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2Extreme Weather Driving For All Drivers Slide Show NotesToday, we’re going to talk about extreme weather driving. Driving under difficult weather conditions is both challenging and hazardous. You need to understand the specific hazards of different weather conditions and adjust your driving to those conditions. By doing so, you can avoid accidents and breakdowns and reach your destination safely in any kind of weather.
3Session ObjectivesRecognize extreme weather driving hazards Identify appropriate safe driving precautions for different weather conditions Prepare yourself and your vehicle for any kind of weather Prevent accidents and reach your destination safely when driving in extreme weather conditionsSlide Show NotesThe main objective of this session is to provide safety tips for driving in extreme weather so that you can avoid accidents and breakdowns. By the time the session is over, you should be able to:Recognize extreme weather driving hazards;Identify appropriate safe driving precautions for different weather conditions;Prepare yourself and your vehicle for any kind of weather; andPrevent accidents and reach your destination safely when driving in extreme weather conditions.
67 Basic Rules for Driving in Extreme Weather Allow extra timeTurn on lightsSlow downStay alertSlide Show NotesThere are several general rules for driving safely in extreme weather. They all relate to adjusting your driving to the conditions. This means:Starting out earlier and allowing extra time when weather conditions are difficult;Turning on your lights so you can see better and so that other drivers can see you better;Slowing down and matching your speed to the weather conditions rather than the posted speed;Staying alert and watching out for other drivers, dangerous road conditions, and so on;Increasing following distance from 2 seconds to at least 4 seconds;Preparing for stops so that you can bring your vehicle to a halt quickly but safely—this includes testing your brakes before you begin driving; andGetting off the road to a safe place like a rest stop or turnout if weather conditions get so bad that it is unsafe to continue your journey.Increase following distancePrepare for stopsGet off the road if unsafe
8Emergency Kit Flares/triangles Flashlight Tire jack and tools Inflated spareFirst-aid kitJumper cablesSlide Show NotesBefore you drive in any weather, but particularly if there is a risk of extreme weather, check your vehicle to make sure you have:Emergency flares or triangles;Flashlight;Tire jack and tools;Inflated spare tire;First-aid kit; andJumper cables.
9Emergency Kit (cont.) Spill-proof container of sand Ice scraper BlanketEmergency food and waterSlide Show NotesIn cold climates, add the following to your vehicle’s emergency kit:Spill-proof container of sand, some cat litter, or a couple of old roof shingles to provide needed traction if stuck in mud, snow, or ice;Ice scraper, snowbrush, and small folding shovel;Blanket to keep warm while waiting for help after a breakdown or in case you get stranded on the road in especially bad weather; andEmergency food and water in case you are stranded for a long time.Do you have all necessary emergency items in your vehicle?
10Vehicle Safety Check Brakes Lights Wipers Fluids Gas Tires Slide Show NotesIn bad weather, you also want to be sure your vehicle is in good condition. Having a breakdown is bad enough when the weather is good, but you don’t want to break down in the middle of a severe thunderstorm or snowstorm.So take a couple of minutes to perform a safety check on your vehicle before you get behind the wheel.Test your brakes to be sure they are in good working order.Clean all exterior lights to improve visibility. Also check to make sure all lights are working properly.Keep windshield wiper blades clean to prevent streaking. Use a paper towel and wiper fluid; or a small alcohol pad, such as in your first-aid kit, also works well. Replace blades as needed. They’re not effective when they’re worn. Worn blades can dangerously reduce visibility in rain or snow.Make sure your windshield washer reserve is full. Also check oil, coolant, brake fluid, and power steering fluid tanks.Make sure you have plenty of gas.Check tire condition and inflation. Worn tires can’t grip the road and may blow out. Replace them. Also, tire pressure falls with temperature. Check tires before driving, and keep them inflated to the manufacturer’s recommended level.
11Extreme Weather Driving: 7 Basic Safety Rules Allow extra timeTurn on lightsSlow downStay alertIncrease following distancePrepare for stopsGet off the road if unsafeSlide Show NotesNow it’s time for an exercise. See if you remember the seven basic safety rules for driving in extreme weather that we mentioned earlier.How did you do? Did you remember them all? Maybe you also thought of some additional safety rules that you follow in extreme weather. If so, that’s great. You can’t be too safe when driving in extreme weather.
12Review Do you understand: Effects of bad weather on driving safety? Basic rules for extreme weather driving?Weather reports?Emergency kit?Vehicle safety check?Slide Show NotesNow it’s time to ask yourself if you understand the information presented so far. For example, do you understand what we’ve said about:The effects of bad weather on driving safety?Basic rules for extreme weather driving?The importance of checking weather reports?Which items to include in your emergency kit?Checking your vehicle for safety before getting behind the wheel?It’s important to understand all this information so that you’ll be well-prepared to drive safely in extreme weather.Let’s continue now to the next slide and talk about driving safely in rain.
18Handling Skids Slow down Avoid fast turns and sharp braking Ease off the gasSteer in the direction you want to goKeep your foot off the brakeSlide Show NotesWhen roads are covered in snow and ice or wet with rain, one of the greatest driving hazards you face is skidding. Losing control of your car can be a frightening experience—and very dangerous as well.When driving in wet or icy conditions, slow down to a safe rate.Avoid fast turns and sharp braking.If you go into a skid, stay calm and ease your foot off the gas.Carefully steer in the direction you want the front of your vehicle to go. This procedure, known as “steering into the skid,” will bring the back end of your vehicle in line with the front. Once the skid is under control, continue at a low speed until you are over the slippery patch.Keep your foot off the brake unless you have antilock brakes. Check the owner’s manual for instructions on using antilock brakes in a skid.If you’ve ever been in a vehicle that goes into a skid, you know how hazardous it can be. Try to fix these techniques in your mind so that it will be second nature if you should ever skid.
23Safe or Unsafe? Driving through swiftly moving water Passing on a two-way road in fogKeeping both hands on wheel in windy conditionsTrying to outrun a nearby tornadoSlowing down when it starts to rainMaintaining following distance of 2 seconds in snowGetting off the road if you can’t see road lines in fogSlide Show NotesNow it’s time for an exercise on some of the information we’ve just covered about extreme weather driving. Decide whether each of the statements you’ll see on the screen are safe driving practices or unsafe driving practices.Driving through swiftly moving waterPassing on a two-way road in fogKeeping both hands on the wheel in windy conditionsSlowing down when it starts to rainMaintaining following distance of 2 seconds in snow.Getting off the road if you can’t see road lines in the fog.How did you do? Were you able to pick out all the safe practices?
24Review Do you understand: Rain? Floods? Fog? Snow/ice? Extreme wind? Tornadoes/hurricanes?Extreme heat?Earthquakes?Slide Show NotesLet’s review and make sure you understand the information presented in the previous slides. For example, do you understand what we’ve said about driving in:Rain?Floods?Fog?Snow and ice?Extreme wind?Tornadoes and hurricanes?Extreme heat?Earthquakes?Your knowledge of this information will help you drive safely in any kind of extreme weather.Continue now to the last slide and some key points to remember.
25Key Points to RememberExtreme weather driving is challenging and hazardous.Be aware of hazards and precautions.Being prepared and cautious in extreme weather can prevent accidents.Slide Show NotesHere are the main points to remember from this session on extreme weather driving:Extreme weather driving is challenging and hazardous.To keep safe, be aware of hazards and precautions for the kind of weather conditions you could encounter on the road.Being prepared and cautious in extreme weather can prevent accidents, injuries, and damage to your vehicle.This concludes the Extreme Weather Driving training session.