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Chapter 20 Plumbing Plans. Introduction Classifications of piping: –Industrial or residential (i.e., plumbing) Types of pipes: –Copper –Plastic –Metal.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 20 Plumbing Plans. Introduction Classifications of piping: –Industrial or residential (i.e., plumbing) Types of pipes: –Copper –Plastic –Metal."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 20 Plumbing Plans

2 Introduction Classifications of piping: –Industrial or residential (i.e., plumbing) Types of pipes: –Copper –Plastic –Metal –Steel –Cast iron

3 Introduction (cont’d.) Residential plans –Generally don’t require complete plumbing plan Need should be verified with local building code –In most cases, requirements can be provided on floor plan Symbols for fixtures Notes for specific applications or conditions

4 Plumbing Terms and Definitions Key terminology: –Cleanout –Drain –Fitting –Hose bibb –Main –Plumbing fixture, system, and wall –Potable water –Riser –Rough-in –Run –Sanitary sewer –Sewer –Soil pipe and stack

5 Terms and Definitions (cont’d.) Key terminology (cont’d.): –Stack –Storm sewer –Trap –Valve –Vanity –Vent pipe and stack –Waste pipe and stack –Water closet –Water distributing pipe –Water heater, main, and meter –Water service

6 Size of Plumbing Piping Water supply plumbing is based on: –Amount of water needed –Supply pressure –Pipe length –Number of stories to be supplied –Flow pressure needed at farthest point

7 Size of Plumbing Piping (cont’d.) Size of drainage piping is based on: –Standards established for fixture type –Average amount of waste discharged through the fixture in a given amount of time Size of vent pipes is based on: –Number of drainage fixture units that drain into waste portion of vent stack

8 Universal Plumbing Installations Design considerations: –Sinks –Water closet –Bathtubs –Showers

9 Plumbing Schedules Similar to door, window, and lighting fixture schedules –Mortgage lenders may require a complete description of materials

10 Plumbing Drawings Usually not on the same sheet as complete floor plan –Only plumbing items on floor plans are fixtures –Generally drawn separately –Floor plan is used as a base drawing –May be prepared by a drafter or in conjunction with a plumbing contractor

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12 Water Systems Water supply to a structure begins at a: –Water meter for public systems –Water storage tank for private well systems Water supply to home or business: –Known as the main line –Generally 1" plastic pipe

13 Water Systems (cont’d.) Water heaters –Placed on a platform with an overflow tray –Recommended sizes vary Hose bibbs –Faucets used to attach a hose –Outside hose bibbs require a separate valve Allows owner to turn off water to hose bibb during freezing weather

14 Drainage and Vent Systems Drainage system –Provides for distribution of solid and liquid waste to sewer line Vent system –Allows continuous airflow through the system Gases and odors can dissipate Bacteria do not have an opportunity to develop

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16 Isometric Plumbing Drawings Provide three- dimensional representation of a plumbing layout (i.e., plumbing riser diagram)

17 Automatic Fire Sprinkler Systems 2009 International Residential Code (IRC) –Section P2904 of the International Plumbing Code (IPC) Requires automatic fire sprinkler systems for all new townhouse construction Not required on additions or alterations made to existing townhomes

18 Sewage Disposal Sanitary sewer system –Underground pipes collect and transfer wastewater to treatment plants or private sewage treatment Includes domestic, business, and industry Not designed to handle storm water –Systems: Public sewers Private sewage disposal (e.g., septic tank)

19 Fire Sprinkler Systems Commonly used in commercial buildings –Becoming a consideration in residential design Sometimes required Determined by local governing agency, by square footage or location –Water plug releases water when heat reaches a certain temperature Several advantages

20 Metrics in Plumbing Pipe is made of a wide variety of materials –Identified by trade names –Nominal sizes related loosely to actual dimensions Metric values established by International Organization for Standardization –Relate nominal pipe sizes in inches to metric equivalents (i.e., diameter nominal)

21 Adding Plumbing Information to the Floor Plan Residential floor plan drawings plumbing symbols and notes –May be placed with all other floor plan content Aid in reading and understanding Notes are generally minimal –Can also be placed on a separate drawing

22 Commercial Plumbing Drawings In most cases, are an individual component of the complete set of plans –Architect or mechanical engineer prepares plumbing drawings over base floor plan Keeps drawing clear of unwanted information Makes it easier for the plumbing contractor to read the print

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25 Plumbing Plan Drawing Checklist Refer to the text for a plumbing plan drawing checklist –Check off items as you work on the plumbing plan Ensures all of necessary items are included


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