter finishes in line with end wall Barge fixed to outside wall No Overhang Studwork to take sheeting or support brickwork Not required to support roof

4 Flush Gable with Raked Eaves Roof Extends to Form eave Ridge Extends to Form Eave Verge Trimmers to Support Gable Rafter Second Rafter to Support Verge Trims Trimmers to Support Verge Trims and Roof Battens Gable Stud supports 1.Second Rafter 2.Brick Work or Wall Lining Top Plate may be extended to support Rafter

5 Boxed Gable Purlin & Lintel Extended to Support Verge Rafter Minimum Back span 2 x Overhang Design 3 x Overhang Verge Rafter Gable Studs & Sheeting Base of Gable Lined & Level with U/S of Eaves

6 Verges Is the Junction of the Roof and the Barge/Verge Board Verge Detail for Tiled Roof

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8 Principles of Roofing 1.Ridges are Level 2.Rafters run at 90 3.Hips & Valleys bisect all internal & external Corners 4.Roof members are set out along centerlines

9 Roofing Members Common Rafter Ridge Collar Tie Purlin Strut Ceiling Joist Top Plate Strutting Beam Hanging Beam

10 Roof Members Common Rafter – Main Sloping Roof Member Spacing 450mm or 600mm for Tiled Roofs 900mm for tiled roofs Supports Roof Battens which in turn support roof coverings Must be in single lengths or joined over supports Fixings 2 x 75mm Skew & 2 x 75mm into Ceiling Joist (if joist is > 38, 90mm Nails)

11 Roofing Members Common Rafter Ridge Collar Tie Purlin Strut Ceiling Joist Top Plate Strutting Beam Hanging Beam

12 Ridge Highest Part of the Roof Will run full length of Gable Roof Runs Parallel to TOP PLATE Fixes Rafters at Top of Roof Rafters are nailed either side and not offset by more than 1 thickness In Uncoupled Roof, they act as beams Nailed to Rafters with 2 x 75mm Nails

13 Joining Ridge Boards

14 Roofing Members Common Rafter Ridge Collar Tie Purlin Strut Ceiling Joist Top Plate Strutting Beam Hanging Beam

15 Purlin Also known as Underpurlin Fixed to Underside of RAFTER Runs parallel to ridge and wall plates Reduce span of RAFTER Will run full length of Gable Roof

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17 Roofing Members Common Rafter Ridge Collar Tie Purlin Strut Ceiling Joist Top Plate Strutting Beam Hanging Beam

18 Struts Transfer Loads to Load Bearing Walls

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23 Roofing Members Common Rafter Ridge Collar Tie Purlin Strut Ceiling Joist Top Plate Strutting Beam Hanging Beam

24 Collar Ties

25 Common Rafter Principles Birdsmouth Max 1/3 Depth of Rafter

26 Common Rafter Principles Span – From Birdsmouth to Birdsmouth Half Span – From Birdsmouth to Centre

27 Common Rafter Principles True Rise –From Horizontal line that passes thru the Intersection of Birdsmouth Plumb Line &Top of Rafter To : vertically plumb up to the Apex NOTE – True Rise is not measured from TOP PLATE

28 A Closer Look NOTE – True Rise is not measured from TOP PLATE Top Of Rafter Ceiling JoistTop Plate Birds Mouth

29 Common Rafter Principles If Rise is taken from Top Plate to Apex pitch will be incorrect

30 Common Rafter Principles Pitching Line x-y line

31 Common Rafter Principles Measured to edge of Ridge Measured to centre of Ridge

32 Common Rafter Principles True Length Centre Line Length True Length is usually what we need

33 Determine Rafter Length Mathematically Rafter 90 x 45 Ridge 125 x 19 Determine Span = 2700mm Determine Half Span = 2700/2 = 1350mm Determine Rafter Run= Half Ridge Thickness= 19/2 = 9.5 Rafter Run= True Length Rafter = / Cos 25 = 1480

34 Overhang Plan always from external wall

35 Determine Rafter Length Mathematically Rafter 90 x 45 Ridge 125 x 19 Roofing calculations are always measured from Birdsmouth or pitching point In this case Timber Famed Wall O/H = 450 / cos 25 = 497mm

36 Rafter 90 x 45 Ridge 125 x 19 In this case Brick Veneer Wall O/H = cos 25 = 662mm Determine Rafter Length Mathematically Total Rafter Length Timber Frame = = 1977mm Brick Veneer = = 2142mm

37 Rafter 90 x 45 Ridge 125 x 19 Determine Rafter Length Graphically 1.Draw Roof Full-size 2.Measure members directly 3.Avoid using scaled drawing 4.Scale use only for angles

38 Determine Rafter Length Using Roofing Square Use Calculator 1.Press Tan 25 – what does this give you 2.Therefore for every 1 metre run there is 0.466m rise 3.Using the principle of similar triangles we half the size of the triangle

39 Use Calculator 1.Press Tan 25 – what does this give you 2.Therefore for every 1 metre run there is 0.466m rise 3.Using the principle of similar triangles we half the size of the triangle

40 Use Calculator 1.Press Tan 25 – what does this give you 2.Therefore for every 1 metre run there is 0.466m rise 3.Using the principle of similar triangles we half the size of the triangle

41 Using Similar Triangles 1341/500 = or = 2 r 341

42 Using Similar Triangles 1341/500 = or = 2 r 341 Select Start Point Allowing for O/H Step out 2 full triangles

43 Intersection of Top of Rafter & Edge of Square

44 Using Similar Triangles 1341/500 = or = 2 r 341 Select Start Point Allowing for O/H Step out 2 full triangles Step out 341 & use square to extend

45 Determine Roofing Angles used in Gable Roofs Plumb Cut Foot Cut

46 Determining Angles with Roofing Square When we set out rafter previously we determined plumb cut

47 Determining Angles with Roofing Square Plumb Cut Foot Cut

48 Determining Angles Mathematically 1.Extend Line 90⁰ From Rafter

49 Determining Angles Mathematically 1.Extend Line 90⁰ From Rafter 2.Extend Plumb Line

50 Determining Angles Mathematically 1.Extend Line 90⁰ From Rafter 2.Extend Plumb Line 3.Angle Formed is same as roof pitch

51 Determining Angles Mathematically 1.Extend Line 90⁰ From Rafter 2.Extend Plumb Line 3.Angle Formed is same as roof pitch 4.Offset = Tan (pitch) x width

52 Determining Angles Mathematically 1.Extend Line 90⁰ From Rafter 2.Extend Plumb Line 3.Angle Formed is same as roof pitch 4.Offset = Tan (25⁰) x 90 = 42

53 Determining Angles Mathematically Next we can Determine our Birdsmouth 1.Width across plumb cut = 90/ cos = 99 3.Therefore max Birdsmouth = 33 4.Distance from top plate to top of Rafter = 66

54 Complete Q5 in Workbook

55 Determine Roof Angles Graphically Plan – View We can only see rafter run

56 Determine Roof Angles Graphically Extend Top Plate & Ridge

57 Determine Roof Angles Graphically Extend Top Plate & Ridge Mark Rise

58 Determine Roof Angles Graphically Extend Top Plate & Ridge Mark Rise Draw Hypotenuse Plumb Cut Foot Cut

59 Steps In Construction Gable Roof 1.Physically Confirm Span & Plates are Parallel 2.Calculate True Rafter, Rise & Plumbcuts 3.Mark out ceiling joists, rafters & ridge 4.Install Ceiling Joists 5.Cut Pattern Rafter & test to confirm 6.Cut required rafters & install

60 Estimating Gable Roof - Rafter From Previous Ceiling Estimate Determine No of Ceiling Joists12 250/ 600 = = = Pitch = 25⁰ Therefore 22 set of Rafters = Verge = 48

61 Determine Rafter Length Span = 6900

62 Determine Rafter Length Span = 6900 Half Span = 3450

63 Determine Rafter Length Span = 6900 Half Span = 3450 Run = 3450 – 9.5 (Half Ridge) =

64 Determine Rafter Length Span = 6900 Half Span = 3450 Run = 3450 – 9.5 = True Length = / cos 24 =3766

65 Determine Rafter Length Span = 6900 Half Span = 3450 Run = 3450 – 9.5 = True Length = / cos 24 =3766 Overhang = 450/cos 24 = 493

66 Determine Rafter Length Span = 6900 Half Span = 3450 Run = 3450 – 9.5 = True Length = / cos 24 =3766 Overhang = 450/cos 24 = 493 Total Rafter = 4259

67 Estimating Sheet

68 Estimating Gable Roof - Purlin Pitch = 24⁰ Overhang 450 Rafter 90 x 45 F7 600 c to c Tiled Roof Ridge 140 x 19 Purlin 90 x 70 F7 Purlin Run full length of Roof Do we need purlins

69 In First Instance we check single span Max Span = 1900 Span Required = 3766 Max Span /2600 = 1.4 Therefore 1 row required each side

70 Estimating Gable Roof -Purlin Pitch = 24⁰ Overhang 450 Rafter 90 x 45 F7 600 c to c Tiled Roof with Flush Gable & Raking Eaves Ridge 140 x 19 Purlin 90 x 70 F7 Purlin Run full length of Roof Do we need purlins Purlins Run Full Length x 150 (Joins) =

71 Estimating Sheet

72 Estimating Gable Roof - Ridge Pitch = 24⁰ Overhang 450 Rafter 90 x 45 F7 600 c to c Tiled Roof with Flush Gable & Raking Eaves Ridge 140 x 19 Purlin 90 x 70 F7 Ridge Runs Full Length x 450 (O/H) x 300 (allow for joins) =14000mm Note – For Flush eaves there is no O/H ridge = Boxed eaves will require O/H ridge = 13400mm

73 Estimating Sheet

74 Estimating Gable Roof - Struts Pitch = 24⁰ Overhang 450 Rafter 90 x 45 F7 600 c to c Tiled Roof with Flush Gable & Raking Eaves Ridge 140 x 19 Purlin 90 x 70 F7 Span 2700 Struts are Difficult to Estimate Develop a Best Guest Method Determine No Required 12500/2700 = 4.6 = 5 = 6 Each Side

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76 Estimating Gable Roof - Struts Pitch = 24⁰ Overhang 450 Rafter 90 x 45 F7 600 c to c Tiled Roof with Flush Gable & Raking Eaves Ridge 140 x 19 Purlin 90 x 70 F7 Span 2700 Struts are Difficult to Estimate Develop a Best Guest Method Half Rise x √2 x √2 Tan 24⁰ x 3441 x 2 = 3064 Determine No Required 12500/2700 = 4.6 = 5 = 6 Each Side

77 Estimating Sheet

78 Estimating Gable Roof – Collar Ties Pitch = 24⁰ Overhang 450 Rafter 90 x 45 F7 600 c to c Tiled Roof with Flush Gable & Raking Eaves Ridge 140 x 19 Purlin 90 x 70 F7 Span 2700 Collar Ties 90 x 35 Collar Ties on Every 2 nd Rafter On top of Purlins 22/2 = HALF SPAN 3450

79 Estimating Sheet

80 Estimating Gable Roof – Verge Trims Pitch = 24⁰ Overhang 450 Rafter 90 x 45 F7 600 c to c Tiled Roof with Flush Gable & Raking Eaves Ridge 140 x 19 Purlin 90 x 70 F7 Span 2700 Collar Ties 90 x 35 True Length of Rafter

81 Rafter True length / 600 = 6.28 = 7 (Ridge Closes) 1200 = 33.6 Say 33.9

82 Estimating Sheet

83 One Row of Purlin Each Side


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