Presentation on theme: "Pronouns A pronoun is word which replaces a ………… noun"— Presentation transcript:
1PronounsA pronoun is word which replaces a …………nounExamples of pronouns in French are je, tu, ils, elles etc;these are words which replace, for example, Pierre, les chats etc.The French examples above are subject pronouns. This isbecause they are the subject of the sentence – they complete theaction. They usually come before the verb in English and inFrench.Identify the subject pronouns in the sentences below:Je regarde le film.Il a 15 ans.On va à Paris.Nous jouons au golf.Elles sont délicieuses.
2We have identified that the subject of the sentence completes the action. The object of the sentence has the action done to it.Je regarde le film.This is the subject of the sentencebecause je is doing the watching.This is the object of the sentencebecause the film is being watched.Identify the subjects and objects in the sentences below:Je regarde le film.2. Elle prend la chemise.3. Ils prennent les pulls.4. Tu achètes les cravates?SOSOSOSO
3The subject pronouns in these sentences replace the subject of the sentence (eg Elle for Ma sœur). It is also possible toreplace the objects of the sentence with an object pronoun.Je regarde le film.Je le regarde.Elle prend la chemise.Elle la prend.Ils prennent les pulls.Ils les prennent.Tu achètes les cravates?Tu les achètes?How would you translate the sentences on the right?Je le regarde. = I am watching it.Elle la prend. = She takes it.Ils les prennent. = They take them.Tu les achètes? = Are you buying them?
4Here are the four sentences again: Je le regarde.Elle la prend.Ils les prennent.Tu les achètes?Complete these rules:When it is the direct object in a sentence …lethe word for ‘him’ or ‘it’ (when the noun is masculine) is ………….lathe word for ‘her’ or ‘it’ (when the noun is feminine) is ………….lesthe word for ‘them’ is ………….Unlike in English, the direct object pronoun in French alwaysgoes …………… the verb.BEFORE
5Here are all direct object pronouns: me / m’te / t’le / l’la / l’nousvousles
6Practice: Complete the sentences with the correct pronoun. Il …… aide.Je …… aime.Je …… adore.Les chats …… mangent.Il ……… aime.Je ……… aide.Je …… aide.He is helping me.I like you (tu).I love her.The cats are eating it (le fromage).He likes us.I am helping you (vous).I am helping them (les hommes).I am helping them (les femmes).t’l’lenousvouslesles
7Translate the following sentences into French. She is going to choose me.My team is going to win it.I am going to find you (tu).He is going to make it.They are going to see us.I am going to help you (vous).She is going to learn them.They are going to watch them.Elle va me choisir.2. Mon équipe va la gagner.3. Je vais te trouver.4. Il va le faire.5. Ils vont nous voir.6. Je vais vous aider.7. Elle va les apprendre.8. Ils vont les regarder.
8Indirect object pronouns Sometimes the object in a sentence is indirect. This is oftenshown by using the word ‘to’ in English, and with infinitiveswhich are followed by ‘à’ in French.to speak to = parler àJe lui parle = I am speaking to himto phone = téléphoner àJe lui téléphone = I am phoning herto give to = donner àJe leur donne le cadeau =I am giving them the presentNote that we sometimes miss out the word ‘to’ in English; thismust be translated by the indirect object pronoun in French.Indirect and direct object pronouns are the same, apart from the‘il/elle’ and ‘ils/elles’ forms.
9ExtensionThe verb ‘to please’ in French is plaire à.A sophisticated way of saying you like something is by sayingthat ‘it pleases to you’.For example, ‘Cette musique lui plaît’ literally means ‘This musicpleases to him’, but would be translated as …What does the expression ‘S’il vous plaît’ literally mean?It is possible to have more than one pronoun in a sentence.The direct object always comes before the indirect object.How would you translate ‘Il le leur donne’?