Presentation on theme: "The Thirteen English Colonies"— Presentation transcript:
1The Thirteen English Colonies U.S. History, Chapter 4
2Puritans Arrive in Massachusetts Puritans wanted to build a society based on Biblical teachingsMassachusetts set up the 1st tax-supported public schools in North America
3Problems in Massachusetts Roger Williams disagreed with Massachusetts leaders. He and his followers founded Rhode Island to provide greater religious freedom.
4War with Native Americans As more English colonists arrived in New England, they began building towns on Native American lands.Metacom (King Phillip) joined with other tribes to fight the settlers
5Life in New EnglandPuritan town meetings encouraged the growth of democratic ideasColonists discussed important community issues at town meetings
6Rivalry between Countries England took over New Netherland, which became New York.Governor Stuyvesant was unpopular; he surrendered New Netherland when colonists refused to help him fight.
7New Jersey Separates from New York New Jersey was made up of lands that the Duke of York gave to friends.
8Proprietary vs. RoyalA proprietary colony is given by a king to one or more people in return for a yearly payment.A royal colony is under the direct control of the king.
9Founding of Pennsylvania Pennsylvania was founded by Quakers as a model of religious freedom and peace.King Charles II granted the land to William Penn.
10Life in the Middle Colonies Cash crops led these colonies to become known as the “Breadbasket Colonies.”Since homes were far apart, counties rather than towns became the centers of government
11Southern ColoniesThe Calvert family founded the colony of Maryland to allow Catholics to practice their religion freelyCatholics settled in Maryland to escape persecution in England
12Southern ColoniesDuring colonial times, farming was the primary economic activity.
13Southern ColoniesSouthern lands were highly fertile due to being surrounded by rivers.Colonists were self-sufficient in the South because they grew their own food.
14Growth of SlaveryCarolina planters needed large number of workers to grow rice. They were unable to grow rich crops at first due to the lack of available labor.
15Growth of SlaveryThe number of slaves dramatically increased as the Southern Colonies relied upon their labor in the 1700s.Slave codes were laws that treated enslaved Africans as property.
16Servants vs. SlavesIndentured servants received “freedom” dues for their workSlaves were treated as property
17Roots of Self-Government England passed the Navigation Acts to tighten its control over colonial tradeExport: goods shipped to another countryImport: goods brought into a country
18Colonial GovernmentA legislature is a group of people who have the power to make their own laws.
19Colonial SocietyWealthy families in New England sent their children to private school.Women’s liberties were limited. A married woman needed her husband’s approval to sign a contract.
20Colonial SocietyAfricans enjoyed the least freedom in the English colonies.
21The Great AwakeningThis religious movement helped spread democratic feelings in the colonies.Benjamin Franklin was a model of the Enlightenment spirit because he used reason to improve the world around him.