Presentation on theme: "Black Social and Economic Progress"— Presentation transcript:
1 Black Social and Economic Progress Chapter 9 Key TermsBlack Social and Economic ProgressPagesphilanthropistsBooker T. WashingtonW.E.B. DuboisNiagara Movementvaudevilleyellow journalismpoll taxsegregationgrandfather clauseJim Crow LawslynchingPlessy v. FergusonNAACPBooker T. WashingtonWEB DuBoisList characteristics and information to describe his approach.
2 Quiz over Chapter 9 & T Chart 1. laws that exempted men from voting restrictions2. system of legal discrimination3. a fee that must be paid before voting4. the murder of an accused person by a mob without a lawful trial5. decision legalizing segregation6. a kind of inexpensive variety show that became popular in the 1870s. Using your T Chart identify the person described in each:A. Booker T Washington B. WEB DuBois7. leader of the NAACP8. founded Tuskegee Institute9. encouraged gaining vocational skills10. First African American to get a Ph.D. from HarvardQuiz over Chapter 9 & T Chart
3 Founded the Tuskegee Institute List characteristics and information to describe their approach.Booker T. WashingtonWEB DuBoisFounded the Tuskegee InstituteInstructed his students to focus on political equality through economic security by gaining vocational skillsFelt Blacks could achieve acceptance by succeeding economically1st African American to earn a Ph.D. from HarvardEncouraged African American’s to be leadersEncouraged African Americans to seek advanced liberal arts education rather than vocational.Founded the Niagra MovementBecame a leader of the NAACP
4 Booker T. And W.E.B. by Dudley Randall “It seems to me,” said Booker T.,“That all you folks have missed the boatWho shout about the right to vote,And spend vain days and sleepless nightsIn uproar over civil rights.Just keep your mouth shut, do not grouseBut work, and save, and buy a house.”“I don’t agree,” said W.E.B.,“For what can property availIf dignity and justice fail?Unless you help to make the laws,They’ll steal your house with trumped-up clause.A rope’s as tight, a fire as hot,No matter how much cash you’ve got.Speak soft, and try your little plan.But as for me, I’ll be a man.”“It seems to me,” said Booker T. –“I don’t agree,” said W.E.B.Booker T. And W.E.B. by Dudley Randall“It seems to me,” said Booker T.,“It shows a mighty lot of cheekTo study chemistry and GreekWhen Mister Charlie needs a handTo hoe the cotton on his land.And when Miss Ann looks for a cook,Why stick your nose into a book?”“I don’t agree,” said W.E.B.“If I should have the drive to seekKnowledge of chemistry or Greek,I’ll do it. Charles and Miss can lookAnother place for hand and cook.Some men rejoice in skill of hand,And some in cultivating land,But there are others who maintainThe right to cultivate the brain.”
7 Background of the case: In 1890 Louisiana passed a law ordering railroads in the state “to provide equal but separate accommodations for the white and colored races.”Railway personnel were responsible for assigning seats according to race.
8 June 7, 1892Homer Plessy, a native of Louisiana, who could “pass” for white agreed to the test case so he sat in in the white section and was arrestedHe was tried and found guilty of violating the lawHe appealed to the Louisiana Supreme Court and then to the US Supreme Court.
9 Constitutional Issue: 13th Amendment- The segregated society that the south had created contained the essential features of the slave society before it.14th AmendmentThe segregated society denied him “equal protection of the law”What is it?What is it?
10 The Decision: 8 out of the 9 judges denied his appeal. Justice Henry Brown wrote the Majority opinion stating that their decision was based on:Does not violate the 13th amendment because “a legal distinction between white and colored races… has no tendency to destroy the legal equality of the two races”
11 Does not violate the 14th Amendment because the amendment “was not intended to give Negroes social equality but only political and civil equality” and the court cannot enforce social equality. Simply stated – court can’t make us all be friends
12 In his famous dissenting opinion, John Marshall Harlan attacked the constitutionality of the Louisiana law and argued that while the law may appear to treat blacks and whites equally, "every one knows that the statute in question had its origin in the purpose, not so much to exclude white persons from railroad cars occupied by blacks, as to exclude colored people from coaches occupied by or assigned to white persons.“ Harlan saw the Constitution as “color-blind, and neither knows nor tolerates classes among citizens.”
13 Separate but equal Plessy v. Ferguson will be the law of the land for over 50 years.
14 African Americans and Women During the Gilded Age
15 African American Men:In the South, by 1908 there were no more black state representativesBy 1900, there was only one Southern black Congressmen in WashingtonBy there was noticeable public discrimination in theaters, restaurants, hotels, etc. in the South.Disenfranchisement of blacks begins (literacy tests, poll taxes)1883- legal segregation begins in the South beginslynchings average around 190 each yearsome men became lawyers, doctors, professors and wealthy business ownerseducated and wealthy blacks could go to Harvard, Yale, Columbia, as well as many other universities
16 Women:“Women’s God-given role, if to be stated, is as wife and mother, keeper of the household, guardian of the moral purity of all who lived therein.”95% of married women stayed home inhad little outside contact of the home; often had a servant who went to market and did all outside choresrose around 4:30 and did chores (cooking, cleaning, keeping fire, sewing, wash, etc.) until 8:00women were measured by how happy their husband was, how moral their children were and how clean, neat and organized your home was.Wear a corset: this exerted 22 pounds of pressure on internal organs, which often caused collapsed lungs and displaced livers.Could go to a few male colleges but were segregated and told that they “could not maintain the academic rigor of the male population.”All-female colleges began that offered varied courses but upon graduation women found it difficult to get a job as anything else besides secretary, nurse, or teacher.
17 1890 Writing AssignmentWe have studied Plessy v. Ferguson, and glimpsed at the condition of both African Americans and women during the Gilded Age. In a three-paragraph response tell me, if given the choice, would you have rather been an African American man or a white woman in the year You must choose one. Use your Plessy v. Ferguson notes, notes on men & women during the Gilded Age, Chapter nine of your textbook and the notes from the overhead to support your answer. While you must include historical proof, you may also include some of your own sociological observations on race and gender. Your answer needs to be clear and convincing. You must follow the format I have provided for you. Nowhere in this paper will you use “I.” I know that what you write is what you think. Do not write “I think” or use the first person pronouns. Write in factual terms: “It would have been easier to have been a white woman rather than a black man in 1890 because….”
18 Paragraph One:Tell me, in general terms, what life was like for both females and African Americans during the Gilded Age. Your paragraph will end with your thesis statement. The thesis statement will indicate your position on whom it would have been better to be in 1890: a black man or a white woman. Make sure your paragraph flows and follows proper grammar.Paragraph Two:In this paragraph, make your argument of why it would have been better to be either a black man or a white woman. You must provide a minimum of three examples of proof that support your decision. The type of proof you choose will determine how convincing your argument is. For example, do not tell me that it would have been better to be a black man because you could get lynched.Paragraph Three:This is your conclusion paragraph. Summarize the information you have presented in both the first and second paragraphs. You must also restate your thesis statement and remind the reader of why you choose the position you did.