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CHAPTER 12 DRIVING IN ADVERSE CONDITIONS 12.1 REDUCED VISIBILITY12.2 REDUCED TRACTION 12.3 OTHER ADVERSE WEATHER CONDITIONS
REDUCED VISIBILITY WHENEVER REDUCED VISIBILITY 1. SLOW DOWN2. SCAN EARLY 3. PREDICT OTHERS MOVEMENTS 4. DECEIDE POSITION WITH EXTRA SPACE CUSHION 5. EXECUTE GENTLY TO MAINTAIN CONTROL
IF MOISTURE BUILD-UP 1. TURN ON FRONT DEFROSTER2. SWITCH ON REAR DEFOGGER 3. USE AIR CONDITIONER/ HEATER TO HELP 4. OPEN WINDOWS IF NEEDED
SUN GLARE 2. BRIGHTEST DAYS CREATE DARKEST SHADOWS3. LOW BEAM HEADLIGHTS HELP OTHERS SEE YOU
1. USE VISOR
LOW VISUAL CONTRAST BETWEEN MOVING AND THE DRIVING SCENEDAWN AND DUSK LOW VISUAL CONTRAST BETWEEN MOVING AND THE DRIVING SCENE
DAWN AND DUSK Driving can be dangerous Use low beam lights
Switch to Low Beam for Oncoming cars Use Low Beam in Bad WeatherNight Driving Switch to Low Beam for Oncoming cars Use Low Beam in Bad Weather
Use High Beam Lights to See Further Down the Road
Avoid staring at mirrorsGlare of other headlights can blind you
Make sure you flip your rear view mirror to night driving to avoid glare
Meeting Other VehiclesFlick to Low Beam Lights If Other Driver is Using High Beams Move to the right and Look for Curb You May Also Flash Your Lights to Remind Oncoming Driving to Switch to Low Beams
Over Driving HeadlightsDriving at a speed that makes your stopping distance farther than the distance lighted by your headlights
FOG Use Low Beam Other cars appear closer than they areIncrease following distance
Use Wipers and Low Beam Avoid Deep Pools of WaterRAIN Use Wipers and Low Beam Avoid Deep Pools of Water
SNOW Slow and Steer CarefullySlush and Ice build-up on Wipers and Head Lights
SNOW Fresh Snow at Low Temps Traction Can Be Good but…Covers Roadway Markings
SNOW Driving in tire tracks of others can help increase traction
Snow Fresh Snow – Traction Fairly Good Packed Snow – Low TractionSub Zero – EVERYTHINGS FROZEN
Hydroplaning Tires lose Contact because they are on top of the WaterTire Tread Cuts through water to grip the road If Traveling Too
Deep Water Estimate DepthFire Hydrants Fences Trees If water is higher than bottom of your vehicle, DO NOT ENTER
Driving Forward and Backward quickly and Repeatedly.Rocking the Vehicle Driving Forward and Backward quickly and Repeatedly.
On Bridges Black Ice Ice in Tire Tracks
Gravel act like marbles under your wheels and may cause skiddingGravel Roads Gravel act like marbles under your wheels and may cause skidding
Wet Leaves are slippery Avoid Piles
Construction Areas Trucks and Equipment leave mud, dirt, sand, on the roadway Slow, Be Watchful for Workers!
Skidding Over-Power Skid Over-Braking SkidToo much power to the drive wheels Over-Braking Skid No ABS, may lock up your wheels when stopping suddenly
Front Wheel Skid Loss of Steering Release Accelerator or brakePump Brakes (if no ABS) Steer towards path you want to go
Rear Wheel Skid Release Accelerator or BrakeSteer Quickly the direction you want to go If Fishtail Counter steer according
Skidding In a Curve Happens when entering a curve too fastMay go off the road! Let the Car slow on its own and aim for the roadway
Pumping the brakes gently to slow quicklyControlled Braking Pumping the brakes gently to slow quickly
Be Ready to steer into wind Especially Dangerous when passing trucks
Cooling systems may over heat engine Check gauges OftenHot Weather Cooling systems may over heat engine Check gauges Often
Exhaust Leaks Do Not Race Engine Do Not Set Parking BrakeCold Weather Exhaust Leaks Do Not Race Engine Do Not Set Parking Brake
Bad Weather Driving TipsLook and Listen to Weather Reports Keep Windows Clear Respect Lower Speeds Keep Safe Following Distance Keep Moving in Snow Lower Gear on Slippery Roads Avoid Cruise Control
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