Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

BASIC LITERACY SKILLS Stacie Phillips

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "BASIC LITERACY SKILLS Stacie Phillips"— Presentation transcript:

1 BASIC LITERACY SKILLS Stacie Phillips

2 THE BIG FIVE! 1. Phonemic Awareness

3 THE BIG FIVE! 1. Phonemic Awareness 2. The Alphabetic Principle & Basic Phonics

4 THE BIG FIVE! 1. Phonemic Awareness 2. The Alphabetic Principle & Basic Phonics 3. Fluency

5 THE BIG FIVE! 1. Phonemic Awareness 2. The Alphabetic Principle & Basic Phonics 3. Fluency 4. Comprehension

6 THE BIG FIVE! 1. Phonemic Awareness 2. The Alphabetic Principle & Basic Phonics 3. Fluency 4. Comprehension 5. Vocabulary

7 1.PHONEMIC AWARENESS

8 The awareness of the sounds (phonemes) that make up spoken words.

9 1.PHONEMIC AWARENESS The awareness of the sounds (phonemes) that make up spoken words. The ability is not necessary for speaking and understanding spoken language.

10 1.PHONEMIC AWARENESS The awareness of the sounds (phonemes) that make up spoken words. The ability is not necessary for speaking and understanding spoken language. It is important for learning to read!

11 WHAT IS A PHONEME?

12 A minimal sound unit of speech that, when contrasted with another phoneme, affects the meaning of words in a language. PHONEME= 1 SOUND!

13 THE PHONOLOGICAL UMBRELLA! Top of umbrella= Large units like words, syllables, and onset and rime Being Aware of Language!

14 THE PHONOLOGICAL UMBRELLA! Top of umbrella= Large units like words, syllables, and onset and rime Middle of umbrella= Phonemic Awareness Being Aware of Language!

15 THE PHONOLOGICAL UMBRELLA! Top of umbrella= Large units like words, syllables, and onset and rime Middle of umbrella= Phonemic Awareness Bottom of umbrella= Small units, isolate, identify, categorize, segment, blend Being Aware of Language!

16 WHY IS PHONEMIC AWARENESS IMPORTANT?

17 It is easier to segment syllables than it is to segment phonemes.

18 WHY IS PHONEMIC AWARENESS IMPORTANT? It is easier to segment syllables than it is to segment phonemes. There is a strong relationship between phonemic awareness and reading performance.

19 WHY IS PHONEMIC AWARENESS IMPORTANT? It is easier to segment syllables than it is to segment phonemes. There is a strong relationship between phonemic awareness and reading performance. Phonemic awareness predicts reading success better than age, socioeconomic status, and IQ.

20 HOW DO WE MEASURE PHONEMIC AWARENESS?

21 Asking students whether two words rhyme.

22 HOW DO WE MEASURE PHONEMIC AWARENESS? Asking students whether two words rhyme. Using sound-to-word matching and blending.

23 HOW DO WE MEASURE PHONEMIC AWARENESS? Asking students whether two words rhyme. Using sound-to-word matching and blending. Isolating individual phonemes.

24 HOW DO WE MEASURE PHONEMIC AWARENESS? Asking students whether two words rhyme. Using sound-to-word matching and blending. Isolating individual phonemes. Segmenting a word into all its component phonemes.

25 How Can We Improve Phonemic Awareness?

26 Provide practice segmenting spoken words. How Can We Improve Phonemic Awareness?

27 Provide practice segmenting spoken words. Use spelling activities. How Can We Improve Phonemic Awareness?

28 Provide practice segmenting spoken words. Use spelling activities. Provide literature that focuses on playing with sounds through rhyme, alliteration, etc. How Can We Improve Phonemic Awareness?

29 2. ALPHABETIC PRINCIPLE & BASIC PHONICS

30 The assumption that each speech sound should have its own distinctive graphic representation. 2. ALPHABETIC PRINCIPLE & BASIC PHONICS

31 WHY IS THE ALPHABETIC PRINCIPLE IMPORTANT?

32 It is the foundation of any alphabetic writing system.

33 WHY IS THE ALPHABETIC PRINCIPLE IMPORTANT? It is the foundation of any alphabetic writing system. It plays a critical role in beginning reading.

34 WHY IS THE ALPHABETIC PRINCIPLE IMPORTANT? It is the foundation of any alphabetic writing system. It plays a critical role in beginning reading. It is the foundation of learning to spell.

35 WHY IS THE ALPHABETIC PRINCIPLE IMPORTANT? It is the foundation of any alphabetic writing system. It plays a critical role in beginning reading. It is the foundation of learning to spell. Automaticity needs to be reached.

36 BASIC PHONICS

37 A way of teaching reading and spelling that stresses symbol- sound relationships, used especially in beginning instruction. BASIC PHONICS

38 HOW SHOULD PHONICS BE TAUGHT?

39 1. Phonics should be taught systematically.

40 HOW SHOULD PHONICS BE TAUGHT? 1. Phonics should be taught systematically. 2. Skills should be taught in a planned sequence.

41 HOW SHOULD PHONICS BE TAUGHT? 1. Phonics should be taught systematically. 2. Skills should be taught in a planned sequence. 3.There needs to be a deliberate and sequential focus on building and using the relationship between sounds and letter symbols to help readers decode new words.

42 MODELING PHONICS INSTRUCTION

43 The best texts for modeling are high interest or informational.

44 MODELING PHONICS INSTRUCTION The best texts for modeling are high interest or informational. Independent practice helps readers build the connection between symbols and sounds.

45 MODELING PHONICS INSTRUCTION The best texts for modeling are high interest or informational. Independent practice helps readers build the connection between symbols and sounds. Phonics skills should then be applied to authentic reading and writing experiences to help develop good decoding skills.

46 3. FLUENCY

47 The clear, easy, written or spoken expression of ideas.

48 3. FLUENCY The clear, easy, written or spoken expression of ideas. Freedom from word identification problems.

49 WHY IS BEING A FLUENT READER SO IMPORTANT? “ Fluency is a bridge between word recognition and comprehension.” Stacie, could you site the quote please?

50 HOW DO WE INCREASE FLUENCY IN READING?

51 1.Model Fluent Reading

52 HOW DO WE INCREASE FLUENCY IN READING? 1.Model Fluent Reading 2.Do Repeated Readings

53 HOW DO WE INCREASE FLUENCY IN READING? 1.Model Fluent Reading 2.Do Repeated Readings 3.Promote Phrased Reading

54 HOW DO WE INCREASE FLUENCY IN READING? 1.Model Fluent Reading 2.Do Repeated Readings 3.Promote Phrased Reading 4.Provide Extra Tutoring

55 HOW DO WE INCREASE FLUENCY IN READING? 1.Model Fluent Reading 2.Do Repeated Readings 3.Promote Phrased Reading 4.Provide Extra Tutoring 5.Reader’s Theater

56 4. COMPREHENSION

57 A process in which a reader constructs meaning from text.

58 HOW DO WE COMPREHEND MATERIAL?

59 1.Prior knowledge

60 HOW DO WE COMPREHEND MATERIAL? 1.Prior knowledge 2.Information from text

61 HOW DO WE COMPREHEND MATERIAL? 1.Prior knowledge 2.Information from text 3.Stance taken in relationship to the text

62 HOW DO WE COMPREHEND MATERIAL? 1.Prior knowledge 2.Information from text 3.Stance taken in relationship to the text 4.Construction of meaning

63 1.Multiple Choice Quizzes

64 2.Timelines

65 1.Multiple Choice Quizzes 2.Timelines 3.Pictures

66 1.Multiple Choice Quizzes 2.Timelines 3.Pictures 4.Open-Ended Questions

67 1.Multiple Choice Quizzes 2.Timelines 3.Pictures 4.Open-Ended Questions 5.Cloze Passages

68 1.Multiple Choice Quizzes 2.Timelines 3.Pictures 4.Open-Ended Questions 5.Cloze Passages 6.Retells How can we assess reading comprehension?

69 REVIEW OF THE FIVE LITERACY SKILLS

70 1.Phonemic Awareness

71 REVIEW OF THE FIVE LITERACY SKILLS 1.Phonemic Awareness 2.The Alphabetic Principle and Basic Phonics

72 REVIEW OF THE FIVE LITERACY SKILLS 1.Phonemic Awareness 2.The Alphabetic Principle and Basic Phonics 3.Fluency

73 REVIEW OF THE FIVE LITERACY SKILLS 1.Phonemic Awareness 2.The Alphabetic Principle and Basic Phonics 3.Fluency 4.Vocabulary

74 REVIEW OF THE FIVE LITERACY SKILLS 1.Phonemic Awareness 2.The Alphabetic Principle and Basic Phonics 3.Fluency 4.Vocabulary 5.Comprehension

75 Questions?? Stacie, if you are willing, could you provide your address here again? I could also set you up with account if you like.

76

77

78

79

80 5. VOCABULARY The growth of a person’s stock of known words and meanings.


Download ppt "BASIC LITERACY SKILLS Stacie Phillips"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google