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Relative pronouns are words that connect two clauses of a sentence to create a more complex sentence rather than having two simpler sentences with repetitive.

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Presentation on theme: "Relative pronouns are words that connect two clauses of a sentence to create a more complex sentence rather than having two simpler sentences with repetitive."— Presentation transcript:

1 Relative pronouns are words that connect two clauses of a sentence to create a more complex sentence rather than having two simpler sentences with repetitive words. There are several relative pronouns in English: who/whom; which and that. In French you will use the relative pronouns qui; que and dont. All three French relative pronouns mean who/whom; which; that. You must recognize the parts of speech to choose the correct French relative pronoun

2 The relative pronoun qui (that, which, who) is used to describe something that was already mentioned (the antecedent). Qui is the subject of the relative clause and is usually followed by a verb. The relative pronoun que (that, which, whom) is used to describe something that was already mentioned (the antecedent). Que/qu is the object of the relative clause and is usually followed by a subject.

3 qui = subjectque = object Tu connais le film avec Tom Cruise? Le film joue à Loews. Le film is mentioned in both sentences. You can combine these two sentences by taking out le film, the subject in the second sentence and then replacing it with the relative pronoun qui. Tu connais le film avec Tom Cruise qui joue à Loews? Tu as déjà vu le film? Jadore le film! Le film is mentioned in both sentences again. You can combine these two sentences by taking out le film, the direct object in the second sentence and replacing it with the relative pronoun que. Tu as déjà vu le film que jadore?

4 The relative pronoun dont is used in French to mean of whom; of which; it is always used in place of the preposition de and a noun. Memorize these five verbal expressions that contain the preposition de: parler deto talk about avoir besoin deto need avoir envie deto feel like avoir peur deto be afraid of For now, these are the only phrases you will need to use with dont, however the list goes on and on!

5 Tu connais le film? Je parle du film. Le film is mentioned in both sentences. You can combine these two sentences by taking out du film, the object of the preposition de in the second sentence and replacing it with the relative pronoun dont. Tu connais le film dont je parle?

6 Dont also means whose. It is used to show possession. When dont shows possession you may not have a possessive adjective (mon, ma, mes, etc.) in the same sentence; you must use a definite article (le, la, l, les) instead. Voilà la fille.(Theres the girl.) Je connais sa mère.(I know her mom.) Voilà la fille dont je connais la mère. (Theres the girl whose mom I know.)

7 A present participle is a verb form ending in the letters –ing in English. It doesnt have a subject, EVER!! To form a present participle in French you have to conjugate the verb in the present indicative nous form, drop the –ons and add the ending –ant. parlerparlonsparlant(talking) finirfinissonsfinissant(finishing) perdreperdonsperdant(losing)

8 There are only 3 irregular present participles in French. They must be memorized! êtreétant(being) avoirayant(having) savoirsachant(knowing) Remember they are never ever used with a subject!

9 Present participles are used much more often in English. Do not confuse these with conjugated verbs ending in –ing. You would just use present or imparfait for that translation. There are 3 uses of present participles in French. 1. As an adjective: (make agreement) un homme fascinant une femme fascinante 2. To say while/by/upon ---ing... Je mange (tout) en regardant la télé. adding tout before en emphasizes the action 3. In place of the relative pronoun qui La fille qui porte le pull rouge est sympa. La fille portant le pull rouge est sympa.


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