Presentation on theme: "THE THIRTEEN ENGLISH COLONIES Chapter 4. The New England Colonies Massachusetts Bay Colony Who founded it? John Winthrop and 1,000 others What."— Presentation transcript:
THE THIRTEEN ENGLISH COLONIES Chapter 4
The New England Colonies Massachusetts Bay Colony Who founded it? John Winthrop and 1,000 others What did they face in England? Puritans were persecuted Where did they settle? MA Bay near present-day Boston
The New England Colonies Massachusetts Bay Colony When? Why did they establish MBC? Biblical and economic reasons How did they run the colony? Male church members could vote
The New England Colonies Connecticut Who founded it? Thomas Hooker What was his reason for leaving? He was forced to leave Where did he settle? On the Connecticut River
The New England Colonies Connecticut When? 1636 Why did he establish CT? Wanted strict limits on government How did he run the colony? 1)All men who owned property could vote 2)Limits on governor’s power
The New England Colonies Rhode Island Who founded it? Roger Williams What was his reason for leaving? Challenged MA Bay leaders and was forced to leave Where did he settle? Narragansett Bay
The New England Colonies Rhode Island When? 1635 Why did he establish RI? Wanted a separation of church and government How did he run the colony? 1)Religious freedom 2)No state church 3)All white men could vote
The New England Colonies Anne Hutchinson Who? Devout Puritan woman What? Led biblical discussions and claimed God spoke directly to her Where? RI
The New England Colonies Anne Hutchinson When? 1638 Why? MA General Court ordered her out How does history view her? Symbol of struggle for religious freedom
Puritans and Native Americans Settlers from MA Bay Colony spread out over New England. Tensions with the Native Americans grew. Metacom (King Phillip) was the Wampanoag chief in Native American tribes worked together to drive the English from NE.
Puritans and Native Americans The Native Americans destroyed towns and killed hundreds of settlers. Within a year Metacom was killed His family was sold into slavery
Middle Colonies New York-NY 2 Rivalry between England and New Netherland grew 5 The colony was renamed New York 1 Dutch officials gave patroons land in exchange for the patroons bringing in at least 50 families 4 King Charles II of England gave New Netherland to the Duke of York 3 Governor Peter Stuyvesant forced to surrender New Netherland
Middle Colonies New Jersey-NJ 2 People from other countries and colonies moved to New Jersey 1 Duke of York gave some of New York away to his friends 3 New Jersey became a royal colony
Middle Colonies Pennsylvania-PA 4 Pennsylvania Dutch arrived in Pennsylvania 2 William Penn thought of his colony as a “holy experiment” and a model of religious freedom 1 William Penn founded the colony of Pennsylvania in 1681 5 William Penn planned Philadelphia 3 William Penn treated Native Americans fairly and gained their respect
Middle Colonies Delaware-DE 1 The land around the Delaware River was call Pennsylvania Lower Counties 2 William Penn allowed the Lower Counties to elect their own assembly 3 In 1704, the Lower Counties broke away and formed Delaware
Southern Colonies Maryland Maryland-Have at least these elements Maryland was established by Lord Baltimore where Roman Catholics, and later Christians, could worship freely. Maryland had access to fish, oysters, and crabs.
Southern Colonies North Carolina Poor tobacco farmers moved there from Virginia. Many lived on small farms.
Southern Colonies South Carolina Eight English nobles set up the colony, and Charles Town (Charleston) was the largest settlement. SC grew rice and indigo and relied heavily on slave labor. (Enslaved Africans outnumbered settles 2:1)
Southern Colonies Georgia James Oglethorpe founded GA where debtors could start over. Slavery was forbidden at first, but GA grew with the growth of plantations and slavery
Bacon’s Rebellion New settlers arrived in VA and moved onto Native American lands. Settlers and Indians clashed. Settlers sought help from the governor.
Bacon’s Rebellion In 1676, Nathaniel Bacon Organized angry frontier planters Led raids on Native American villages. Burned Jamestown. The revolt ended when Bacon died suddenly. 23 of Bacon’s followers were hanged.
Tidewater and Backcountry Where do these go? Most settlements were near creeks and rivers allowing for easier trade (Tidewater) Lived at the base of the Appalachian Mountains (Backcountry) Were self-sufficient (Backcountry) A small % owned large plantations (Tidewater)
Tidewater and Backcountry Where do these go? Planters made all crop decisions (Tidewater) More democratic-settlers treated one another as equals (Backcountry) Women did household work (Backcountry) Few slaves worked on the farms (Backcountry) Wives managed the household (Tidewater) Slaves were crucial to success (Tidewater)
Middle Passage Middle Passage-Slave ship route from West Africa to the West Indies On the Middle Passage slaves Were crammed together and chained Resisted, but few escaped Died in large numbers on the journey from disease and mistreatment
Section 4-Regulating Trade Complete the statements The theory of mercantilism says that a nation grew strong by keeping strict control over its trade. The purpose of the Navigation Acts was to ensure that only England benefited from colonial trade.
Section 4-Regulating Trade The Nav. Acts encouraged the colonists to build their own ships. On the second leg of the triangular trade route, New England ships carried rum, guns, gunpowder, cloth, and tools to West Africa.
Section 4-Colonial Government Most governors were appointed by either the king or by the colony’s proprietor. Most colonial legislatures were made up of an upper house and a lower house.
Section 4-Limits The right to vote was limited to white, Christian, men, over the age of 21 who owned land. A married woman could not start her own business or sign a contract without her husband’s approval. Africans and Native Americans had almost no rights.
Social Classes in the Colonies SOCIAL CLASS DETAILS OF EACH CLASS Gentry Made up of lawyers, planters, ministers, and royal official Wore latest fashions from London Middle Class Farmers, trades people, crafts men ¾ of all white colonists were middle class Indentured Servants Worked 4-7 years Received land, tools, clothes to get started on their own once freed 1,000s of men, women, and children came to the colonies as indentured servants Women Country women-hunted and helped with the harvest City women-cooks, maids, nurses, butchers, printers=had more opportunities than women in the country
Great Awakening The Great Awakening was a religious movement that swept through the colonies in the 1730s-1740s. Jonathan Edwards was a New England preacher who helped to set off the movement. The movement inspired independent thinking among the colonists.
Enlightenment The Enlightenment was a movement in Europe during the 1600s-1700s that emphasized the use of reason to guide society. John Locke was an Enlightenment philosopher. The Enlightenment spread quickly among those who could read.
People Benjamin Franklin-good example of Enlightenment thinking-he used reason and logic to improve the world around him John Peter Zenger-faced arrest and trial after printing criticism of the New York governor-trial showed the importance of freedom of the press
Great Awakening Extra Credit=Worth up to 20 Bonus P0ints Create an advertisement that shows your understanding of how the Great Awakening had effects in the colonies other than religious effects. Due no later than Monday, October 3.