2What is a pronoun?Pronouns replace nouns. We use them to avoid repeating words over and over.Marie is a nice girl. Marie has been in my class since first grade. I see Marie every day in class. Marie and I go to class together. Marie and I sit in class, and I talk to Marie and ask Marie questions because Marie is very smart. After class, Marie and I talk about class and what Marie and I have to do for homework.
3What are the pronouns?It depends on how they are used in the sentence. If they are used as subjects of the verb, they areI, you, he, she, it, we, you, theyWhat are they in French?je, tu, il, elle, on, nous, vous, ils, elles
4If they are used alone or after a preposition, they are Moi, toi, lui, elle, nous, vous, eux, ellesQui est là? C’est moi!Je vais chez lui.Je vais chez eux.
5What if they are objects of the verb? Then you have to determine whether they are direct or indirect objects. If you have a “to” or “for” in front, it is an indirect object.I wrote a letter to Marie.I bought a gift for Marie.
6What are the direct object pronouns? me (me)te (you)nous (us – it looks just like the subject pronoun, we)vous (you – it looks just like the subject pronoun, you)le (him/it – it looks just like the definite article, the)la (her/it – it looks just like the definite article, the)les (them – it looks just like the definite article, the)
7What are the indirect object pronouns? me (to me – it looks just like the direct object pronoun, me)te (to you – it looks just like the direct object pronoun, you)nous (to us – it looks just like the direct object pronoun, us)vous (to you – it looks just like the direct object pronoun, you)lui (to him/to her – it looks just like the stress pronoun, he)leur (to them – it looks just like the possessive adjective, their)
8Any more?Two more:y – it replaces any preposition of place and is translated “there” -- it can also replace à + thing, and has several translations. I think about it. I believe in it.en – it replaces anything preceded by “de” and has many translations. I have six of them. I talk about it. I came back from there.
9A quick review: me te le nous la lui vous les leur y en If you have more than one object pronoun in the sentence, respect this order. I send it to him there = Je le lui y ai envoyé.
10Position in the sentence – Très important!! Object pronouns go IN FRONT OF THE VERB, not after it as in english, in all cases except affirmative commands.
11Let’s practice! Je regarde la télévision. What is the direct object? I watch it.Je la regarde
12Tu regardes les belles filles. You watch them.Tu les regardes.