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Major Conflict and Outcomes of World War II Chapter 26 p. 806 – 838 Primarily p. 814- 822.

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Presentation on theme: "Major Conflict and Outcomes of World War II Chapter 26 p. 806 – 838 Primarily p. 814- 822."— Presentation transcript:

1 Major Conflict and Outcomes of World War II Chapter 26 p. 806 – 838 Primarily p

2 Origins of World War II March 15, 1939 Hitler invaded and took control of Western Czechoslovakia Declared he would be the greatest German of all France & Britain begin negotiations with the Soviet Union August 23, 1939 Germany and the Soviet Union sign the Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Pact September 1, 1939 Germany invaded Poland September 3, 1939 Britain and France declare war on Germany

3 Japanese Path to War Sept seized Manchuria Began to spread into Northern China Chiang Kai Shek ignored Japan to deal with Communists July 1937 – Chinese & Japanese forces clash in Beijing December 1937 – Rape of Nanjing Summer of 1940 – Japan demanded right to exploit economic resources in French Indochina U.S. objected & threatened to impose economic sanctions

4 Two Sides Allied Powers Great Britain France United States (after Dec 7, 1941) Soviet Union (after Summer 1941) Axis Powers Germany Italy Japan

5 Europe at War Germany stunned Europe with speed & efficiency of attack on Poland Blitzkrieg or “lightning war” used armored columns, called panzer divisions, supported by airplanes Within 4 weeks –Sept 28, 1939– Poland surrendered and was divided between Germany & the Soviet Union

6 Hitler’s Early Victories April 9, 1940– Blitzkrieg against Denmark & Norway May 10, 1940 – Germany launched an attack on Belgium, the Netherlands, & France Main assault was through Luxembourg Raced across northern France; France signed an armistice on June 22 Approximately 3/5 of France occupied by German armies Vichy France– authoritarian regime under Germany control ruling the rest of France

7 Battle of Britain Germany realized an Amphibious (land & sea) invasion could only be successful if Germany gained control of the air August 1940, the Luftwaffe, German air force – launched a major offensive, bombing British air & naval bases, harbors, communication centers, and war industries In September after British bombed Berlin, Germany began bombing cities to weaken British morale.

8 Attack on Soviet Union Germany had no desire for a two front war, but were convinced Britain only remained in the war b/c it expected Soviet support. June 22, 1941 – Germany invaded the Soviet Union Massive attack stretched across 1800 miles through Ukraine, Leningrad, and a third 25 miles from Moscow (the Soviet capital) Early winter & fierce resistance halted the German advance

9 Pearl Harbor December 7, 1941 – Japanese aircraft attacked the US naval base at Pearl Harbor in the Hawaiian Island Hoped to destroy the US fleet in the Pacific & cause the US to accept Japanese control of the Pacific BUT… it unified American opinion about being involved in the war US joined European nations and China to defeat Japan Believing American involvement in the Pacific would make them ineffective in the European theater, Hitler declared war on the United States December 11, 1941

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12 El Alamein In early 1942, defeat was far from Hitler’s mind. In North Africa, German forces under Gen. Erwin Rommel broke through British defenses in Egypt & advanced toward Alexandria. British forces stopped Rommel at El Alamein – Summer 1942 – causing Germans to retreat across desert November 1942 – British & American forces invaded French North Africa– forced German & Italian troops to surrender in May 1943

13 Stalingrad Major industrial center on the Volga One of the most terrible battles of the war Nov 1942 – Feb 2, 1943 – Soviet troops stopped, encircled, & cut off supply lines of Germans Entire German sixth army, considered best of the German troops, were forced to surrender

14 ASIAN THEATER

15 Battle of Midway Island Turning point of war in Asia June 4, 1942 US planes destroyed attacking Japanese aircraft carriers Established US naval superiority in the Pacific

16 Guadalcanal Campaign Aug 7, 1942 – Feb 9, 1943 First major offensive launched by Allied Forces against the empire of Japan First significant strategic combined arms victory Combined Allied land, naval, and air forces – 60,000 ground forces (allied) v. 36,200 Japanese ground forces Marked transition to Allied offensive rather than defensive Island – hopping approach promoted by generals such as Douglas MacArthur

17 The Battle for the Philippines 1941 – 1942 US and Filipino forces led by General Douglas MacArthur Japan wanted to remove as a US base Japan invaded but were strongly resisted US- Filipino outnumbered Japanese but were low on food & medical supplies and lacked air support (attacked by Japanese 12/7/41) Japanese victory but became a symbol of hope for US in early days of war and caused Japan to expend more resources than they had planned Clearly showed US was unprepared for war in 1941

18 End of War in Europe June 4, 1944 – Rome fell to Allies after heavy casualties as Allies fought through Italy June 6, 1944 – D – Day – Allied forces under US General Dwight D. Eisenhower landed on the Normandy Beaches in history’s greatest naval invasion. Fought past mines, barbed wire, and machine gun fire to establish a beachhead Within 3 months, Allies had landed 2 million men & half a million vehicles into France

19 D-Day Photos x.html x.html cartomah.php cartomah.php omaha.php?ref=memoria&id=1&idmax=10 omaha.php?ref=memoria&id=1&idmax=10 php?cim=collevil&id=1 php?cim=collevil&id=1 php?cim=james&id=9 php?cim=james&id=9

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21 End of the War in Europe Continued… In August 1944 the Allies liberated Paris March 1945 advanced into Germany Battle of Kursk, July 5 -12, greatest tank battle of WWII- Soviets defeated Germany April 30, 1945 – Hitler committed suicide May 7, 1945 – German commanders surrendered May 8, 1945 – VE Day

22 End of the War in Asia Harry S. Truman became President of the U.S. April 1945 Hoped using the atomic weapons would keep the US from having to invade Japan August 6, 1945 – Bombing of Hiroshima August 9, 1945 – Bombing of Nagasaki Both cities were leveled; thousands died immediately and thousands more from radiation in the months following August 14, 1945 – Japan surrendered August 15, 1945 – VJ Day

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24 Summary Results of WWII Total deaths approximately 62 million Civilian deaths approximately 32 million Military deaths approximately 24 million Holocaust deaths- Jewish 6 million Total destruction of Europe

25 Results of World War II CountryMilitary deathsCivilian deathsJewish Holocaust deathsTotal deaths China3,000,0007,000,00010,000,000 France212,000267,00083,000562,000 Germany5,500,0001,840,000160,0007,500,000 Italy306,400145,1008,000459,500 Japan2,000,000600,000 2,600,000 Poland400,0002,200,0003,000,0005,600,000 Soviet Union10,700,00011,500,0001,000,00023,200,000 United Kingdom382,60067,800450,400 United States407,30011, ,500 Totals24,456,10032,326,6005,754,00062,536,700

26 Each symbol indicates 100,000 dead in the appropriate theater of operations

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