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Icebreaker  Take out signed syllabus and pass to the front  Prior Knowledge??? What are some causes to the start of WWI?

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Presentation on theme: "Icebreaker  Take out signed syllabus and pass to the front  Prior Knowledge??? What are some causes to the start of WWI?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Icebreaker  Take out signed syllabus and pass to the front  Prior Knowledge??? What are some causes to the start of WWI?

2 Long Term Causes of WWI THE CAUSES OF WWI CAN BE EXPLAINED THROUGH THE ACRONYM M.A.N.I.A Militarism – countries expanded their armies, competing to build battleships Alliances – All the major powers, were linked, made it more likely that a war would start, made it more likely war would spread Nationalism – an age that all nations wanted to assert their power and independence Imperialism – All the great powers were competing for colonies and territories Assassination – Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria Hungary in Serbia

3 Militarism  All European states had concluded that large military forces were essential for their national existence  One, two, or even three years of service became mandatory  Each of the Continental Great Powers had not only a huge army but a huge standing civilian army  Naval competition between Germany and Great Britain…needed to protect their colonies, secure foreign trade and for the general purpose of greatness

4 Triple Alliance versus Triple Entente  Starting in 1870 Germany embarked on an industrial revolution of their own..(A “place in the sun”)  German merchants started to appear in foreign markets around the same time offering goods cheaper than those of the British  Germany turned up as a colonial rival of Britain and France in Africa, Middle East, and Far East  Otto von Bismarck of Germany formed a military alliance in 1879 with Austria-Hungary to which Italy was added in 1882 forming the Triple Alliance  The French faced by the Triple Alliance soon signed the Franco- Russian Alliance in 1894  Thus the continent was divided into two opposed camps

5 France & Great Britain  Traditionally Britain practiced “Splendid Isolation”  French recognized Britain occupation of Egypt, and Britain recognized French penetration of Morocco  Agreed to support each other against protests by third parties  By 1907 Britain, France, and Russia were acting together forming the Triple Entente

6 Crisis in Morocco & the Balkans  Germany was eager to test how far the British would go in support of France  Kaiswer William II was in favor of Moroccan independence (mainly to break up understanding between France & Britain )  The Old Ottoman Empire was ethnically and religiously divided  First Balkan Crisis – Austria proclaimed annexation of Bosnia…this angered the Serbs who had marked Bosnia their own

7 The Sarajevo Crisis  On June 28 th, 1914 Gravrilo Princip of the Black Hand of Serbia assassinated Archduke Francis Ferdinand in the streets of Sarajevo, the Bosnian capital, in the Austrian Empire  The Archduke would have soon become the emperor of  Austria gave Serbia an ultimatum demanding that Austrian officials be permitted to collaborate in investigating and punishing those responsible for the assassination  The Serbs rejected and the system of alliances would come into effect…

8 Sequence of events that led to the outbreak of European war in 1914  June 28, 1914: In Sarajevo a Serbian nationalist/terrorist assassinated Austrian Archduke Ferdinand (the heir to the throne of Austria) and his wife   July 27, 1914: Austria invades Serbia causing Russia a secret ally of Serbia to mobilize for war   August 1, 1914: Germany, an ally of Austria, declared war on Russia   August 3, 1914: Germany, declared war on France and invades Belgium (as the fastest way for the German Army to reach Paris)   August 4, 1914: Great Britain, ally of France, declared war on Germany


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