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Driving In Different Environments & Situations Chapter 9.

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Presentation on theme: "Driving In Different Environments & Situations Chapter 9."— Presentation transcript:

1 Driving In Different Environments & Situations Chapter 9

2 Urban Traffic Heavy, fast moving traffic Traffic is more dense than in rural areas More trucks, buses, cars & pedestrians Hazards are closer City roads have the highest number and variety of hazards Remember, it takes time to do the IPDE process If you can’t increase the distance between you and the hazard, you must change your lane position, slow or stop to give time for the conflict to resolve

3 Urban Traffic In heavy traffic situations, focus on driving, avoid distractions Road Rage / Aggressive Drivers Be cool, drop back, give driver distance

4 Following Traffic Advantages of having adequate following distance See further ahead … see the “big picture” Others can see you better More time to use the IPDE process Better position to avoid car that suddenly stops 3 Second Following Distance Safe cushion in most normal driving situations

5 Following Traffic 3 Second Rule – continued As speed increases so will the following distance 3 Second Distance is NOT the total stopping distance needed to avoid hitting a stationary object 3 Second Rule protects you from hitting the car in front of you Increase following distance under adverse conditions

6 Following Distance Situations for greater Following Distance New driver – need more time for IPDE process Being tailgated Approaching a Line of Sight Restriction Low Traction Carrying a heavy load Following a motorcycle Following a distracted driver

7 Following Distance Other strategies to help Following Distance Look over or through the vehicle you are following Look for brake lights Anticipate areas of sudden stops Intersections Areas with parked vehicles Business areas

8 Looking Away If necessary…. Check to make sure zone ahead is stable and open Increase following distance Lower speed Keep eyes moving Use a passenger to look for whatever is needed

9 Tailgaters Someone following too closely Danger: If you have to stop fast they may hit you Protective Actions: Increase following distance to 4 seconds Move slightly to the right Signal Early In extreme cases, pull over

10 Oncoming Traffic Driver crosses the center line into your front zone Reasons Why? Driver Impairment Poor Judgment Poor Visibility Reduced Space (Parked car, snow bank, double parked vehicle) Sudden move by others Vehicle Failure Turning Buses & Trucks Double Parked Vehicles

11 Oncoming Traffic Avoiding Oncoming Traffic Slow allow driver time to return to his lane Flash headlights / honk horn Move to the right (if right front zone is open)

12 Managing Space in Urban Traffic Aim High In city traffic aim one block or more ahead Gives you time to adjust to problems ahead Following Semi’s Maintain safe following distance (pg 182) so you have a good view of road ahead Traffic Signals Can use pedestrian cross signals to alert you to light change Example: DON’T WALK - warns you the light is about to turn yellow

13 Managing Space in Urban Traffic Covering the Brake Take foot off accelerator and hold it over the brake Reduces reaction time Riding the Brake Resting your foot on the brake pedal Wears brakes Confuses drivers behind you Remember: Flash your brakes when planning to stop

14 Managing Space in Urban Traffic Precautions when passing parked vehicles Cover brake and move to lane position 2 Look for drivers through windows Look for exhaust or wheels turned out Tap on your horn Be prepared to stop or swerve Drive at least one car door length away

15 Managing Space in Urban Traffic Adjusting speed Drive with traffic flow Stay within speed limit Driving faster only slightly saves time The faster you are traveling the less time is saved by traveling faster Graph pg 185

16 Managing Space in Urban Traffic Select the best lane Left lane usually for faster moving traffic Left lanes can be a problem on two lane roads without turn lanes Choose the lane where traffic is the smoothest Usually center lane Changing Lanes Mirror – Blinker – Blind spot When passing, must see both headlights in rearview mirror before returning to the right lane Special Lanes Buses & Car Pooling

17 One Way Streets One Way Streets can… Move greater volume of traffic Generally, less congested Produce fewer conflicts Identifying One Way Streets Posted Signs All cars moving or parked in one direction Only broken white lines are visible All traffic signs facing in the same direction

18 One Way Streets Lane Choice Entering Leaving Signaling Wrong Way Drivers Slow Steer Right Sound Horn


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