Presentation on theme: "ADVERSE CONDITIONS Chapter 12 SUNGLARE Use sunglasses Also use sun visor If the sun is behind you, turn on your low-beam headlights to become more."— Presentation transcript:
ADVERSE CONDITIONS Chapter 12
SUNGLARE Use sunglasses Also use sun visor If the sun is behind you, turn on your low-beam headlights to become more visible to drivers behind you.
Turn on your low- beam headlights, even if it doesn’t seem dark enough to use DON’T DRIVE WITH YOUR PARKING LIGHTS ONLY !
DRIVING IN WINDY WEATHER Be alert and ready to slow down Hold the wheel firmly Steer carefully to maintain control If you have a head wind: accelerate a little more If you have a tail wind: slow ahead of time If a car passes you and a strong blast hits: slow and steer slightly into the wind to the opposite side of the passing car and maintain a straight path of travel.
SKIDS Avoid sudden braking and accelerating. Power Skid: Ease off accelerator. Slow to a gentle stop by shifting to neutral and gently pushing your brake pedal. Braking Skid: Let up on brake to unlock wheels. Sideways Skid: Ease off accelerator or brake and steer in the direction that the rear of your car is skidding. Skidding into a Curve: Ease off your accelerator or brake. Keep tires rolling to maintain steering control. Steer into the direction your car’s rear is going. Once corrected then reduce speed and stay into the middle of your lane.
DRIVING IN RAIN Reduce speed Use windshield wipers Put headlights on Keep following distance longer Brake sooner then normal
HYDROPLANING Hydroplaning: is when tires ride the surface of water rather than gripping the road. Reduce speed to keep control Use properly inflated tires with good tread Worn, bald,under inflated cars and slushy snow in standing water increase the chances.
DRIVING IN DEEP WATER If water is up to the bottom of your car DO NOT ENTER Drive slowly in low gear Avoid using the roads soft shoulder Try to drive in the higher center of the road When driving through water use light pressure on accelerator After leaving water, tap your brake pedal lightly to check if brakes are wet.
SNOW Slow down You’ll know your on snow when your tires make a crunchy or slushy sound Use windshield wipers Put headlights on ( low beams ) Keep supplies to keep warm ( mittens, socks caps and blankets ) Keep following distance longer Brake sooner then normal Keep snowbrush and ice scraper in car
ROCKING A CAR Is used to move your car out of snow, mud, or sand. Turn front wheels straight to reduce added resistance of turning Gently accelerate to move forward Let up accelerator the instant your car stops moving forward and pause enough to let the engine slow Shift to reverse and move backward. When you stop let up accelerator and shift to drive moving forward Continue process until out of snow, mud, or sand.
ICE Slow down You’ll know your driving on ice because your tires won’t make a noise Use windshield wipers if necessary Turn slowly Brake sooner then normal Accelerate slowly
Black Ice is ice which forms on a roadway, usually due to snow melting and re-freezing. Ice is not noticeable Do the same as you would when Driving on Ice
Drive slowly Turn Low Beams on Keep following distance longer If you can’t see at all pull over and turn off lights so another vehicle doesn’t see your tail lights and hit you. Don’t Drive until conditions improve.
DRIVING IN THE DARK Turn headlights on If you can’t see at least 1000 feet ahead and no vehicles are coming you can turn on your bright lights on. Be aware of pedestrians Drive slower Drive as far to the right as possible Don’t look directly into oncoming headlights. Look toward the right edge of the lane. Try to park in well-lit areas
DIRT/GRAVEL Drive slow Accelerate and brake gently Keep following distance longer Be aware of dust clouds and rocks that might fly from underneath cars ahead of you.
Listen to radio for traffic report Keep windows clear Reduce speed according to conditions Keep a safe following distance Keep moving in snow Leave a window partly open Watch for danger spots ahead Use a lower gear on slippery roads Avoid using cruise control