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WWI: “The War to End All Wars”

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Presentation on theme: "WWI: “The War to End All Wars”"— Presentation transcript:

1 WWI: 1914-1919 “The War to End All Wars”
Objective: To recognize the main causes that built tension and led to the outbreak of WWI in 1914 among the European powers and assess the neutral United States involvement in the conflict. Hhi there

2 Causes of WWI: MANIA Militarism– policy of building up strong military forces to prepare for war Alliances - agreements between nations to aid and protect one another Nationalism– pride in or devotion to one’s country Imperialism– when one country takes over another country economically and politically Assassination– murder of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand


4 Militarism, Nationalism & Imperialism
European nations extended armies & navies Turmoil in the Balkans “The Powder Keg of Europe” Rival Nations: Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Montenegro, Romania, & Serbia battle for territory Minorities within Austria Hungary and other empires encouraged to throw off rule Berlin Congress- “Scramble for Africa”

5 Causes of World War I - Alliances
Triple Entente: Triple Alliance: Germany Great Britain Austria-Hungary France Tension Russia Italy

6 Assassination: June 28th 1914 Archduke Franz Ferdinand visiting Sarajevo (Bosnian capital) Gavrilo Princip assassinates the Archduke &his wife because he was a member of the Black Hand- a terrorist group that believed Bosnia should belong to Serbia (not Austria Hungary) Archduke Francis Ferdinand and his wife Sophie in Sarajevo June 28th 1914

7 Causes of World War I - Assassination

8 Causes of World War I - Assassination
Gavrilo Princip after his assassination of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand.

9 WWI Short- Term Causes Flowchart!
June 28th 1914 Assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand in Sarajevo (AH threatens war with Serbia & Russia- Serbia’s ally backs up Serbia) July 28th 1914 Austria Hungary declares war on Serbia (blaming them for assassination) July 29th 1914 Russia mobilizes forces → Germany (AH ally) asks Russia to halt- (they don’t) August 1st 1914 Germany declares war on Russia

10 WWI Short- Term Causes Flowchart! Contd.
August 3rd 1914 Germany declares war on France (Russia’s ally) August 4th 1914 On their way to France, Germany invades NEUTRAL Belgium: Great Britain declares war on Germany

11 Allied Powers: Central Powers: Germany Great Britain World War I France Austria-Hungary Ottoman Empire Russia Italy


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