Presentation on theme: "5.1. After winning the fr./ind.war,Br. controlled alot of land in n.a. They didn't want people to settle there so they issued the proclamation of 1763,"— Presentation transcript:
After winning the fr./ind.war,Br. controlled alot of land in n.a. They didn't want people to settle there so they issued the proclamation of 1763, stopping western settlements. this allowed the gov.(not colonists)to conrl.westward movement. This meant first: possibly avoiding conflicts with nat.am. secondly: less people would move away from the coast, were brit. important markets and investments were.
Some colo.saw the proc. as a limit to their freedom. this contributed to the distrust between Brit. and their col. after war they where left GB. with dept and made colo. pay with tax increase. This decision set off a chain of events enraged Am. col. and surprised Br. authorities.
The Sugar Act - Grenville=sugar act to increase tax revenue -1764 passed sugar act' lowered tax on molasses (lower tax=less smuggling) let officers seize smuggled goods w/o going to court -angered colonists b/c rights were violated writs of assistance=no secure homes vice-admiralty court=no jury trial w/o evidence -James Ottis deafened colonial rights taxation w/o representation
1765 parliament passed a law in effort to raise money. - This was called The Stamp Act. - Placed taxes on almost all printed materials in the colonies, including: Newspapers, magazines, and wills. Convinced colonists to take action Went against colonial affairs by taxing colonists directly Parliament ignored tradition of Self Government.
Protesting the Stamp Act Patrick Herney persuaded the burgesses to take action against the stamp act. The Virginia assembly passed a resolution. It stated that “the only and soul exclusive right and power to lay taxes”. In Boston Samuel Adams helped form the Sons of Liberty. - Samuel Adams later described the Boston massacre as blood thirsty red coats killing innocent on an orderly crowd of Americans.
Protesting the Stamp Act This lead to a strengthened anti British feeling During the summer of 1756 protesters burned effigies They also rated houses owned by the royal officials and marched in the streets saying that Americans are the only ones that can tax Americans.
The Act is Repealed – March 1766, the stamp act is repealed & canceled – The colonies trust in parliament was never fully restored Parliament is a legislature whose power and function are simular to those dictated by a system in the UK
The Act is Repealed – Parliament passed another act the same day The Declatory Act – Parliament had the right to tax and make descisions for the British colonies – This started another war
Townshend Act -Br. tried to show they learned from the Stamp Act Colonies wouldn’t tolerate internal taxes Br. Taxed them on: glass, tea, paper, & lead Colonists were outraged by taxes passed by Parliament believed only their representatives could tax them - Boycotted again - More widespread
Women took a role in protest - Organized groups supporting the boycott - Called The Daughters of Liberty - Urged colonist to wear homemade fabrics Believed this would help them become economically independent