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Chapter 13: Vehicle Malfunctions

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1 Chapter 13: Vehicle Malfunctions
Vehicle stuck in snow- what not to do…

2 Tire Blow Out Which way will your car tend to pull when a tire blows?
2. When changing a tire, which tire should you block off? What are the devices called that hold the wheel to the vehicle?

3 Flat Tire Video

4 Brake Failure Pump the brake -------------- to the lowest gear
Apply Search for an open zone ABS Brakes What are they How do they work?

5 Accelerator Pedal Sticks
Before driving, make sure floor mats are flat First, Find an open zone and pull off the road

6 Loss of Forward Vision List some ways that you could lose forward vision while driving. What would you do in these emergencies? Look through the crack in the windshield Roll down window and stick your head out of the window. Headlight failure, try hazards, parking lights, move off the road Use wipers

7 Deep Water Escape Open a window and try to escape
Find the in the rear of the vehicle If totally submersed, take a deep breath, try to open the door because the pressure should be equalized Turn on so your rescuers can see your car

8 Standing Water What happens when you drive through standing water?
How can you tell the depth of the water? How many feet of water does it take for your car to possibly be swept away? How can you dry your brakes?

9 Overheated Engine Engine Failure Flooded Engine
Shift to and try to restart your engine Turn Air and turn the heater Do not the accelerator when trying to start your car if your car has FUEL INJECTION

10 Car Stalls on Railroad Tracks
If the train IS APPROACHING get all passengers out of the car-which way do you run? Run the train but away from the tracks If there is NO TRAIN APPROACHING get everyone out of the car, then try and pushing the vehicle off of the tracks

11 Skidding/Hydroplaning
How do you regain control when you begin to skid? Steer the path of travel you want to follow Don’t Panic Take foot off of accelerator Apply the brake-ABS What does it mean to “Fishtail”? When driving on slippery roads, you should not use what vehicle device?

12 Total Steering Failure
Power Steering Failure Can you still steer your car when you lose power steering? Yes you can, but it will be much more difficult Use and Slow down but do not brake hard to cause a skid

13 Off-road Recovery DON’T PANIC!
and slow down Regain control by straddling the edge of the roadway Check blind spot, signal and return to road

14 How to Minimize Collisions
Head On The worst collision with the most impact ! Side Impact Accelerate or brake to avoid hitting or getting hit in the passenger area What part of the vehicle should you aim for? Rear End If you are stopped brake just before the collision and re-apply If you are moving, flash brake lights Move to an open zone

15 Roadway Hazards Potholes Avoid if possible
Drive around or “straddle” a pothole If you must drive through a pothole- go very slowly to keep better control Objects in the Roadway Drive over if it is the last resort Wet Leaves Go around if possible Can be very slippery

16 1. Turn off both cars and accessories
2. Attach POS clamp to the (+) battery on the good car 3. Attach POS clamp to (+) of the bad battery 4. Attach NEG clamp to (-) of good battery 5. Attach NEG clamp to engine block of bad car (ground) 6. Start GOOD car first, then start the BAD car 7. Remove cables in opposite order

17 Show me how it’s done… red clamp (pos) black clamp (neg) --- + + ---
Engine Block Good Battery Dead Battery

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