2Phonemic AwarenessIs the ability to recognize the sounds of spoken language and how they can be segmented and manipulated.
3Phonemic Awareness is important because… It is a strong predictor of reading success.It focuses on sounds in words by pulling words apart, by adding sounds, by deleting sounds, and by substituting sounds.It improves reading and spelling skills.
4Types of Phonemic Awareness Blending phonemes into wordsSegmenting words into phonemesManipulating phonemes in wordsBlending syllables into wordsSegmenting sentences into wordsRhyme by matching the ending sounds of wordsAlliteration by naming words that begin with the same sound
5PhonicsIs being able to understand the relationship between written and spoken letters and sounds.
6Phonics is important because… Helps children recognize familiar wordsHelps in decoding new wordsHelps writing and spelling
7FluencyIt is the ability to read quickly, accurately, and with expression and phrasing.
8Fluency is important because… It supports comprehension.It makes reading more enjoyableand motivating.
9VocabularyIs the knowledge of words and their meaning in context.
10Vocabulary is important because… It helps children expand their knowledge of spoken and written language.The knowledge of the vocabulary read supports background knowledge and understanding of the text
11ComprehensionIs the ability to gain meaning from the text that is read.
12Comprehension requires: Vocabulary knowledgeLanguage developed to the level of the text being readThe ability to predict, summarize, analyze, and infer