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FEUDALISM & MANOR LIFE World History March12, 2014.

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Presentation on theme: "FEUDALISM & MANOR LIFE World History March12, 2014."— Presentation transcript:

1 FEUDALISM & MANOR LIFE World History March12, 2014

2 The Emergence of Feudalism  After the fall of Rome Europe was divided into smaller factions  These small groups were unable to protect themselves from invaders Barbaric tribes, the Vikings, and the Moors were threatening to take over smaller cities & civilizations  The idea of feudalism emerged in a response to a need for protection  This system is based on mutual obligations between lords & vassals Known as a feudal contract  The lord promised to protect his vassal and the vassal promised loyalty and service

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4 A Structured Society  Everyone had a place in feudal society  Monarch King & Queen  Lords Dukes or Counts Held the largest fiefs  Vassals Members of the noble class Often times vassals had their own vassals Means they could be both vassals and lords  Knights Members of the noble class The warrior elite  Serfs The lowest members of society This made up a majority of the population

5 Kings & Queens  In the feudal age, the King was at the head of society  He owned and controlled the land, made set rules and guidelines  The king collected tax money from the people  This is how he gained most of his wealth  All of his land was divided up and given to lords  These lords could control their land however they wanted to Includes making laws, collecting tax money, raising a military, maintaining the upkeep of their manor This made the monarch a “figurehead” ruler

6 The World of Nobles  During the Middle Ages, many nobles lived in castles  They were designed to withstand attack  Also symbolized wealth and power  Noblewomen were respected and valued in society  When her husband was out fighting, often the women would take over their jobs  Women were valued but had little rights  They could not own land  Would have arranged marriages Would often come with a dowry  Had very traditional roles

7 Medieval Knights  Knights had to be of noble birth  Many nobles trained from childhood for an occupation as a knight They often went through harsh and rigorous training  Being dubbed a knight was an honorable event  As feudal warfare decreased in the 1100s, tournaments became popular  This allowed knights to win land, money and popularity  Knights adopted a code of conduct called chivalry

8 Feudal Warfare  Each manor operated independently  Had their own laws, economy, produce, army  Europe was NOT united at this time  Lords who led each manor wanted power  Land gives power Resources Farmland People  Because of this, feudal warfare was very common  Feudal Warfare = war or fighting between the different feudal manors  Knights would defend their lords from invaders and other lords and their armies

9 Manor Life  The heart of the medieval economy  Manor = lord’s estate  The manor was self-sufficient  The economy was based on mutual obligations  Peasants gave their lord a lifetime of labor  In return the lord allowed peasants to farm for themselves & gained protection  Manors included…  A few dozen one room huts  Water mills  A small church  The manor house/castle  Strips of farmland

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12 Peasant Life  Most peasants on manors were serfs  Serf = peasants bound to the lord’s land They were not slaves who could be bought of sold but they also were not free  Life was harsh  They worked long hours  Their diet was very basic, only what they could produce  They slept in 1 room houses with any animals that they owned  They could only work according to the season  They had to work hard in the warm seasons and then find other ways to make money in the off season  They made up the majority of the population


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