Presentation on theme: "CITIZENSHIP AND THE CONSTITUTION (1787–Present)"— Presentation transcript:
1CITIZENSHIP AND THE CONSTITUTION (1787–Present) CALL TO FREEDOM--Beginnings to 18774/6/2017CITIZENSHIP AND THE CONSTITUTION (1787–Present)Chapter 9Chapter 9
2Section 1: Understanding the Constitution Balance of PowerThe constitution tried to balance the state and federal government by giving each the following powers:Delegated powers – federal governmentReserved powers – state governmentConcurrent powers – shared by state and federal governmentRepresentative Democracy- govt. led by elected officialsElastic Clause -allows congress to make laws that are “necessary and proper”
3Understanding the Constitution SECTION 1Understanding the ConstitutionDelegated PowersConcurrentPowersReserved Powerscoining moneyproviding for the nation’s defensedeclaring warconducting diplomacyregulating interstate & international tradetaxingborrowing moneyenforcing lawsproviding for citizens’ welfareconducting electionsestablishing local governmentsregulating educationregulating trade within each state
4Separation of PowersMontesquieu felt that the government should be divided into three branches: The legislative, executive, and judicialHe based his beliefs on the English system of Government
6Checks and BalancesEach branch of government should be able to check the other twoThis would keep them in line, and prevent any one branch from becoming too powerful
7Role of Monarchs Montesquieu was opposed to absolute monarchy He felt that the monarch should be the head of the executive branchOne executive leader would be more effective than many
8LibertyMontesquieu believed that there is no liberty if the powers aren’t separatedAlso believed that women were NOT worthy of the same liberties as men
9Effects on the modern world Inspired American form of governmentFor example, the separation of powers with a system of checks and balances was adopted
103 Branches of Government Congress, the President, and the Federal Courts
11Congress-Legislative Branch House of Representatives – 25 years old, U.S. citizen for 7 years, resident of state in which he or she is electedSenate – 30 years old, U.S. citizen for 9 years, resident of the state he or she represents“Makes the law”Each of the two houses of Congress was granted different powers. Each was also designed with different methods of election and different term lengths, making the House more receptive to public opinion and the Senate more stable.
12POTUS & VPOTUS Executive Branch “Carries out the law”The President would be chosen by a group of electors from each state. The candidate with the majority of votes in the electoral college, would become President. The President was granted the power to veto Congress and to appoint judges.Executive Branch – 35 years old, native born citizen, U.S. resident for 14 years
13The Federal Courts-Judicial “Interpret the law”The Constitution calls for one Supreme Court and several lesser courts, although the details of the federal court system were intentionally left vague.appointed by president for life, no special requirements
14Requirements for Membership Section 1: Understanding the ConstitutionRequirements for MembershipLegislative BranchHouse of Representatives – 25 years old, U.S. citizen for 7 years, resident of state in which he or she is electedSenate – 30 years old, U.S. citizen for 9 years, resident of the state he or she representsExecutive Branch – 35 years old, native born citizen, U.S. resident for 14 yearsJudicial Branch – appointed by president for life, no special requirements
16Main Freedoms Outlined in the First Amendment and Their Importance Section 2: The Bill of RightsMain Freedoms Outlined in the First Amendment and Their ImportanceThe First Amendment guarantees freedom of religion, press, speech, assembly and the right to petition.These rights are important because they form the most basic rights of all citizens.
17The Bill of Rights SECTION 2 First Amendment Freedom of Religion The country cannot have an official religion.FirstAmendmentFreedom of the PressPeople cannot libel or slander others.Freedom of SpeechPeople cannot yell “Fire!” in a crowded theater.Freedom to PetitionAny American can present a petition to a government official.Freedom of AssemblyPeople can hold meetings.
18The Second, Third, and Fourth Amendments address colonial grievances. Section 2: The Bill of RightsThe Second, Third, and Fourth Amendments address colonial grievances.Second – state militiaThird – no quartering of soldiers in peacetimeFourth – no unreasonable searches and seizures/search warrants
19The Rights of the Accused – 5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th Amendments Section 2: The Bill of RightsThe Rights of the Accused – 5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th Amendments5th Amendment – due process of law, indictment, no person forced to testify at his own trial, no double jeopardy6th Amendment – quick trial by jury, nature and cause accusation, confronted with the witness against him, obtaining witnesses in his favor, right to an attorney
20The Rights of the Accused – 5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th Amendments Section 2: The Bill of Rights(continued)The Rights of the Accused – 5th, 6th, 7th, and 8th Amendments7th Amendment – jury can decide civil cases8th Amendment – no excessive bail, fines, or cruel and unusual punishment
21Section 3: Rights and Responsibilities of Citizenship Becoming a U.S. Citizenbirthnaturalization
22Section 3: Rights and Responsibilities of Citizenship Duties of Citizensfulfill civic responsibilitiesobey and know the lawsrespect authority and the rights of otherspay taxesprotect the nation in time of dangerserve on juries
23Section 3: Rights and Responsibilities of Citizenship Citizen InvolvementCitizens should be involved in their community and government tostrengthen their nationhelp their neighborsVOTE
24Rights and Responsibilities of Citizenship SECTION 3Rights and Responsibilities of CitizenshipOrganizationActivities and ResultsCitizens on Patrol and Neighborhood Watchpatrol their neighborhood; report criminal activity to the police; help prevent crime; keep crime rates down in the neighborhoodAmerican Red Crossdoes jobs along with the government; helps citizens in times of natural disasters or emergenciesHabitat for Humanitybuilds houses for low-income familiesBoy Scouts and Girl Scoutsplan many projects for the community, such as planting trees
25Chapter Wrap-Up CHAPTER 9 1. How does the Constitution prevent any one branch of government from becoming too powerful? Be sure to consider all three branches of government.2. Why is voting an important responsibility in a representative democracy?3. In what ways does the U.S. government protect the rights of all Americans?