Presentation on theme: "Chapter 18 AMERICANS IN WORLD WAR II"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 18 AMERICANS IN WORLD WAR II The American Nation In the Modern Era4/6/2017Chapter 18 AMERICANS IN WORLD WAR IISection 1: Early DifficultiesSection 2: The Home FrontSection 3: Victory in EuropeSection 4: Victory in AsiaCHAPTER 18--AMERICANS IN WORLD WAR II
2 Objectives: Section 1: Early Difficulties What were the strengths and weaknesses of the Allied Powers and Axis Powers in 1941?What steps did the United States take to prepare for war?Where did the Japanese military attack after Pearl Harbor?What were the early turning points of the war in the Pacific?What were the major battles in Europe and North Africa in 1942?
3 Allied Powers Section 1: Early Difficulties Production capacity of U.S. and manpower of Soviet Union were advantages.Disadvantages included the enormous amount of land in enemy hands, the multi-front aspect of the war, and the long fight that had to be faced.
4 Axis Powers Section 1: Early Difficulties Axis was better prepared economically and had been rearmed since the 1930s.Axis had firm control over invaded areas and already had airfields, barracks, and military training centers.Axis powers’ main difficulty was defending multiple fronts.
5 U.S. preparations for war Section 1: Early DifficultiesU.S. preparations for warincreased productionexpanded the governmentbegan to direct the economybegan to raise the army
6 Japanese attacks after Pearl Harbor Section 1: Early DifficultiesJapanese attacks after Pearl HarborClark Airforce Base in the PhilippinesBurmaBorneothe Netherlands East IndiesWake IslandHong Kong
7 Early turning points of war in Pacific Section 1: Early DifficultiesEarly turning points of war in PacificBattle of the Coral SeaBattle of MidwayGuadalcanal
8 Major battles of 1942 in Europe and North Africa Section 1: Early DifficultiesMajor battles of 1942 in Europe and North AfricaBattle of El AlameinBattle of Stalingrad
9 Objectives: Section 2: The Home Front How did the U.S. government try to keep wartime morale high?What was life like in the United States during World War II?How did women contribute to the war effort?What actions did the government take to protect the rights of minority groups?How were Japanese Americans affected by the war?
10 Keeping wartime morale high Section 2: The Home FrontKeeping wartime morale highOffice of War Informationradio programsmovies
11 Life in the U.S. during WWII Section 2: The Home FrontLife in the U.S. during WWIIlong work hours and many sacrificesrestrictionsblackoutsair-raid drillsvictory gardens
12 Contributions of women Section 2: The Home FrontContributions of womenentered job market to replace soldiersworked in plantsproduced war products
13 Government actions to protect minority rights Section 2: The Home FrontGovernment actions to protect minority rightsFair Employment Practices Committeeattempts to end discrimination in businesses with federal contracts
14 Effects on Japanese Americans Section 2: The Home FrontEffects on Japanese AmericansMany were relocated and interned.Interned people lost their property.Hawaiian islands put under martial law because Japanese population was too large to relocate.Some Japanese received limited military service opportunities.
15 Objectives: Section 3: Victory in Europe Where did the Allied offensive in Europe begin?How did fighting in the Atlantic and in the air influence the land war in Europe?How did the Allies successfully carry out the Normandy invasion?What was the Holocaust?How did the Allies finally defeat Germany?
16 Allied offensive in Europe Section 3: Victory in EuropeAllied offensive in EuropeThe Allied offensive in Europe began in Sicily and Italy.
17 Effects of fighting in the Atlantic and in the air on the land war Section 3: Victory in EuropeEffects of fighting in the Atlantic and in the air on the land warSea dominance allowed the Allies to protect cargo ships and bomb Axis vessels.Strategic bombing from the air helped destroy German military factories and centers.
18 The Normandy Invasion Section 3: Victory in Europe invasion of German-occupied Francedisinformation campaign to distract Germansdummy invasion used as a decoyinitial storming of beach caused high casualtiesultimately successful
19 The Holocaust Section 3: Victory in Europe The Holocaust was Nazi Germany’s slaughter of European Jews. The Germans took advantage of long-standing anti-Semitism and Allied inaction to do it.
20 Final defeat of Germany Section 3: Victory in EuropeFinal defeat of GermanySeptember, 1944: Battle of the BulgeFebruary, 1945: Yalta Conferenceearly 1945: Allies bomb GermanyMarch, 1945: Allies invade GermanyApril, 1945: Hitler commits suicideMay, 1945: Germany surrenders
21 Objectives: Section 4: Victory in Asia How did the United States carry out its island-hopping plan?How did the battles at Iwo Jima and Okinawa affect the war?What led the United States to use atomic weapons against Japan?What were the human and economic costs of World War II?
22 Island-hopping Section 4: Victory in Asia conquered strategically important islandscut off other islandssome islands chosen as launching pads for invasion of Japan
23 Iwo Jima and Okinawa Section 4: Victory in Asia These two battles were incredibly difficult and bloody, and though the U.S. won, the fighting demonstrated that the Japanese would not surrender.
24 Reasons for use of the atomic bomb Section 4: Victory in AsiaReasons for use of the atomic bombenormous cost of an invasioncontinued Japanese resistancedesire to demonstrate U.S. power to the Soviet Union
25 Costs of World War II Section 4: Victory in Asia killed millions of people and wounded many moreresulted in the Holocaustdestroyed economies of many nationsruined countless citiesdestroyed national infrastructures