2The New England Colonies Massachusetts Bay ColonyWho founded it?John Winthrop and 1,000 othersWhat did they face in England?Puritans were persecutedWhere did they settle?MA Bay near present-day Boston
3The New England Colonies Massachusetts Bay ColonyWhen?Why did they establish MBC?Biblical and economic reasonsHow did they run the colony?Male church members could vote
4The New England Colonies ConnecticutWho founded it?Thomas HookerWhat was his reason for leaving?He was forced to leaveWhere did he settle?On the Connecticut River
5The New England Colonies ConnecticutWhen?1636Why did he establish CT?Wanted strict limits on governmentHow did he run the colony?All men who owned property could voteLimits on governor’s power
6The New England Colonies Rhode IslandWho founded it?Roger WilliamsWhat was his reason for leaving?Challenged MA Bay leaders and was forced to leaveWhere did he settle?Narragansett Bay
7The New England Colonies Rhode IslandWhen?1635Why did he establish RI?Wanted a separation of church and governmentHow did he run the colony?Religious freedomNo state churchAll white men could vote
8The New England Colonies Anne HutchinsonWho?Devout Puritan womanWhat?Led biblical discussions and claimed God spoke directly to herWhere?RI
9The New England Colonies Anne HutchinsonWhen?1638Why?MA General Court ordered her outHow does history view her?Symbol of struggle for religious freedom
10Puritans and Native Americans Settlers from MA Bay Colony spread out over New England.Tensions with the Native Americans grew.Metacom (King Phillip) was the Wampanoag chief in 1675.Native American tribes worked together to drive the English from NE.
11Puritans and Native Americans The Native Americans destroyed towns and killed hundreds of settlers.Within a yearMetacom was killedHis family was sold into slavery
12Middle Colonies New York-NY 2 Rivalry between England and New Netherland grew5 The colony was renamed New York1 Dutch officials gave patroons land in exchange for the patroons bringing in at least 50 families4 King Charles II of England gave New Netherland to the Duke of York3 Governor Peter Stuyvesant forced to surrender New Netherland
13Middle Colonies New Jersey-NJ 2 People from other countries and colonies moved to New Jersey1 Duke of York gave some of New York away to his friends3 New Jersey became a royal colony
14Middle Colonies Pennsylvania-PA 4 Pennsylvania Dutch arrived in Pennsylvania2 William Penn thought of his colony as a “holy experiment” and a model of religious freedom1 William Penn founded the colony of Pennsylvania in 16815 William Penn planned Philadelphia3 William Penn treated Native Americans fairly and gained their respect
15Middle Colonies Delaware-DE 1 The land around the Delaware River was call Pennsylvania Lower Counties2 William Penn allowed the Lower Counties to elect their own assembly3 In 1704, the Lower Counties broke away and formed Delaware
16Southern Colonies Maryland-Have at least these elements Maryland was established by Lord Baltimore where Roman Catholics, and later Christians, could worship freely.Maryland had access to fish, oysters, and crabs.
17Southern ColoniesNorth CarolinaPoor tobacco farmers moved there from Virginia.Many lived on small farms.
18Southern Colonies South Carolina Eight English nobles set up the colony, and Charles Town (Charleston) was the largest settlement.SC grew rice and indigo and relied heavily on slave labor.(Enslaved Africans outnumbered settles 2:1)
19Southern Colonies Georgia James Oglethorpe founded GA where debtors could start over.Slavery was forbidden at first, but GA grew with the growth of plantations and slavery
20Bacon’s RebellionNew settlers arrived in VA and moved onto Native American lands.Settlers and Indians clashed.Settlers sought help from the governor.
21Bacon’s Rebellion In 1676, Nathaniel Bacon Organized angry frontier plantersLed raids on Native American villages.Burned Jamestown.The revolt ended when Bacon died suddenly.23 of Bacon’s followers were hanged.
22Tidewater and Backcountry Where do these go?Most settlements were near creeks and rivers allowing for easier trade (Tidewater)Lived at the base of the Appalachian Mountains (Backcountry)Were self-sufficient (Backcountry)A small % owned large plantations (Tidewater)
23Tidewater and Backcountry Where do these go?Planters made all crop decisions (Tidewater)More democratic-settlers treated one another as equals (Backcountry)Women did household work (Backcountry)Few slaves worked on the farms (Backcountry)Wives managed the household (Tidewater)Slaves were crucial to success (Tidewater)
24Middle PassageMiddle Passage-Slave ship route from West Africa to the West IndiesOn the Middle Passage slavesWere crammed together and chainedResisted, but few escapedDied in large numbers on the journey from disease and mistreatment
25Section 4-Regulating Trade Complete the statementsThe theory of mercantilism says that a nation grew strong by keeping strict control over its trade.The purpose of the Navigation Acts was to ensure that only England benefited from colonial trade.
26Section 4-Regulating Trade The Nav. Acts encouraged the colonists to build their own ships.On the second leg of the triangular trade route, New England ships carried rum, guns, gunpowder, cloth, and tools to West Africa.
27Section 4-Colonial Government Most governors were appointed by either the king or by the colony’s proprietor.Most colonial legislatures were made up of an upper house and a lower house.
28Section 4-LimitsThe right to vote was limited to white, Christian, men, over the age of 21 who owned land.A married woman could not start her own business or sign a contract without her husband’s approval.Africans and Native Americans had almost no rights.
29Social Classes in the Colonies DETAILS OF EACH CLASSGentryMade up of lawyers, planters, ministers, and royal officialWore latest fashions from LondonMiddle ClassFarmers, trades people, crafts men¾ of all white colonists were middle classIndentured ServantsWorked 4-7 yearsReceived land, tools, clothes to get started on their own once freed1,000s of men, women, and children came to the colonies as indentured servantsWomenCountry women-hunted and helped with the harvestCity women-cooks, maids, nurses, butchers, printers=had more opportunities than women in the country
30Great AwakeningThe Great Awakening was a religious movement that swept through the colonies in the 1730s-1740s.Jonathan Edwards was a New England preacher who helped to set off the movement.The movement inspired independent thinking among the colonists.
31EnlightenmentThe Enlightenment was a movement in Europe during the 1600s-1700s that emphasized the use of reason to guide society.John Locke was an Enlightenment philosopher.The Enlightenment spread quickly among those who could read.
32PeopleBenjamin Franklin-good example of Enlightenment thinking-he used reason and logic to improve the world around himJohn Peter Zenger-faced arrest and trial after printing criticism of the New York governor-trial showed the importance of freedom of the press
33Great Awakening Extra Credit=Worth up to 20 Bonus P0ints Create an advertisement that shows your understanding of how the Great Awakening had effects in the colonies other than religious effects.Due no later than Monday, October 3.