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 13 th Amendment- Freed the slaves  14 th Amendment- Due Process; everyone equal before the law and entitled to same rights  15 th Amendment- Universal.

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Presentation on theme: " 13 th Amendment- Freed the slaves  14 th Amendment- Due Process; everyone equal before the law and entitled to same rights  15 th Amendment- Universal."— Presentation transcript:

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2  13 th Amendment- Freed the slaves  14 th Amendment- Due Process; everyone equal before the law and entitled to same rights  15 th Amendment- Universal Male Suffrage

3  De Jure- segregation based on law  De Facto- segregation based on tradition (social and economic factors- not laws)  Disenfranchisement- deny a certain group the right to vote  KKK and lynchings will be a means to keep blacks from voting  Jim Crow Laws- laws preventing former slaves from doing certain things

4  Voting Restrictions  Poll Tax- tax that was required in order to vote  Literacy Tests- required tests to qualify for voting  Grandfather Clause- people could still vote (even if they didn’t pay tax or pass test) if their father or grandfather was eligible to vote before Jan. 1, 1867

5  Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)  Separation by race was legal and did not violate the 14 th amendment  “Separate but equal” was constitutional

6  Ida Wells  Journalist- investigated and spoke publicly on lynching  Co-founded the National Association of Colored Women  Fought for civil rights, especially after Plessy decision

7  Booker T. Washington  Born into slavery, educated after emancipation  Became head of Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute  Wanted whites and blacks to work together for social progress  Wanted economic independence for black Americans  Preached evolution and integration, not revolution  Did not oppose segregation  Challenged by Ida Wells and W.E.B. DuBois W.E.B. DuBois Disagreed with Washington Believed blacks should be politically, legally and socially active to become truly equal Niagara Movement- meeting of leading African-Americans that led to the founding of the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People)

8 Washington Preached accomodation (for now)- accept segregation Blacks better themselves thru hard work and education- economic opportunities DuBois Advocated political action and a civil rights agenda Co-founder of NAACP Want immediate end to segregation Achieve end to segregation by fighting it politically- use court system

9  “Back to Africa Movement”  Move back go Africa to find homeland  Important for building “Black Pride”

10  Great Migration  Movement of thousands of African-Americans to northern cities in search of jobs  Lead to an increase in de facto segregation in urban cities (NYC, Philadelphia, Chicago, Detroit, etc.)  African Americans thought North would be better- ability to open small businesses, buy or rent property, send their children to public school  Discrimination still exists in North

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