Presentation on theme: "Monday, April 2, 2012 Agenda ► Bell Assignment ► Map of Europe (800 A.D.) ► Complete Ch. 8 Sections 1, 2, and 3 Vocabulary ► Discuss Notes: Ch. 8 Section."— Presentation transcript:
Monday, April 2, 2012 Agenda ► Bell Assignment ► Map of Europe (800 A.D.) ► Complete Ch. 8 Sections 1, 2, and 3 Vocabulary ► Discuss Notes: Ch. 8 Section 1 ► Complete Readings: Charlemagne and Feudalism
Focus Questions ► What are the Dark Ages? ► What are three achievements of Charlemagne? ► What is feudalism?
Bell Assignment ► “Where is the senate? Where are the people? The bones are all dissolved, the flesh is consumed…The whole mass is boiled away.” – Pope Gregory the Great ► What do you think Pope Gregory the Great is talking about?
The Dark Ages and Early Middle Ages Chapter 8 Section 1
After the Decline of Rome... ► The decline of the Roman Empire left Western Europe in a state of chaos: German tribes continued to invade and conquer areas of Western Europe Western Europe is left without a stable government and there is no leader. Poor farmers were left unprotected and at the mercy of violence People of Western Europe were left with a weak economy and went back to using a barter economy
Dark Ages ► The term Dark Ages refers to the lack of information from the time period (500 A.D. – 800 A.D.). ► Many scholars relate the lack of information to a light of Europe going out.
Middle Ages ► Early Middle Ages – 800 A.D. – 1000 A.D. ► High Middle Ages – 1100 A.D. – 1250 A.D. ► Later Middle Ages – 1250 A.D. – 1450 A.D.
Rise of the Franks ► At the end of the Roman Empire, many of the foreign invaders created their own kingdoms. ► The Franks settled in the region, known as Gaul. Overtime, they created the strongest kingdom in Western Europe.
Charlemagne Activity ► Read the article about Charlemagne and answer the questions. Please answer all questions in a complete sentence.
Charlemagne ► Charlemagne was the greatest emperor of the Franks. ► Accomplishments of Charlemagne: Becoming the 1 st emperor of Western Europe, since Rome ► This set the stage for future battles between the government leaders and the Pope. Spreading Christianity throughout Western Europe Encouraging learning and culture in Western Europe
Government ► Because of the need of protection (due to invasions by Muslims, Vikings, and Magyars) a new political and social order emerged known as feudalism. ► Feudalism is a loosely organized system of rule, in which kings or powerful lords divided their land among lesser lords. In exchange the lesser lords, vassals, pledged their service and loyalty
Feudalism Activity ► Read through the information about feudalism. As you read complete the chart about the different levels of society. ► Please give a good description about each social group.
Economy ► Lords owned large estates known as manors. ► Peasants who lived on the manor farmed the land in exchange for protection. ► The manor was the center of life for everyone. There was no need to leave the manor. Therefore, a barter economy was used on manors, in order for people to get what they needed.
Knighthood ► Many nobles trained from boyhood to become knights. ► Steps to becoming a knight: ► Age of 7 – young boy is sent away to learn how to ride and fight. ► Age of 16 –young boy becomes a squire to get field experience. ► Age of 20 – dubbed as a knight.
Quick Quiz ► 1. Who is Charlemagne? What were two of his accomplishments/main goals? ► 2. What is feudalism? ► 3. In your own words, describe what life was like during the Early Middle Ages? (6 -8 sentences)