Presentation on theme: "Oliver Cromwell Hero? Villain?"— Presentation transcript:
1Oliver Cromwell Hero? Villain? Worthy of a statue outside parliament?orVillain?Sneaky guy, who killed a king just to get the crown for himself?
2How can we make a decision? Confused? Nonsense! He was a soldier! People die in war – you can’t blame Cromwell for all the deaths.He killed 3,000 Irish people for no reason – he’s a murderer!He was aiming at the throne all the time. He killed the king, then chucked out parliament and made himself Lord protector.No! He never wanted to rule. He tried over and over again to get Charles to compromise. And he did keep calling parliaments, he tried to give them power.Confused?
3Let’s start with an easy one… How would you find out about this person?She’s wonderful!She’s funny and kind and clever.She’s a really good teacher. She makes you think.She’s a terrible teacher. She’s bossy and shouts all the time.She is very ambitious – and she doesn’t care who she hurts on her way up to the top. She’s just in it for herself.Well – the best way is to ask people who know her…What do you need to know about these people in order to work out how much you can trust them?
4A pupil who just got A* in GCSE History How much can you trust the witnesses?Her boyfriendShe’s wonderful!She’s funny and kind and clever.She’s a really good teacher. She makes you think.She’s a terrible teacher. She’s bossy and shouts all the time.She is very ambitious – and she doesn’t care who she hurts on her way up to the top. She’s just in it for herself.What do we do???A pupil who just got a detention from herThe teacher who applied for the same job as her but did not get it
5ProvenanceThis is a very important word in History.It means the BACKGROUND of the source.It means who made the source, when, and why?If you know about the person who said the source, you can see if they had a reason to like or dislike the person they are talking about.If you know the provenance of a source, you can work out how much to trust it!
6Bias / Biased You CAN still trust a biased source This is another important word in History.It means ‘one-sided’. If you are biased, it means you have a certain viewpoint.Biased sources have more OPINIONS than factsWho would be a biased and an unbiased witness about Ms Munro????You CAN still trust a biased sourceBUT you have to be carefulIt will only give PART of the storyYou need to sort out what is FACT and what is OPINION
7Exercise! So…back to Oliver Cromwell When we want to know about Cromwell, we need to look at sources about him.The sources are written and drawn by people who knew him.What do we need to know about the sources before we can work out how much to trust them?
8We need to know who made the sources. Yes – provenance!We need to know who made the sources.Cromwell promised to spare the lives of the soldiers who surrendered. But when they did surrender, he gave out the word that there was to be no mercy. He slaughtered all the men.The Irish soldiers were given every opportunity to surrender, but they refused. Some were executed, others were taken prisoner. Anyway, the Irish had massacred Protestants so it was just revenge.One of these sources is by the leader of the Irish troops, who Cromwell defeated.One is by a soldier who was with Cromwell.Which is which – and how can you tell?
9Fit the people to the sources. Then answer the questions. EXERCISEFit the people to the sources. Then answer the questions.Without doubt no man ever got so much power so wickedly.A greater soul never livedHe took all power to himself. He pretended to work with parliaments, but really all he wanted was to get rid of them.He would rather have been a shepherd than a ruler, but he was the only man who could keep order.He was practical He stopped the Levellers because their plans would cause chaos.He was a man who betrayed the men who had fought with himLucy HutchinsonHer husband was an MP who was thrown out of his job by Cromwell.Peter GauntSomeone who did not meet Cromwell, but who studied his life in detailThomas BurtonA soldier who acted as Cromwell’s secretaryJohn HopkinsCromwell’s servant, who was with him for most of his life.Lord ClarendonA close friend of king Charles I & King Charles IIJohn LilburneLeader of the Levellers, who Cromwell defeated
10Do you think it was drawn by an enemy or a supporter of Cromwell? This picture shows Cromwell ordering his wild and undisciplined troops to pull down the ‘royal oak of Britain’ – a tree that symbolises all the traditions of Britain.Do you think it was drawn by an enemy or a supporter of Cromwell?How can you tell???
11How reliable do you think this source is? Cromwell tried to persuade the army officers to agree to him becoming king. He offered bribes and threats.Edmund LudlowA soldier who at first supported Cromwell, but who turned against him when Cromwell became Lord Protector.How reliable do you think this source is?How far can you trust it?WHY?
12How does this poster show Cromwell? Does he look heroic or villainous? Who do you think made it?How can you tell?