Presentation on theme: "Chapter Four – The Bill of Rights Section One"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter Four – The Bill of Rights Section One The first ten Amendments to the ConstitutionWhile the Constitution describes the powers and authority of the national government.The Bill of Rights describes the powers and rights of the American citizens.Ratified in 1791 – it shows the Framers strong belief in the principles of limited government.
2Chapter Four –The Bill of Rights Section One The First AmendmentMost widely known and discussedFive basic freedomsSpeechReligionPressAssemblyFreedom to petition the government
3Chapter Four –The Bill of Rights Section One The Second AmendmentAllowed to serve in state militia and bear armsRealistic view of the right to bear arms
4Chapter Four –The Bill of Rights Section One The Third AmendmentLimit the Government in quartering soldiers peace time and in war time.
5Chapter Four –The Bill of Rights Section One The Fourth AmendmentProtects citizens from illegal search and seizures.Use of a search warrant
6Chapter Four –The Bill of Rights Section One The Fifth AmendmentCannot be tried without being indictedPrevents double jeopardyRight to remain silentDue process of lawEminent domain
7Chapter Four –The Bill of Rights Section One The Sixth AmendmentProtects those accused of crimesTold of chargesTrial by jurySpeedy trialRight to confront witnesses against themRight to a lawyer
8Chapter Four –The Bill of Rights Section One The Seventh AmendmentThe right to trail by jury in civil (versus criminal) cases over $20.00.Tort law
9Chapter Four –The Bill of Rights Section One The Eighth AmendmentProhibits excessive bail or finesProhibits cruel and unusual punishment
10Chapter Four –The Bill of Rights Section One The Ninth AmendmentSpecifies that the rights listed in the Constitution are not the individuals only rights.Many of the rights we enjoy are not listed in the Constitution, yet still protected.
11Chapter Four –The Bill of Rights Section One The Tenth AmendmentStates that the rights not specifically assigned to the national government, belong to the states or the people.VS
12Section One Terms Define the following Search warrant Indict Double jeopardyDue process of lawEminent domainBail
13Chapter Four –The Bill of Rights Section Two The First AmendmentDemocracy requires an open exchange of ideasFreedoms under the First Amendment are the hallmarks of freedom.New ideas allow a democracy to grow and changeFreedom of religion, press, speech, assembly and petition are the foundation of America.
14Chapter Four –The Bill of Rights Section Two Freedom of ReligionProtects freedom of religion in two waysProhibits Congress from establishing an official religionSeparation of church and stateAllows citizens to practice religion as they wish
15Chapter Four –The Bill of Rights Section Two Freedom of SpeechAllowed to say what is on their mind without fear of punishment, in public and/or privateLimitsSlanderTreason“fire”Freedom of speech has been expanded to cover issues such as art, music and even clothing.“Interpretation and other’s rights”
16Chapter Four –The Bill of Rights Section Two Freedom of PressAllowed to express oneself in printMagazines, books and newspapersToday includes TV, radio and internetNot only to publish, but to readlibel
17Chapter Four –The Bill of Rights Section Two Freedom of AssemblyAssemble in groups as long as they are peacefulAttend meetings, parades, rallies etc.Right to form and join organizationsBelong to any group
18Chapter Four –The Bill of Rights Section Two Freedom of PetitionThe right to express our ideas to the governmentWe can write our representatives and request something or express our point of viewThey are not required to follow that request
19Chapter Four –The Bill of Rights Section Two Limits to the FreedomsThese freedoms do not allow us to do things that would break the law.The rights of the individual are what make this country great, but the rights of the majority take precedent.
20Section Two TermsDefine the followingSlanderTreasonLibelpetition
21Chapter Four – The Bill of Rights Extended Section Three In 1791 the Bill of Rights did not apply to all peopleWomenAfrican AmericansChildren under 21The “Civil War” Amendments13th Amendment ended slavery (1865)Also, no forced labor except as punishment
22Chapter Four – The Bill of Rights Extended Section Three The 14th AmendmentDefined U.S. citizen as anyone born or naturalized in the United StatesStates forbidden from interfering with the “privileges or immunities” of citizens of U.S.States cannot take away rights granted by Federal GovernmentRequired every state to grant “equal protection of the laws”
23Chapter Four – The Bill of Rights Extended Section Three The 15th AmendmentAfrican American granted suffrage, or right to votePoll taxLiteracy test
24Chapter Four – The Bill of Rights Extended Section Three Voting rights and electionsThe 17th AmendmentAllowed citizens to elect Senators not state legislaturesThe 19th AmendmentThe Constitution did not grant suffrage to women, but it did not deny it either. It was up to the individual states.Certain states and territories allowed women to voteWyoming the first state in 1869
25Chapter Four – The Bill of Rights Extended Section Three Voting rights and electionsThe 23rd AmendmentAllowed the residents of Washington D.C. to vote in national elections (1961)“Taxation without representation”The 24th AmendmentEliminated the poll taxThe 26th AmendmentLowered voting age from 21 to 18
26Section Three TermsDefine the followingSuffragePoll tax