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HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 1 Chapter 18 AMERICANS IN WORLD WAR II Section 1: Early Difficulties Section 2: The.

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Presentation on theme: "HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 1 Chapter 18 AMERICANS IN WORLD WAR II Section 1: Early Difficulties Section 2: The."— Presentation transcript:

1 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 1 Chapter 18 AMERICANS IN WORLD WAR II Section 1: Early Difficulties Section 2: The Home Front Section 3: Victory in Europe Section 4: Victory in Asia

2 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 2 Objectives: What were the strengths and weaknesses of the Allied Powers and Axis Powers in 1941? What were the strengths and weaknesses of the Allied Powers and Axis Powers in 1941? What steps did the United States take to prepare for war? What steps did the United States take to prepare for war? Where did the Japanese military attack after Pearl Harbor? Where did the Japanese military attack after Pearl Harbor? What were the early turning points of the war in the Pacific? What were the early turning points of the war in the Pacific? What were the major battles in Europe and North Africa in 1942? What were the major battles in Europe and North Africa in 1942? Section 1: Early Difficulties

3 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 3 Allied Powers Production capacity of U.S. and manpower of Soviet Union were advantages. Production capacity of U.S. and manpower of Soviet Union were advantages. Disadvantages included the enormous amount of land in enemy hands, the multi-front aspect of the war, and the long fight that had to be faced. Disadvantages included the enormous amount of land in enemy hands, the multi-front aspect of the war, and the long fight that had to be faced. Section 1: Early Difficulties

4 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 4 Axis Powers Axis was better prepared economically and had been rearmed since the 1930s. Axis was better prepared economically and had been rearmed since the 1930s. Axis had firm control over invaded areas and already had airfields, barracks, and military training centers. Axis had firm control over invaded areas and already had airfields, barracks, and military training centers. Axis powers’ main difficulty was defending multiple fronts. Axis powers’ main difficulty was defending multiple fronts. Section 1: Early Difficulties

5 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 5 U.S. preparations for war increased production increased production expanded the government expanded the government began to direct the economy began to direct the economy began to raise the army began to raise the army Section 1: Early Difficulties

6 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 6 Japanese attacks after Pearl Harbor Clark Airforce Base in the Philippines Clark Airforce Base in the Philippines Burma Burma Borneo Borneo the Netherlands East Indies the Netherlands East Indies Wake Island Wake Island Hong Kong Hong Kong Section 1: Early Difficulties

7 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 7 Early turning points of war in Pacific Battle of the Coral Sea Battle of the Coral Sea Battle of Midway Battle of Midway Guadalcanal Guadalcanal Section 1: Early Difficulties

8 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 8 Major battles of 1942 in Europe and North Africa Battle of El Alamein Battle of El Alamein Battle of Stalingrad Battle of Stalingrad Section 1: Early Difficulties

9 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 9 Objectives: How did the U.S. government try to keep wartime morale high? How did the U.S. government try to keep wartime morale high? What was life like in the United States during World War II? What was life like in the United States during World War II? How did women contribute to the war effort? How did women contribute to the war effort? What actions did the government take to protect the rights of minority groups? What actions did the government take to protect the rights of minority groups? How were Japanese Americans affected by the war? How were Japanese Americans affected by the war? Section 2: The Home Front

10 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 10 Keeping wartime morale high Office of War Information Office of War Information radio programs radio programs movies movies Section 2: The Home Front

11 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 11 Life in the U.S. during WWII long work hours and many sacrifices long work hours and many sacrifices restrictions restrictions blackouts blackouts air-raid drills air-raid drills victory gardens victory gardens Section 2: The Home Front

12 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 12 Contributions of women entered job market to replace soldiers entered job market to replace soldiers worked in plants worked in plants produced war products produced war products Section 2: The Home Front

13 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 13 Government actions to protect minority rights Fair Employment Practices Committee Fair Employment Practices Committee attempts to end discrimination in businesses with federal contracts attempts to end discrimination in businesses with federal contracts Section 2: The Home Front

14 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 14 Effects on Japanese Americans Many were relocated and interned. Many were relocated and interned. Interned people lost their property. Interned people lost their property. Hawaiian islands put under martial law because Japanese population was too large to relocate. Hawaiian islands put under martial law because Japanese population was too large to relocate. Some Japanese received limited military service opportunities. Some Japanese received limited military service opportunities. Section 2: The Home Front

15 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 15 Objectives: Where did the Allied offensive in Europe begin? Where did the Allied offensive in Europe begin? How did fighting in the Atlantic and in the air influence the land war in Europe? How did fighting in the Atlantic and in the air influence the land war in Europe? How did the Allies successfully carry out the Normandy invasion? How did the Allies successfully carry out the Normandy invasion? What was the Holocaust? What was the Holocaust? How did the Allies finally defeat Germany? How did the Allies finally defeat Germany? Section 3: Victory in Europe

16 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 16 Allied offensive in Europe The Allied offensive in Europe began in Sicily and Italy. Section 3: Victory in Europe

17 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 17 Effects of fighting in the Atlantic and in the air on the land war Sea dominance allowed the Allies to protect cargo ships and bomb Axis vessels. Sea dominance allowed the Allies to protect cargo ships and bomb Axis vessels. Strategic bombing from the air helped destroy German military factories and centers. Strategic bombing from the air helped destroy German military factories and centers. Section 3: Victory in Europe

18 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 18 The Normandy Invasion invasion of German-occupied France invasion of German-occupied France disinformation campaign to distract Germans disinformation campaign to distract Germans dummy invasion used as a decoy dummy invasion used as a decoy initial storming of beach caused high casualties initial storming of beach caused high casualties ultimately successful ultimately successful Section 3: Victory in Europe

19 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 19 The Holocaust The Holocaust was Nazi Germany’s slaughter of European Jews. The Germans took advantage of long-standing anti-Semitism and Allied inaction to do it. Section 3: Victory in Europe

20 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 20 Final defeat of Germany September, 1944: Battle of the Bulge September, 1944: Battle of the Bulge February, 1945: Yalta Conference February, 1945: Yalta Conference early 1945: Allies bomb Germany early 1945: Allies bomb Germany March, 1945: Allies invade Germany March, 1945: Allies invade Germany April, 1945: Hitler commits suicide April, 1945: Hitler commits suicide May, 1945: Germany surrenders May, 1945: Germany surrenders Section 3: Victory in Europe

21 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 21 Objectives: How did the United States carry out its island- hopping plan? How did the United States carry out its island- hopping plan? How did the battles at Iwo Jima and Okinawa affect the war? How did the battles at Iwo Jima and Okinawa affect the war? What led the United States to use atomic weapons against Japan? What led the United States to use atomic weapons against Japan? What were the human and economic costs of World War II? What were the human and economic costs of World War II? Section 4: Victory in Asia

22 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 22 Island-hopping conquered strategically important islands conquered strategically important islands cut off other islands cut off other islands some islands chosen as launching pads for invasion of Japan some islands chosen as launching pads for invasion of Japan Section 4: Victory in Asia

23 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 23 Iwo Jima and Okinawa These two battles were incredibly difficult and bloody, and though the U.S. won, the fighting demonstrated that the Japanese would not surrender. Section 4: Victory in Asia

24 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 24 Reasons for use of the atomic bomb enormous cost of an invasion enormous cost of an invasion continued Japanese resistance continued Japanese resistance desire to demonstrate U.S. power to the Soviet Union desire to demonstrate U.S. power to the Soviet Union Section 4: Victory in Asia

25 HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON The American Nation HOLT IN THE MODERN ERA 25 Costs of World War II killed millions of people and wounded many more killed millions of people and wounded many more resulted in the Holocaust resulted in the Holocaust destroyed economies of many nations destroyed economies of many nations ruined countless cities ruined countless cities destroyed national infrastructures destroyed national infrastructures Section 4: Victory in Asia


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