Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website."— Presentation transcript:

1 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website.

2 Contents Section 1—Introduction to Plumbing Section 2—Plumbing Systems Section 3—Plumbing System Design and Installation Section 4—Plumbing Services Section 5—Career Development and Plumbing History

3 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Section 3 Plumbing System Design and Installation

4 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Chapter 19 DWV Pipe and Fitting Installation

5 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Objectives Describe proper procedures for locating and installing DWV piping systems. Use the prescribed techniques for working with plastic, copper, galvanized iron, black iron, and cast-iron DWV materials. Compare and use the three methods of measuring pipe length between fittings. Describe or demonstrate methods for testing and inspecting completed DWV systems.

6 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. DWV Second Rough Stage DWV, hot and cold water pipe, and fittings. Bathtubs and shower bases. Maintain 1/4  slope on horizontal runs. Accurate placement so fixtures can be installed.

7 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Measuring Pipe Face-to-Face Add fitting allowances. (Goodheart-Willcox Publisher)

8 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Measuring Pipe Shoulder-to-Shoulder Only DWV fittings have shoulders. No adjustments to measurement. (Goodheart-Willcox Publisher)

9 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Measuring Pipe Center-to-Center Adjustment for laying length.laying length (Goodheart-Willcox Publisher)

10 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Measuring Pipe Combining Measuring Techniques Face-to-Centerline Add one fitting allowance. Subtract one laying length. Face-to-Shoulder Add one fitting allowance. Shoulder-to-Centerline Subtract one laying length.

11 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Overview of DWV Installation Example: House with two bathrooms and a kitchen on the main floor, and a laundry area in the basement. Two stacks through the roof. Horizontal pipes from base of stacks join before the 4  pipe connects to the building sewer. Floor drain connected to kitchen/laundry branch.

12 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Overview of DWV Installation Installation Schematic Drawing Main Floor Basement (Goodheart-Willcox Publisher)

13 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Overview of DWV Installation Horizontal Runs Below Concrete Installing horizontal runs below a concrete floor: String line from base of bathroom stack to building drain. String line from laundry/kitchen stack to join 4  pipe at 45  angle. String line from kitchen/laundry branch to floor drain. Dig shallow trenches along string lines. Slope 1/4  per foot of run.

14 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Overview of DWV Installation Installing a Stack Kitchen/Laundry Stack Standpipe shown above concrete floor. P-traps installed with fixtures. Capped stub-outs for P-traps. Stack must offset above the foundation wall and enter wall cavity on the main floor.

15 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Overview of DWV Installation Installing a Stack (continued) Kitchen/Laundry Stack (Goodheart-Willcox Publisher)

16 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Overview of DWV Installation Installing a Stack (continued) Lower Portion of Kitchen/Laundry Stack Mark top of the concrete floor on the foundation wall. (Goodheart-Willcox Publisher)

17 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Overview of DWV Installation Installing a Stack (continued) Measurements Measure distances A and B. A = 4 5/8  B = 3 5/8  (Goodheart-Willcox Publisher)

18 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Overview of DWV Installation Installing a Stack (continued) Measurements Calculate slope for 2 6  horizontal pipe (1/4  per ft  2 1/2 = 5/8  ). Concrete floor will be 4  thick. (Goodheart-Willcox Publisher)

19 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Overview of DWV Installation Installing a Stack (continued) Measurements Calculate height of the centerline of the inlet to P-trap above concrete footing (4  + 4 5/8  = 8 5/8  ). Calculate the centerline height for the sanitary tee inlet (8 5/8   5/8  = 8  ). Repeat this process to locate the sanitary tee to the laundry tray.

20 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Overview of DWV Installation Installing a Stack (continued) Stack and Kitchen Sink Drain Offset at top of foundation wall (side view). Height of sanitary tee depends on location of 90  ell in sink drain. Horizontal pipe runs below joist. Fall (slope) 1/4  per foot of run. Click here to view illustration.

21 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Locating Drain for Kitchen Sink (Goodheart-Willcox Publisher) ←

22 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Overview of DWV Installation Installing a Stack (continued) Kitchen Sink Drain Making an offset in the sink drain. (Goodheart-Willcox Publisher)

23 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Overview of DWV Installation Installing a Stack (continued) Kitchen Sink Drain Making an offset in the sink drain. Measure distances “X” and “Y.” Subtract to Obtain “Z.” Calculate theoretical length (1.41  Z). Subtract laying length of 90  and 45  ells to get actual length. Cut pipe and test assembly. (Goodheart-Willcox Publisher)

24 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Overview of DWV Installation Installing a Stack (continued) Click here to view illustration. Kitchen Sink Drain Making an offset in the sink drain. Position 90  ell so horizontal pipe can be installed below floor joist. Measure distances A and B. Calculate fall (B  1/4  per ft). Add “A” and “Fall” to get distance sanitary tee must be below the floor joist.

25 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Overview of DWV Installation Installing a Stack (continued) Kitchen Sink Drain Making an offset in the sink drain. Hold the sanitary tee to correct distance below the floor joist and mark the vertical 2  pipe. Add fitting allowance and cut the pipe. Put the sanitary tee in position and measure the distance between its inlet and the 90  ell. Add fitting allowances, measure, and cut the horizontal pipe. Click here to view illustration.

26 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Overview of DWV Installation Installing a Stack (continued) Kitchen Sink Drain Making an offset in the sink drain. Repeat the process to make the offset in the stack. Complete the rough-in of the sink drain and the stack. Check local code to determine if a vent increaser is required. (Goodheart-Willcox Publisher)

27 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Overview of DWV Installation Installing a Stack (continued) Kitchen Sink Drain Making an offset in the sink drain. Install flashing.flashing (Goodheart-Willcox Publisher)

28 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Overview of DWV Installation Installing Horizontal Drain/Waste Piping Maintain fall for entire length of pipe. Too little fall  waste will not flow. Too much fall  solids left behind. Excavate extra deep and use sand or small gravel fill to provide solid base for pipe.

29 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Overview of DWV Installation Installing Horizontal Drain/Waste Piping (continued) Determine how much the level’s “bubble” must be off-center to check the slope. (Goodheart-Willcox Publisher)

30 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Overview of DWV Installation Installing Horizontal Drain/Waste Piping (continued) Lay a length of pipe in the partially dug trench and check slope with level. Continue digging and checking until the desired slope is achieved.

31 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Overview of DWV Installation Installing Horizontal Drain/Waste Piping (continued) Alignment of Pipes That Join the Wye Using an elbow may be necessary. Trial assembly. Check slope and correct as necessary. Assemble pipe and fittings. Fill under pipe with sand or small gravel. Do not cover pipe until passing inspection.

32 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Overview of DWV Installation Installing Horizontal Drain/Waste Piping (continued) Joints in Drain/Waste Piping (Goodheart-Willcox Publisher)

33 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Overview of DWV Installation Installing a Bathroom Stack Similar to kitchen and laundry stack. Review schematic. (Goodheart-Willcox Publisher)

34 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Overview of DWV Installation Installing a Bathroom Stack (continued) Putting Bathtubs in Position Plastic and enameled steel tubs fastened with screws. Cast-iron tubs do not require fasteners. Consider installing drain components before putting tub in final position. One-piece molded plastic units must be installed before bathroom wall framing is completed.

35 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Overview of DWV Installation Installing a Bathroom Stack (continued) Bathtub Installation (Goodheart-Willcox Publisher)

36 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Overview of DWV Installation Installing a Bathroom Stack (continued) Installing Shower Bases Essentially the same as bathtubs. Drain body installation. (Goodheart-Willcox Publisher)

37 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Overview of DWV Installation Installing a Bathroom Stack (continued) Installing Shower Bases Place closet flanges in position. Blocking equal in thickness to finish floor materials. Check distance from back wall to center of closet flange. (Goodheart-Willcox Publisher)

38 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Overview of DWV Installation Installing a Bathroom Stack (continued) Double Sanitary Tee Installation Installing double sanitary tee w/side inlets that serves the water closets. Height must provide fall for bathtub drains. Layout on subfloor. (Goodheart-Willcox Publisher)

39 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Overview of DWV Installation Installing a Bathroom Stack (continued) Double Sanitary Tee Installation Locating side inlet of double sanitary tee. Click here to view illustration.

40 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Locating a Double Sanitary Tee (Goodheart-Willcox Publisher) ←

41 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Overview of DWV Installation Installing a Bathroom Stack (continued) Connecting the Closet Flange to the Stack (Goodheart-Willcox Publisher)

42 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Overview of DWV Installation Installing a Bathroom Stack (continued) Installing 2 1/2 ʺ  2 ʺ  1 1/4 ʺ  1 1/4 ʺ double sanitary wye. Vertical drain to lavatories controls location. Work back from lavatory stub-outs.

43 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Overview of DWV Installation Installing a Bathroom Stack (continued) 90  Ell and Double Sanitary Wye Locate 2  90  ell. Locate 2 1/2 ʺ  2 ʺ  1 1/2 ʺ  1 1/2 ʺ double wye.

44 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Overview of DWV Installation Installing a Bathroom Stack (continued) Installing 90  Ell and Double Sanitary Wye (Goodheart-Willcox Publisher)

45 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Review List the steps in installing horizontal drain/waste piping below a concrete floor. 1. Locate base of stacks and building sewer exit. 3. Dig shallow trenches with proper slope (1/4  per foot of run). 2. Stretch string lines to locate trenches. 6. Assemble pipe and fittings and place fill under pipe. 5. Trial assembly and check slope. 4. Measure and cut pipe. 7. Backfill after DWV system passes inspection.

46 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Review List the steps in installing a bathroom stack. 1. Install bathtub or shower base. 2. Temporarily put closet flange in place. 3. Locate base of stack and extend vertical pipe through opening in the floor. 4. Calculate the slope to bathtub/shower and locate height of the side inlet to the sanitary tee.

47 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Review (continued) 5. Position the sanitary tee and cut vertical pipe to length. 6. Trial assemble the pipe and sanitary tee. 7. Measure and cut the pipe to bathtub/shower drain. 8. Install lavatory drain maintaining the correct slope. 9. Install waste pipe and fittings to toilet maintaining correct slope.

48 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Review Identify the adjustment(s) necessary for pipe measurements made using each of the following techniques: Center-to-center: Face-to-face: Center-to-face: Shoulder-to-center: Subtract laying length of two fittings. Add fitting allowance for two fittings. Subtract one laying length and add one fitting allowance. Subtract one laying length.

49 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Installing DWV Plastic Pipe and Fittings Fitting allowances for plastic fittings: (Goodheart-Willcox Publisher)

50 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Installing DWV Plastic Pipe and Fittings Laying Lengths for Plastic Fittings (Goodheart-Willcox Publisher)

51 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Installing DWV Plastic Pipe and Fittings Cutting Plastic Pipe Plastic pipe cutter Fine toothed saw Miter box Removing burrs Reamer Abrasive paper (Wheeler Mfg. Division of Rex International USA, Inc.)

52 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Installing DWV Plastic Pipe and Fittings Joining Plastic Pipe Wipe away mud or dirt. Apply solvent cleaner. Select correct solvent cement. (Goodheart-Willcox Publisher)

53 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Installing DWV Plastic Pipe and Fittings Joining Plastic Pipe (continued) Apply a light coat of cement to the fitting socket. Apply a heavy coat to the pipe end. Immediately insert the pipe into the fitting and give a 1/4 turn to distribute cement. (Goodheart-Willcox Publisher)

54 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Installing DWV Plastic Pipe and Fittings Supporting Plastic Pipe Horizontal runs should be supported every 3-4. Set stack bases in concrete. Attach vertical pipe to frame to maintain alignment.

55 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Installing Copper Pipe and Fittings Fitting allowances for copper fittings:

56 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Installing Copper Pipe and Fittings Laying Lengths for Copper Fittings

57 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Installing Copper Pipe and Fittings Cutting Copper Pipe and Tubing Tubing Cutter Ream to remove burr. (Goodheart-Willcox Publisher)

58 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Installing Copper Pipe and Fittings Joining Copper Pipe and Fittings Soldering Clean pipe end and inside the fitting. Apply flux to cleaned portion of pipe and fitting. (Goodheart-Willcox Publisher)

59 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Installing Copper Pipe and Fittings Joining Copper Pipe and Fittings (continued) Assemble joint. Heat until lead free solder can be melted by touching pipe. Excess heating will burn away flux. Protect wood, plastic, and other material that might burn or be damaged.

60 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Installing Copper Pipe and Fittings Supporting Copper Pipe Set base of stack in concrete. Horizontal runs should be supported every 4-6. Secure vertical runs to maintain alignment.

61 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Installing Galvanized and Black Iron Pipe Fitting allowances:

62 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Installing Galvanized and Black Iron Pipe Cutting and Threading Galvanized and Black Iron Pipe Pipe Cutter Pipe Reamer (The Ridge Tool Co.)

63 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Installing Galvanized and Black Iron Pipe Cutting and Threading Galvanized and Black Iron Pipe (continued) Pipe Die and Die Stock (The Ridge Tool Co.)

64 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Installing Galvanized and Black Iron Pipe Cutting and Threading Galvanized and Black Iron Pipe (continued) Portable Threader (The Ridge Tool Co.)

65 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Installing Galvanized and Black Iron Pipe Cutting and Threading Galvanized and Black Iron Pipe (continued) Bench-Mounted Threading Machine (The Ridge Tool Co.)

66 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Installing Galvanized and Black Iron Pipe Assembling and Supporting Galvanized and Black Iron Pipe Apply pipe joint sealer or Teflon  tape. Turn fitting with pipe wrench. Install metal hangers every 6-8. (Goodheart-Willcox Publisher)

67 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Installing Cast-Iron Pipe Fitting allowances:

68 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Installing Cast-Iron Pipe Cutting Cast-Iron Pipe Compound Lever Pipe Cutter Hydraulic Pipe Cutter (The Ridge Tool Co., Wheeler Mfg. Division of Rex International USA, Inc.)

69 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Installing Cast-Iron Pipe Joining Pipe Gasket and Clamp Used for no-hub cast iron.

70 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Installing Cast-Iron Pipe Joining Pipe (continued) Compression Gasket Bell and spigot cast-iron pipe. (E.I. duPont de Nemours & Co., The Ridge Tool Co.)

71 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Joining Pipe (continued) Installing Cast-Iron Pipe Lead and Oakum Packing oakum.oakum Compacting lead. (Goodheart-Willcox Publisher)

72 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Installing Cast-Iron Pipe Joining Pipe (continued) Lead and Oakum Pour joints in horizontal pipe using a joint runner.joint runner (Goodheart-Willcox Publisher)

73 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Installing Cast-Iron Pipe Supporting Cast-Iron Pipe Set stack base in concrete. Horizontal runs at each joint. Vertical runs: Vertical pipe brackets or straps. Riser clamps at each floor level.

74 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Review Identify each of the following tools: A. B. Plastic pipe cutterCopper tube cutter (Wheeler Mfg. Division of Rex International USA, Inc.)

75 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Review Identify each of the following tools: C. D. Pipe cutter Pipe reamer (The Ridge Tool Co.)

76 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Review Identify each of the following tools: E. F. Die and die stockThreading machine (The Ridge Tool Co.)

77 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Review List the steps in joining plastic pipe and fittings. 1. Clean the end of the pipe and inside of the fitting with a rag. 2. Apply solvent cleaner to the end of the pipe and inside the fitting. 3. Apply a light coat of the correct solvent cement to the inside of the fitting. 4. Apply a heavy coat of the correct solvent cement to the outside of the pipe. 5. Immediately push the pipe completely into the fitting and give the assembly a 1/4 turn.

78 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Review List the steps in the process of soldering copper pipe and fittings. 1. Clean the inside of the fitting and the outside of the end of the pipe. 2. Apply flux to the cleaned surfaces. 3. Assemble the pipe and fitting. 4. Heat the pipe until lead-free solder melts when touched to the joint. 5. Wipe away excess solder and flux with a damp rag.

79 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Review What is the recommended spacing of supports for horizontal runs of each of the following types of pipe? Cast iron: PVC and ABS: Galvanized iron: Copper: At each joint. 3 to 4 6 to 8 4 to 6

80 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Review What steps must be completed before the DWV system can be tested? Cap stub-outs and stacks. Plug closet flanges and any other openings. Check all joints. Install supports.

81 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. End of Chapter 19

82 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Center-to-center: Method of determining pipe size in which measurements require you to know the laying length of the fitting. Face-to-face: Method of measuring pipe requiring the plumber to know the fitting allowance for the type and size of fitting being installed. Flashing: Material (often a formed metal product) that is used to prevent water from leaking into the building around the stack. ←

83 Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website. Joint runner: A rope-like tool made of fireproof material used to prevent lead from flowing out of the hub before it can harden. Laying length: The amount of a run of pipe, measured along the centerline, that is taken up by the fitting. Oakum: Loosely woven hemp rope that has been treated with oil or another water- proofing agent. Used to caulk joints in bell and spigot pipe and fittings. Shoulder-to-shoulder: Method of measuring pipe in which dimensions provide a direct reading of the actual length of pipe required. ←


Download ppt "Copyright Goodheart-Willcox Co., Inc. May not be posted to a publicly accessible website."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google