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CHAPTER 12 DRIVING IN ADVERSE CONDITIONS 12.1 REDUCED VISIBILITY 12.2 REDUCED TRACTION 12.3 OTHER ADVERSE WEATHER CONDITIONS.

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Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 12 DRIVING IN ADVERSE CONDITIONS 12.1 REDUCED VISIBILITY 12.2 REDUCED TRACTION 12.3 OTHER ADVERSE WEATHER CONDITIONS."— Presentation transcript:

1 CHAPTER 12 DRIVING IN ADVERSE CONDITIONS 12.1 REDUCED VISIBILITY 12.2 REDUCED TRACTION 12.3 OTHER ADVERSE WEATHER CONDITIONS

2 REDUCED VISIBILITY WHENEVER REDUCED VISIBILITY 1. SLOW DOWN 2. SCAN EARLY 3. PREDICT OTHERS MOVEMENTS 4. DECEIDE POSITION WITH EXTRA SPACE CUSHION 5. EXECUTE GENTLY TO MAINTAIN CONTROL

3 IF MOISTURE BUILD-UP 1. TURN ON FRONT DEFROSTER 2. SWITCH ON REAR DEFOGGER 3. USE AIR CONDITIONER/ HEATER TO HELP 4. OPEN WINDOWS IF NEEDED

4 SUN GLARE 2. BRIGHTEST DAYS CREATE DARKEST SHADOWS 3. LOW BEAM HEADLIGHTS HELP OTHERS SEE YOU

5 1. USE VISOR

6

7 DAWN AND DUSK LOW VISUAL CONTRAST BETWEEN MOVING AND THE DRIVING SCENE

8 DAWN AND DUSK Driving can be dangerous Use low beam lights

9 Night Driving Switch to Low Beam for Oncoming cars Use Low Beam in Bad Weather

10 Use High Beam Lights to See Further Down the Road

11 Avoid staring at mirrors Glare of other headlights can blind you

12 Make sure you flip your rear view mirror to night driving to avoid glare

13 Meeting Other Vehicles Flick to Low Beam Lights If Other Driver is Using High Beams Move to the right and Look for Curb You May Also Flash Your Lights to Remind Oncoming Driving to Switch to Low Beams

14 Over Driving Headlights Driving at a speed that makes your stopping distance farther than the distance lighted by your headlights

15 FOG Use Low Beam Other cars appear closer than they are Increase following distance

16 RAIN Use Wipers and Low Beam Avoid Deep Pools of Water

17 Reduced Traction

18 SNOW Slow and Steer Carefully Slush and Ice build-up on Wipers and Head Lights

19 SNOW Fresh Snow at Low Temps Traction Can Be Good but… Covers Roadway Markings

20 SNOW Driving in tire tracks of others can help increase traction

21 Snow Fresh Snow – Traction Fairly Good Packed Snow – Low Traction Sub Zero – EVERYTHINGS FROZEN

22 Hydroplaning Tires lose Contact because they are on top of the Water Tire Tread Cuts through water to grip the road If Traveling Too

23 Deep Water Estimate Depth –Fire Hydrants –Fences –Trees If water is higher than bottom of your vehicle, DO NOT ENTER

24 Rocking the Vehicle Driving Forward and Backward quickly and Repeatedly.

25 Ice On Bridges Black Ice Ice in Tire Tracks

26 Gravel Roads Gravel act like marbles under your wheels and may cause skidding

27 Leaves Wet Leaves are slippery Avoid Piles

28 Construction Areas Trucks and Equipment leave mud, dirt, sand, on the roadway Slow, Be Watchful for Workers!

29 Skidding Over-Power Skid –Too much power to the drive wheels Over-Braking Skid –No ABS, may lock up your wheels when stopping suddenly

30 Front Wheel Skid Loss of Steering –Release Accelerator or brake –Pump Brakes (if no ABS) –Steer towards path you want to go

31 Rear Wheel Skid Release Accelerator or Brake Steer Quickly the direction you want to go If Fishtail Counter steer according

32 Skidding In a Curve Happens when entering a curve too fast May go off the road! Let the Car slow on its own and aim for the roadway

33 Controlled Braking Pumping the brakes gently to slow quickly

34 WIND Be Ready to steer into wind Especially Dangerous when passing trucks

35 Hot Weather Cooling systems may over heat engine Check gauges Often

36 Cold Weather Exhaust Leaks Do Not Race Engine Do Not Set Parking Brake

37 Bad Weather Driving Tips 1.Look and Listen to Weather Reports 2.Keep Windows Clear 3.Respect Lower Speeds 4.Keep Safe Following Distance 5.Keep Moving in Snow 6.Lower Gear on Slippery Roads 7.Avoid Cruise Control


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