Presentation on theme: "Welcome to U.S. History European Colonies Great Depression"— Presentation transcript:
1 Welcome to U.S. History European Colonies Great Depression American RevolutionWWI & WWIIAmerica’s GovernmentCold WarWestward ExpansionCivil RightsCivil War & ReconstructionAmerica TodayIndustrial & Progressive Age
2 About Mr. Gould Masters from the University of MN (1998) Live in St. PaulTwo Daughters10 and 13 years oldEnjoy outdoor activities, travel and musicSailing, camping, fly-fishing, snowsports
3 Vocabulary & news/class quiz Weekly ScheduleDay10 minutes8 minutes25 minutes5”MNewsVocabNotes, activityjournalTWRDocument Day (starting next week)you create a fact, opinion and advice essay each weekI grade your journals and meet with kids concerning classFVocabulary & news/class quizFour kids’ news presentations
5 Materials Needed Your agenda A 3 ring binder Tabbed section dividers NotesVocabJournalsNewsExtra credit stamp sheetPen or pencil
6 Hall Pass You need your agenda to leave class, no excuses If you do not have your agenda, you cannot leave classFill out your agenda passes to leave class to go to the bathroom or to your lockerI will sign your agenda
7 You are here to learn Take your education seriously This class is to get you ready to be an educated citizento make America a better place when you are votingYour life is simple nowdo your job
8 Expectations Come to class prepared and on time Pencil; paper; binderDon’t touch my desk, drawers or podiumI have no materials to shareTape, stapler and 3 hole punch are on the tableDo not talk while others are talkingRespect each otherDon’t interrupt each otherRaise your hand with questionsMeet with me concerning your absences and late workUse my classroom web page
9 Consequences Work is late if it is in your locker Late work is worth half of the original pointsI will remove kids from class who are not contributingI will call parentsI will give detentions
10 Extra CreditDuring class discussions you can contribute and receive a stampKeep these stamps on a sheet of paper in your binderThe stamps are added up at the end of the quarterOne point per stampIf you have all your normal work handed in, I will add your extra credit to your gradeThe grade can only increase by 5%
11 Thursday’s Document Day Reading and writing; where you are the expert
12 Document DayRead the document that I have selected
13 Fact, Opinions and Advice On a sheet of paper list 10 facts concerning the material you just readRank the facts from most important to leastNext list 10 opinions that were in the readingPut an a or d if you agree or disagree with the opinionWe study history to make the future betterWrite an essay with complete sentences giving your opinion or advice to a person or item from the reading, concerning this topic
14 Paragraph Suggestions Don’t use pronouns use proper nouns. (Do not use she, if, he, they, them etc.)Don’t write “This is what I think… or I would say… or I would do.” ( be direct)Pick one main idea and then explain and support it.Don’t give your reasons in your very first sentence. Avoid this “Pocahontas should have ran because the English had disease and the English were greedy and starving. Instead “Pocahontas should have ran from the English for many reasons… then explain.”
15 Note taking Tips Use headings Use abbreviations & symbols Make the headings obvious (underline, CAPS, Bold, highlighter or cursiveUse abbreviations & symbolsYour not going to have enough time to write down all of the material, your just not – so don’t tryBe sure to write down items that the teacher repeats
16 There are 8 Social Sciences HistoryPolitical ScienceAnthropologySociologyEconomicsPsychologyGeographyTheology
17 Political Science Studies how decisions are made for a group of people Governments9th grade
18 Anthropology Studies cultures over time Includes Archaeology (Indiana Jones) and the study of artifacts
19 SociologyHow people are organized and act as a group12th grade
20 EconomicsStudies the production and distribution of goods10th grade
21 PsychologyStudies how people behave and why12th grade
22 Geography Studies the distribution of earthbound phenomenon 8th grade, 10th grade
23 TheologyStudies the religions of a group of peoplecollege
24 History Studies events from the past Facts Columbus sailed from Spain to the Caribbean in 1492OpinionsColumbus was cruel to the IndiansAdvice for the futureTake time to learn from and respect other cultures
26 Can History Change?Explorers’ reputations are notoriously volatile things. Consider Robert Falcon Scott, the British naval officer who lost the race to the South Pole in 1911 and froze to death on the way home.
27 LOSER!Norwegian Roald Amundsen beats Scott to the pole on December 14, 1911.Scott makes it there a MONTH later!
28 HERO!After a grueling march back, Scott dies in his tent...only 11 miles from a depot equipped with food and oil.Hailed as a symbol of British courage.
29 Failure!In Scott and Amundsen, a 1979 study, a British historian uncovers Scott’s ineptitude with animals and cold.Scott’s reputation heads due south.
30 VICTIM!In a new history of Scott’s expedition, Dr. Susan Solomon tries to redeem his rep, blaming his misfortune on an unusually harsh Antarctic autumn.
31 Uh-oh!A new play about Scott called Antarctica came out in London last year.The play is about 6 men who split off from Scott’s party and made it home without him.
32 PROP: A tool for Historians Life is full of information and dataCan the data and info be trusted?Which information is the best?How do we know what to trust?PROP can help!
33 (P) Primary or Secondary Primary is a first-hand accountA real witnessSomeone who was thereSecondary is a second-hand accountA person who interviewed a real witnessA person who studied the topic and then they had a later opinion about what happenedWhere did the secondary source come from
34 (R) Reason to Lie?Does the source of the information have a reason to lie?
35 (O) Other Evidence?Does the source give other sources of evidence in varying forms?
36 (P) Public or PrivateWas the source of the information public or private?A public report allows the audience to object or add additional facts
37 Exploration of the Americas New SpainNew FranceNew Netherlands
38 Exploration Summary 15th Century 16th Century 17th Century Find a trade route to Asia and the Indies16th CenturyA race to claim the land in the AmericasWars of conquest against the American IndiansSmallpox disease kills 70% of the Indians17th CenturyColonization of the Americas begins18th CenturyColonization continuesEurope fights each other for control of colonies
39 Nations Compared Nation Where Who What Opinions Spain SW US & Florida Latin AmericaMexicoSouth AmericaConquistadors(conquerors or exploring soldiers)Gold, Silver, Riches and slavesExtremely cruelFranceCanadaMississippi and Ohio River valleysGreat LakesFur TradersMissionariesFursChristianityNicest of them allEnglandEast Coast of USWashington & OregonFarmersCreate businesses
41 Columbian Exchange Diseases and technologies also spread 70% of the American Indians died of diseases
42 New Spain Conquistadors Serve God & the King Get rich Hernandes Cortes Conquer Aztecs in MexicoFrancisco PizarroControlled Incan empire after killing emperor
43 How did the Spanish Win? Superior military equipment Steel armor and gunsAztecs and Incas relied never have seen horsesThought Spanish might be GodsEuropean diseases
44 “Laws of the Indies” How the colonies should be organized… 3 settlementsPueblosPresidiosMissions4 Social ClassesPeninsularesCreolesMestizosIndians
45 New France Port Royal (1605) 1st French Settlement Little gold and silver unlike New SpainProfited from…Fishing, trapping, and trading
46 French King controlled New France Grew slowly so King sent 1,000 farmers to colonyCoureurs de bois- free from government controlLived in the woods
47 France and Native Americans Did not attempt to conquer the IndiansIndians taught the French trapping and survival skills (snowshoes and canoes)French missionaries taught Native Americans about Christianity
48 New Netherlands Hoped to profit from their discoveries in the Americas Bought Manhattan from the IndiansBuilt trading posts along the Hudson RiverEnlarged their colony by taking over New Sweden
49 “On the island of Manhattan, and in its environs, there may be four or five hundred men of different sects and nations: the Director General told me that there were men of eighteen different languages; they are scattered here and there on the river, above and below, as the beauty and convenience of the spot has invited each to settle.”Father Isaac Jogues, “Narratives of New Netherland,”
50 Dutch and Native Americans Befriended the Iroquois peopleHelped fight against French and HuronsTried to convert Native Americans into ChristiansTraded knives, copper kettles, muskets and gun powder for hunting and warfareIntroduced alcohol which had a harsh life on Native Americans lives
51 Dutch Influences still here today Ice SkatingSt. Nicks birthdayDutch master “boss”New Amsterdam sailed “yachts”Children munched on “Cookies”Rode through the snow on “Sleighs”
52 Colonya group of people who leave their native country to form in a new land a settlement subject to, or connected with, the parent nation.Parent NationYearPlaceSpain1565St. Augustine, FloridaFrance1608Quebec City, CanadaEngland1607Jamestown, Virginia
53 Map depicting Sir Francis Drake's 1586 attack on St. Augustine
54 A walled city founded by Champlain Quebec City, French, 1608A walled city founded by Champlain
58 Slavery in the colonies Slaves were used in the colonies from the start (1619)15 million slaves came from West Africa80% of the slaves were used in the Caribbean or Brazil17% of the slaves died on the ocean voyageSlaves were used to increase profits on colonial businessesSlaves were sold at auctionOn average, 2 ships left Africa full of slaves every day for 160 years
61 PIG EARS This is a tool for studying culture and places Each of the 7 PIGEARS letters stands for a different part of cultureHelps us categorize culture and place
62 Political Who has power and control in a society? King; governor; presidentHow are decisions made?votingHow are people organized?Land ownership
63 Intellectual How do we learn? What is in our brains? LanguageEducationWhat is in our brains?TechnologiesIdeasWhat are we capable of?Tools
64 Geography Topography Climate Soils Hilly/flat Rainy/Dry Where do we live and what it is like?TopographyHilly/flatClimateRainy/DrySoils
65 Economic What the culture does for work to sustain life? How are good and supplies distributed?TradeNatural resourcesForests; mining; farming; waterCurrency or money used?
66 Artistic How do we express ourselves? Dance, painting, music, etc.Items we produce by choice in our free time?
67 Religion How did we get here? Where are we going when we die? Monotheistic beliefsBelieve in one god(Christianity, Islam)PolytheisticBelieve in many gods
68 Social How do we relate to one another? What are the traditions CustomsRoutinesMusic; dressGender roles in a societyPeaceful or warlike
69 NotesWhen categorizing culture using PIGEARS, often cultural traits will belong to several PIGEARS attributesFarmingIntellectual (irrigation)Geography (climate supports plants)Economic (grow crops for consumption / trade)Social (if a specific gender or age are the farmers)
70 West African Culture (PIGEARS) PoliticalPeople were organized in large tribes and clans who had control over large tracts of land. Elders and leaders generally governed the tribes, male dominantIntellectualHistory was recorded in both written and spoken (oral) forms. Children were taught in the home and were 'raised by the village'. Slingshots, irrigation, nets, metals, hands-on work
71 West African Culture Geography Economic Artistic West Africa coastal regions, warm year around, equatorial, lowlands, less than 30” of rain annually, poor soilsEconomicGrazing of animals (goats, chickens, etc.), fishing, some farmingArtisticLively and colorful art, dance, music, beads, drumming. Wood carving and leather
72 West African Culture Religion Social Monotheistic. Most of the tribes were Muslims, the religion of Islam. Allah=God, Mohammed was messiah, Jesus was a prophet, bible was Koran. There were few pockets of Christianity in the region too.SocialMany languages were spoken based largely upon the tribe that a person was a part of. The people lived in permanent villages where the people would live off the land. Men had more power and control in the family. Elders were greatly respected regardless of gender. The concept of family was much broader than America's view today. Boys were “warriors”.
73 Colonies GrewAfter Jamestown (1607) and then Plymouth (1620) were successful, more colonies were created8 of the 13 colonies were created as businessesMassachusetts was created for the Puritan religionThey believed they were living “pure” as the bible intendedRhode Island was created for religious freedomRhode Island broke away from Massachusetts because Massachusetts was to strict with their religionPennsylvania and Maryland were created for political and religious freedoms
74 Colonial Comparisons Town Meetings where women could attend Regions: (8x4)New englandMiddlesouthernPoliticalTown Meetings where women could attendAssembly of elected white, male, property ownersINTELECTUALMandatory public schools for everyonePrivate schools through the churchesTutors for the rich (5%), usually at the plantationGEOGRAPHYPoor soils, good harbors, cold winters, mild summersGood soils, great harbors, moderate winters, warm summersGreat soils, marginal harbors, mild winters, hot summersECONOMICManufacturing, lumber products, shipbuilding, merchants, whalingTrade, grain farms, seaports, and iron millsPlantations for cotton, rice, tobacco, and indigoARTISTICWriters and poets like Anne Bradstreet orWilliam BradfordMetal worksBenjamin FranklinAlexander HamiltonArchitecture, theatre, music, and dancingMost ArtisticRELIGIOUSState supported churches with taxes.PuritansVery StrictNew religions could be formed and practiced; QuakersProdestant Church was required. Taxes were payed to the Church of England.SOCIAL [Colonial Life Expectancy: Male, 45; Female, 38 (4:1 Male/Female Ratio)]Most equality(5% of slaves)Middle equality(15% of slaves)Least equality(80% of slaves)
75 New England Green color was French Pink and red was British Hudson River and NYC were Dutch
78 Your Favorite HobbiesRecord and describe the hobbies you enjoy the mostSportsCraftsActivitiesWhat else would you like to learn to do?
79 Which College MajorOf the 8 Social Science presented in class, which one would you be most interested in studying and doing for a job?Why?What would that job be like?Where would you work?What would you affect?Which one would you like the least
80 What’s Your OpinionDo you think the facts, opinions or advice we learn about History are the most importantWhy do you think that?Can these facts, opinions and advice always be trusted?
81 What’s Your OpinionDo you believe in the death penalty as a punishment for crimes?Why or why notAre there other solutions
82 Which Continent 4 U?The Americas and Europe were similar and different in 1492If you lived back then, which continent would you have preferred to live onWhyWhat would your favorite part of your life beWould you prefer the food choices or the natural landscape of the place you chose
83 Misrepresented History Explain a time in your life when the whole story was not told about something that happened to you or a friendDid the whole story or truth ever come outHow did you feel when your side of the story was not understood or cared aboutDoes this happen a lotWhat could be done to make sure all sides of a story are understood
84 Hero or VillainDo you think Columbus was a hero or a villain?
85 Histories LessonsWhat are the biggest three lessons from the past that Americans should know about to make America better in the futureWhat were some of Americas mistakes in the pastWhat were some things that America should make sure we never do againwhy
86 Trade Routes You have been reading and mapping European trade routes Why was Europe trading and travelling so muchDo you think this was a good ideawhy
87 Holy LandsThe Mid-east was the birthplace and center of Judaism, Christianity and IslamAll of these religions want to worship in their most holy placesWho do you think deserves to have control of the holy lands todaywhyAre there other solutions
88 Early ExplorersWe know the Vikings came to North America and Columbus 500 years laterDo you think they were the only people to reach North America for those 500 yearsWere the Vikings the firstWhy do you think thatConsider the map of the worldWhat about Japan, China or Korea
89 Agenda UseOn a scale of 1-10 how would you rate how well you use your agenda to keep track of your day1 means you need to improve10 means your doing greatWhat could you do to improveHow would you do that
90 Interesting Vocabulary Words Which 2 vocabulary words are the most interesting new words to youwhy
91 Familiar Vocabulary Words Which of the vocabulary words did you already knowWhere did you hear them used beforeIn what contextUse these words in new complete sentences in your reflectionAre you ready for Friday’s quiz?
92 PROP JournalOf the four parts to PROP, which part do you think is most important to determine if a source of information is credible and trustworthy or notPrimary or secondaryReason to lieOther evidencePublic or private
93 Columbian ExchangeAmerica, Europe and Africa changed forever because of what Columbus startedWhich change do you think was the most important or had the biggest impactwhyWhat crop or food item had the biggest impact in your opinion
94 Pocahontas Pocahontas was kidnapped by the British and used as ransom She was a Powhatan princess with a lot of talentIf you could go back in time what would you want to learn from PocahontasWhat would you suggest to herWhat advice would you haveWhat would you do differently in Jamestown if you were BritishWhat if you were a PowhatanIf you went to Jamestown in 1607 would you want to be English or Powhatan?why
95 2nd Jamestown Ship More than 90% of Jamestown settlers died However England sent over a second shipWhyWhat were the reasons for a second ship do you thinkWould you have gone on the second shipWho do you think was on the second shipWhat kind of people, tools or items would you have brought from England?
96 Greed Slavery was a product of greed and racism (this is my opinion) What are your opinions concerning the slave tradeCould the colonies have started differentlyHowThe colonies were created as businesses to make moneyWas that right, could it have been differentWould that have changed our lives today
97 Weekend What was the favorite part of your weekend Huh, tell me – what was it?’WhyAre you still stoked from itDo you wanna do what was super fun again another weekendCan you
98 Which Colony?If you had to choose a colony from your map to live in, which one would you chooseWhyWhat would be the best things about living thereWhat would you do for workFor fun?
99 West Africa or Colonies If you lived in 1750 would you prefer to live in the colonies in the Americas or in West Africa where Kunta Kinte was living?WhyWhat would you enjoy about living thereWhat would you like mostWhat would you like the least
100 West African CultureWest Africa had many unique aspects to it (Political; Intellectual; Geography; Economic; Artistic; Religion; Social)What part of West African culture did you find the most interestingWhyIn what ways
101 How was that cultural aspect different than the cultures in other places EuropeAmericaAmerican Indians
102 Your Colony You are researching a colony What aspect of your colonies PIGEARS do you find the most interesting?Why
103 A day in your colonyIf you were a kid in your colony, what would be a typical day be like?SchoolFoodCulture; toysYour home lifeYour workWhat would your parents be like
104 Colony Brochure What has been your favorite part of your brochure WhyWhat part was the easiest to createWhat part was the hardest
105 Colony Brochure What do you think about this project Do you like it Should I change itHow and whyIs the brochure too much workIs it too simple or too hard?