2 Causes of World War I - M A N I MANIA ilitarism – policy of building up strong military forces to prepare for warlliances - agreements between nations to aid and protect one anotherationalism – pride in or devotion to one’s countrymperialism – when one country takes over another country economically and politicallyssassination – murder of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand
3 Causes of World War I - Militarism Increased nationalism leads countries to believe they need a strong militaryAll Great Powers, except Great Britain (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Russia, Italy, & France) had a powerful standing armyGenerals develop plans for fast mobilization in case of war
4 1910-1914 Increase in Defense Expenditures Causes of World War I - MilitarismTotal Defense Expenditures for the Great Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy, France, Britain, Russia) in millions of £s (British pounds)18701880189019001910191494130154268289398Increase in Defense ExpendituresFrance10%Britain13%Russia39%Germany73%
5 Causes of World War I - Alliances Growing rivalries led to military alliances between Great PowersOtto von Bismarck (Prussia/Germany) thought France was trouble & formed alliance against them Triple Alliance (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy)Kaiser of Germany fires Bismarck and starts to build navy to rival Britain Britain nervous & forms entente, or alliance Triple Entente
6 Causes of World War I - Alliances Triple Entente/Allied PowersTriple Alliance/Central Powers:Great BritainGermanyAustria-HungaryFranceTensionItalyRussia
7 Causes of World War I - Nationalism Pan-Slavism - movement to unify the Slavic people of Eastern Europe, but under rule of Ottoman Empire or Austria-HungaryRussia/Austria-Hungary dispute- both trying to dominate in Balkans (Southeast Europe under Austria-Hungary) but strong nationalism of Serbs, Bulgarians, Romanians, and other ethnic groups
8 Imperialism: European conquest of Africa for raw materials and expansion of territory
9 Causes of World War I - Assassination Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand was killed in Bosnia by a Serbian nationalist who believed that Bosnia should belong to Serbia.
11 Causes of World War I - Assassination Gavrilo Princip of THE BLACK HAND after his assassination of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand.THE BLACK HAND was a secret society wishing to rid Bosnia of Austrian rule.
12 Causes of World War I - Assassination Archduke Franz Ferdinand and Duchess Sophie Sarajevo, Bosnia - June 28th, 1914.
13 The Point of No Return: The Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand Austria blamed Serbia for Ferdinand’s death and declared war on Serbia.Germany pledged their support for Austria -Hungary.Russia pledged their support for Serbia
14 The Point of No Return: The Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand Germany declares war on RussiaFrance pledges their support for RussiaGermany declares war on FranceGermany invades Belgium (neutral country) on the way to FranceGreat Britain supports Belgium and declares war on Germany
15 Allied Powers:Central Powers:GermanyGreat BritainWorld War IFranceAustria-HungaryRussiaItaly