2 SS6H6 The student will analyze the impact of European exploration and colonization on various world regions.a. Identify the causes of European exploration and colonization; include religion, natural resources, a market for goods, and the contributions of Prince Henry the Navigator.b. Trace the empires of Portugal, Spain, England, and France in Asia, Africa, and the Americas.
3 SS6H6 What is imperialism? When countries compete for land and power to build a large empire
4 SS6H6What is a colony?A region that is ruled by another country.
5 SS6H6 What were the contributions of Prince Henry the Navigator? He was a Portuguese explorer who established a school of navigation, mapmaking, and shipbuilding. He sponsored voyages along the African Coast.
6 SS6H6 Who was Christopher Columbus? He sailed west in 1492 for Spain to find new trade route to India. He unknowingly discovered the Americas. He made maps of the Caribbean and Central America.
7 SS6H6 What were the 3 main reasons for European exploragion (3 G’s)? God, Glory, and Gold
8 SS6H6 What product did the Europeans want from the markets in Asia? Spices
9 SS6H6 Who were the four main empires? Portugal, Spain, France and England
11 SS6H6Who colonized Australia, North America, India, and countries in Africa?England
12 SS6H6Who colonized most of Central and South America including the Aztec and Inca Empires?Spain
13 SS6H6Who colonized parts of Canada, Haiti, and Western Africa?France
14 SS6H6 Which European country colonized the largest area of the world? England
15 SS6H6Which country’s colonial empire is shaded below?
16 SS6H6Which country’s colonial empire is shaded below?
17 SS6H1The student will describe the impact of European contact on Latin America.a. Describe the encounter and consequences of the conflict between the Spanish and the Aztecs and Incas and the roles of Cortes, Montezuma, Pizarro, and Atahualpa.b. Explain the impact of the Columbian Exchange on Latin America and Europe in terms of the decline of the indigenous population, agricultural change, and the introduction of the horse.
20 SS6H1Who was Cortes?He conquered the Aztec Empire for Spain
21 SS6H1Who was Pizarro?He conquered the Inca Empire for Spain
22 SS6H1Who was Montezuma?He was the leader of the Aztec Empire.
23 SS6H1Who was Atahualpa?He was the leader of the Inca Empire.
24 SS6H1What is a conquistador?Spanish warrior/conqueror
25 SS6H1 Describe the Columbian Exchange. **What happened to the indigenous people, what were the changes in agriculture, and what important animal was introduced in the Americas?**Moving (back and forth) of animals, plants, people, and diseases from the Old World Europe to the New World Americas – a lot of the native people died from diseases, crops were exchanged and Europe became rich from these crops, the horse was introduced to the Americas which made growing crops easier
27 SS6H2The student will explain the development of Latin America and the Caribbean from European colonies to independent nations.a. Describe the influence of African slavery on the development of the Americas.b. Describe the influence of the Spanish and the Portuguese on the language and religions of Latin America
28 SS6H2 Spanish is the most spoken language in Latin America. Describe the influence of the Spanish and the Portuguese on the language and religions of Latin America.Spanish is the most spoken language in Latin America.Portuguese is spoken in Brazil.Catholic religion replaced the native religion.
29 SS6H2Describe the influence of African slavery on the development of the Americas.Slaves were brought to Americas to work in farming because they were immune to diseases and they worked hard.
30 SS6H4The student will describe the impact of European contact on Canada.a. Describe the influence of the French and the English on the language and religion of Canada.
31 SS6H4What influence did French and English have on the language and religion of Canada?English is the most spoken language in Canada and Christianity is the most prominent religion.
32 SS6H8The student will describe the culture and development of Australia prior to contact with Europeans.a. Describe the origins and culture of the Aborigines.
33 SS6H8Who were the aborigines?Native Australians
34 SS6H8What was the aborigine culture like before European colonization?Australians were simple people with their own language and religion. They told stories (dust echo) and used dance to pass down their history to each generation. They used dot art to share their culture. They were hunter-gatherers.
35 SS6H6The student will analyze the impact of European exploration and colonization on various world regions.c. Trace the colonization of Australia by the United Kingdom.
36 SS6H6 Who was Captain James Cook? He discovered, claimed, and mapped New South Wales and Australia for Great Britain.
37 SS6H9The student will explain the impact European exploration and colonization had on Australia.a. Explain the reasons for British colonization of Australia; include the use of prisoners as colonists.b. Explain the impact of European colonization of Australia in terms of diseases and weapons on the indigenous peoples of Australia.
38 SS6H9 What did Great Britain originally use Australia for? to send prisoners
39 SS6H9Explain the impact of European colonization of Australia (disease and weapons) on the indigenous people.Many native Australians were killed by diseases such as smallpox and the advanced weapons such as guns also killed many natives (aborigines).