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The Basic Outline Les pronoms direct: le, la, les The direct object: to find the direct object of the sentence ask the question what or who of the verb.

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Presentation on theme: "The Basic Outline Les pronoms direct: le, la, les The direct object: to find the direct object of the sentence ask the question what or who of the verb."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Basic Outline Les pronoms direct: le, la, les The direct object: to find the direct object of the sentence ask the question what or who of the verb. Im going to buy the blue shirt. What are you going to buy? The blue shirt = it blue shirt

2 The Basic Outline Direct object pronouns in French can be quite easy to find as they are the same as the definite article: le (l) la (l) les him / it her / it them Est-ce que tu achète la robe?Quoi?la robe Oui, je l achète.l

3 The Basic Outline Placing the direct object pronoun: 1. In a simple sentence with one conjugated verb (present, imperfect, future, present subjunctive) the pronoun will go before the verb. 1. Je rends le livre.Je le rends. 2. In a sentence with the helping verbs devoir, aller, il faut, aimer, détester, etc., the pronoun goes before the infinitive. 2. Jaime lire les journaux.Jaime les lire.

4 The Basic Outline Placing the direct object pronoun: 3. In a negative command, the pronoun will go before the verb. 3. Ne prends pas la cuillère!Ne la prends pas! 4. In a postive command, the pronoun will be attached to the verb with a hyphen. 4. Apporte les disques!Apporte-les!

5 The Basic Outline Placing the direct object pronoun: 5. In the passé composé, the pronoun will go before the helping verb avoir or être. 5. Jai acheté le journal.Je lai acheté. CAUTION! In the passé composé you must make the past participle agree with the direct object placed before avoir or être. Jai envoyé la lettre.Je lai envoyée.

6 The Basic Outline Placing the direct object pronoun: 6. In negative sentences, place the direct object in front of the verb and move the ne to the left. 6. Je ne vois pas la jeune fille.Je ne la vois pas.

7 The Basic Outline Les pronoms indirect: lui, leur The indirect object: to find the indirect object of the sentence ask the question to whom orfor whom of the verb. I am going to write to my cousins. To whom am I going to write? To my cousins = to them to my cousins.

8 The Basic Outline Indirect object pronouns in French can be quite easy to find as they are introduced by à plus a noun designating a person: lui leur to him / to her to them Est-ce que tu reponds à Paul?A qui?à Paul Oui, je lui réponds.

9 The Basic Outline Placing the indirect object pronoun: 1. In a simple sentence with one conjugated verb (present, imperfect, future, present subjunctive) the pronoun will go before the verb. 1. Je rends le livre à Paul.Je lui rends le livre. 2. In a sentence with the helping verbs devoir, aller, il faut, aimer, détester, etc., the pronoun goes before the infinitive. 2. Jaime téléphoner à mes copains. Jaime leur téléphoner.

10 The Basic Outline Placing the indirect object pronoun: 3. In a negative command, the pronoun will go before the verb. 3. Ne parles pas à Paul!Ne lui parles pas! 4. In a positive command, the pronoun will be attached to the verb with a hyphen. 4. Parlez à Paul et Marie!Parlez-leur!

11 The Basic Outline Placing the indirect object pronoun: 5. In the passé composé, the pronoun will go before the helping verb avoir or être. 5. Jai écrit a mon amie.Je lui ai écrit.

12 The Basic Outline Other considerations… 1. Écouter (to listen to), regarder (to look at), chercher (to look for), attendre (to wait for) and demander (to ask for) take the direct object in French. In English they take the indirect. This is not so hard to remember as, in French, these verbs are not followed by à which introduces the indirect object. Jécoute Marie-Laure.Je lecoute

13 The Basic Outline Other considerations… 2. Even though penser à is followed by à, it does not take the indirect object pronoun but rather prepositional pronoun (moi, toi, lui, elle, nous, vous, eux, elles). Je pense à mes amis.Je pense à eux. 3. répondre, obéir, désobéir take an indirect object pronoun in French, In English they take a direct object pronoun. (Again, not so hard to remember as in French they are followed by à which introduces the indirect object.) Jobéis a mon père.Je lui obéis.

14 The Basic Outline me, te, nous, vous… The pronouns me, te, nous and vous are both direct and indirect so there no problem deciding which to use! Mary sees me (direct).Marie me voit. Mary speaks to me (indirect).Marie me parle.


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