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DO NOW: 1)Find your matching homophone partner(s), and sit at any table with your partner(s) that has room for both of you to sit. 2)Copy down your HW.,

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Presentation on theme: "DO NOW: 1)Find your matching homophone partner(s), and sit at any table with your partner(s) that has room for both of you to sit. 2)Copy down your HW.,"— Presentation transcript:

1 DO NOW: 1)Find your matching homophone partner(s), and sit at any table with your partner(s) that has room for both of you to sit. 2)Copy down your HW., & take a Do Now from the middle of your table. 3)In the grammar section of your binder, make a triangle section and label it “Sentence Structure.” 4)Using your Do Now, answer questions #1 – 5 INDPENDENTLY! Put this handout in the grammar section of your binder. **Do not re-write each sentence. Day One January 8, 2014

2 Learning Goals: Critically take Cornell notes and participate in class discussion during an overview of Types of Sentences (fragments vs. simple sentences & clauses). Classify a sentence as a group based on its subject and verb to determine whether it is a fragment or simple sentence.

3 CORNELL NOTES PAGE Take a Cornell notes page from the middle of your table. What does sentence structure matter to a reader or writer?

4 TYPES OF SENTENCES:

5 SUBJECTS & VERBS -In order to fully understand the difference between a fragment and a simple sentence, we need to review what constitutes a SUBJECT and a VERB.

6 SUBJECTS A subject of a sentence is a: NOUN - person, place, thing, or idea PRONOUN – non-specific word that replaces a noun The subject is who or what does the verb Mrs. Stoller assigns us homework. She assigns us homework.

7 VERBS -The action that is being performed by the subject. STRONG VERBS – tells what the subject is doing LINKING/HELPING VERBS – what we know as “weak” verbs (is, are, were) Linking verbs connect the subject to something that is said about the subject. Linking verbs Helping verbs help the verb do its job. Helping verbs Ex: Ron's bathroom is a disaster.

8 NOUNPRONOUN STRONG VERBLINKING/HELPING VERB

9 FRAGMENTS A fragment is formed when:  a subject is missing  a verb is missing  a complete thought is not expressed

10 SIMPLE SENTENCE has one subject-verb pair and expresses a complete thought Mrs. Stoller is teaching us how to vary our sentence structure.

11 IN SUMMARY SECTION OF NOTES –  Create your own sentence fragment and give a reason why it is incomplete.  Create your own simple sentence. Label the subject-verb pair. SYNTHESIZE:

12 How well do you GET IT? 5 I can teach it. 4 I understand and can apply it. 3 I think I understand it. 2 I’m not so sure I understand it. 1 I’ve got no idea, but I’m listening.

13 On your Cornell Notes page, follow the directions below for each line. She went to the concert Since she went to the concert 1)Label the subject (S) and verb (V) in each line. 2)Are both complete sentences? Explain why or why not. 3)Put these in the grammar section of your binder after last night’s homework. SV SV Day Two Do Now

14 Review of homework Take out last night’s homework and a green or red pen. From now on, you should have a green pen with you at all times! Check your work against the answer key. Put a question mark by any questions you got incorrect and don’t understand why you got them incorrect. I will answer ALL questions after we go over all of the homework! I provided answers for all of the questions even though you just needed to complete the odds. I did this in case you decided to do extra work – NOT for you to copy the answers!

15 Learning Goals: Critically take Cornell notes and participate in class discussion during an overview of Types of Sentences (two types of clauses). Classify an independent and dependent clause. Classify compound subjects, compound predicates, and compound subjects and predicates.

16 CORNELL NOTES PAGE Take a Cornell notes page from the middle of your table. What does sentence structure matter to a reader or writer?

17 TYPES OF SENTENCES:

18 What is a CLAUSE? A clause is a group of words with its own subject and verb. *The subject is performing the verb Ex> Joe ran home. SV

19 Two Kinds of Clauses An independent clause is a subject/verb group that forms a complete sentence. A dependent (or subordinate) clause is a subject/verb group that depends on more [an independent clause] to make it a complete sentence.

20 The Sentence Tree CLAUSE a group of words with its own subject and verb INDEPENDENT CLAUSEDEPENDENT CLAUSE SIMPLE SENTENCE FRAGMENT when it stands alone

21 Sally eats breakfast with her mom. SV 1 SIMPLE SENTENCE! 1 – independent clause

22 -when more than one noun or pronoun forms the subject and is linked to the SAME verb COMPOUND SUBJECTS 1) Jack and Jill fell down. 2) History and math are my favorite subjects. 3) Kayla and her mom shopped all day. 4) Inspire, Alpha, and Quest will compete.

23 -when more than one verb is linked to the SAME subject COMPOUND PREDICATE 1) Jack fell down and broke his leg. 2) History informs and helps us. 3) Kayla shopped and then slept today. 4) The middle school teams will race, compete, and cheer.

24 - when more than one noun or pronoun is linked to more than one verb COMPOUND SUBJECT & PREDICATE 1) Jack and Jill fell down and broke their legs. 2) Math and history inform and help us. 3) Kayla and her mom shopped and then slept today. 4) Alpha, Inspire, and Quest will race, compete, and cheer.

25 Sally and Jen cook dinner and play with dolls. Sally and Jen cook dinner and play with dolls. SSVV S 1 1 – independent clause SIMPLE SENTENCE!

26 IN SUMMARY SECTION OF NOTES, write a sentence with: A single subject and single predicate A compound subject A compound predicate CHALLENGE: compound subject and compound predicate LABEL the subjects and verbs SYNTHESIZE:

27 How well do you GET IT? 5 I can teach it. 4 I understand and can apply it. 3 I think I understand it. 2 I’m not so sure I understand it. 1 I’ve got no idea, but I’m listening.

28 DO NOW: 1)Copy down HW. 2)Complete the Do Now from your table to practice identifying clauses. independent clause, dependent clause, not a clause, fragment Do Now CHECK: Check the answers on your homework with the answers on the white board on the next slide How did you do? Rate yourself (1 – 5) Day Three

29 1. 1. the singer was terrific 2. 2.the guitar player 3. 3.even though we liked the music 4. 4.when the curtain closed 5. 5.in the middle of the song 6. 6.played for hours 7. 7.the crowd clapped for an encore 8. 8.because the band played and performed so well Independent clause Fragment Dependent clause Fragment Not a clause Independent clause

30 Learning Goals: Critically take Cornell notes and participate in class discussion during an overview of Types of Sentences (complex sentences – adverb clauses). Work as a group to match a dependent or independent clause with another to form a properly punctuated complex sentence.

31 NOT A CLAUSEDEPENDENT CLAUSE INDEPENDENT CLAUSE MORE THAN ONE CLAUSE

32 CORNELL NOTES PAGE Take a Cornell notes page from the middle of your table. What does sentence structure matter to a reader or writer?

33 TYPES OF SENTENCES:

34 NUMBER of clauses KINDS of clauses Classifying Sentences

35 Two Types of Clauses Adverb Clauses: –A subordinate clause that modifies a verb, an adjective, or an adverb –A subordinating conjunction always introduces the adverb clause. –Where will I see the subordinating conjunction? At the beginning when an adverb clause begins the sentence. In the middle, connecting the independent clause to the subordinate clause.

36 A.K.A. RED FLAG WORDS BEGIN a dependent clause Subordinating Conjunctions WHENEVER AFTER DURING WHILE BECAUSE IF WHEN SINCE ALTHOUGH EVEN THOUGH UNTIL UNLESS BEFORE THOUGH And on and on…

37 COMPLEX SENTENCE While Naomi reads, Seth distracts While Naomi reads, Seth distractsher. S V S V 2 1 – dependent clause 1 – independent clause composed of ONE dependent clause and ONE independent clause

38 What if we reverse the clauses? Katie dances w hile Marcia texts. S V S V 2 1 – dependent clause 1 – independent clause COMPLEX SENTENCE!

39 IN SUMMARY SECTION OF NOTES, write complex sentences with: An adverb clause and an independent clause where the adverb clause comes first. An adverb clause and an independent clause where the adverb clause comes first. An independent clause and an adverb clause where the independent clause comes first. An independent clause and an adverb clause where the independent clause comes first. LABEL the subjects and verbs LABEL the subjects and verbs WATCH YOUR COMMA PLACEMENT! SYNTHESIZE:

40 How well do you GET IT? 5 I can teach it. 4 I understand and can apply it. 3 I think I understand it. 2 I’m not so sure I understand it. 1 I’ve got no idea, but I’m listening.

41 Quiz Time Copy your homework, and start your quiz as soon as you finish copying your h.w. When you are done with your quiz, hand it into me and fill-in the heading on your Cornell Notes page. DO NOW: Day Four

42 Homework check Take out Friday’s homework – [20.2 – Adverb Clauses] and a green pen Check your homework and put a ? Mark next to anything you don’t understand! Day Four

43 CORNELL NOTES PAGE What does sentence structure matter to a reader or writer? Day Four

44 Learning Goals: Critically take Cornell notes and participate in class discussion during an overview of Types of Sentences (complex sentences – adjective clauses). Work as a group to match a dependent or independent clause with another to form a properly punctuated complex sentence.

45 Second Type of Clause Adjective Clauses: –A subordinate clause that modifies a noun or pronoun –MOST adjective clauses begin with the words: ThatWhichWhoWhomWhose –Sometimes they begin with an adverb, such as since, where, or when A.K.A. RED FLAG WORDS

46 COMPLEX SENTENCE The man who robbed the bank The man who robbed the bank was caught today. S V S V 2 1 – dependent clause 1 – independent clause composed of ONE dependent clause and ONE independent clause

47 COMPLEX SENTENCE Sam Spider, who robbed the bank, was caught today. S V S V 2 1 – dependent clause 1 – independent clause composed of ONE dependent clause and ONE independent clause

48 COMPLEX SENTENCE By pushing the pedal that is connected to the drum, you will make a sound. By pushing the pedal that is connected to the drum, you will make a sound. S V S V 2 1 – dependent clause 1 – independent clause composed of ONE dependent clause and ONE independent clause

49 IN SUMMARY SECTION OF NOTES, write a complex sentence with: An adjective clause that is essential to the sentence An adjective clause that is not essential to the sentence LABEL the subjects and verbs WATCH YOUR COMMA PLACEMENT! SYNTHESIZE:

50 How well do you GET IT? 5 I can teach it. 4 I understand and can apply it. 3 I think I understand it. 2 I’m not so sure I understand it. 1 I’ve got no idea, but I’m listening.

51 DO NOW: 1)Copy down HW. 2)Go to the back table, and pick up 5 pieces of paper. Write DAY 5 on each one! 3)Take a Do Now from your table and start it. Label your subjects and verbs! 4)Be prepared to take Cornell Notes for “Types Of Sentences: Compound Sentences.” Day Five

52 Homework Review: Take out a green pen and your homework from last night – 20.2 – Adjective Clauses. Check your answers How did you do?

53 Learning Goals: Critically take Cornell notes and participate in class discussion during an overview of Types of Sentences (compound sentences). Work as a group to write two simple sentences and link them with proper punctuation.

54 1. Team Inspire has the best seventh grade teachers simple = independent clause 2. Because Mr. Sidler coaches and teaches he is a busy man complex - adverb and independent clause 3. Mr. Parnell does not like to eat a lot of chocolate since he likes to keep fit complex – adverb and independent clause 4. Mrs. Heyl is an active runner when she is not teaching her favorite subject complex – adverb and independent clause 5. At the start of every year not a clause

55   While the student council officers organize school events dependent clause   Mrs. Markwell’s speech fragment   Senora Siniscalchi and the French teacher share a room and speak two languages simple – compound subject and predicate   Mr. Bartalone trained to be a volunteer fire fighter simple   Mrs. Stoller loves to play with her grandchildren because they don’t talk back yet complex – adverb and independent clause

56 TYPES OF SENTENCES: DEFINITION 2 independent clauses **must be joined together (2 ways)

57 COMPOUND SENTENCES: Two ways to join independent clauses: 1) COMMA + CONJUNCTION (,FANBOYS) 2) SEMICOLON (;) Sally cooks dinner, and Jen plays with dolls. Sally cooks dinner, and Jen plays with dolls. Sally cooks dinner; Jen plays with dolls. Sally cooks dinner; Jen plays with dolls., and, n, n *A conjunction is NOT part of the clause.

58 But what if…? It started to snow, so the wrestling It started to snow, so the wrestling match was cancelled. match was cancelled. SV S V 2 2 – independent clauses COMPOUND SENTENCE!

59 But what if…? It started to snow; the wrestling It started to snow; the wrestling match was cancelled. match was cancelled. SV S V 2 2 – independent clauses COMPOUND SENTENCE!

60 IN SUMMARY SECTION OF NOTES, write a sentence with: Two independent clauses joined together by a comma and FANBOYS word Two independent clauses joined together by a semi-colon [;] LABEL the subjects and verbs SYNTHESIZE:

61 How well do you GET IT? 5 I can teach it. 4 I understand and can apply it. 3 I think I understand it. 2 I’m not so sure I understand it. 1 I’ve got no idea, but I’m listening.

62 DO NOW: 1)Copy down HW. 2)Take a Do Now, “Identifying Sentence Structure.” from the middle of your table and complete; this will go in the grammar section of your binder. 3)Identify each sentence on the Do Now as either simple, compound, or complex. Put the handout in your binder. Day Six

63 Learning Goals: Critically take Cornell notes and participate in class discussion during an overview of Types of Sentences.

64 Practice: 1)Label the “S” and “V” in each sentence on your Cornell Notes Page. 2)Determine the clauses and kinds to classify the type of sentence.  While mom and dad were not looking, Erik was mean to Paul.  Erik, while mom and dad weren’t looking, was mean to Paul.  Erik was mean to Paul.  Erik was mean to Paul, and mom and dad were oblivious to what was happening.

65 1) Label every “S” and “V” in the sentence. (*Hint: Label subjects first! What is V?) 2)Write the number of clauses (next to the sentence). 3)Draw a solid line under independent clauses. 4)Draw a broken line under dependent clauses. 5)Draw a square around your coordinating conjunction and a circle around your subordinating conjunction. 6)Check to make sure each clause is underlined in some way. Follow these Easy Classifying Steps:

66 Types of Sentences: Independent Clauses Dependent Clauses SIMPLE COMPOUND COMPLEX11 COMPOUND- COMPLEX 21

67 When it started to snow, the wrestling match was cancelled, and the coach was not very happy. Compound – Complex example: SV S VS V 3, and 1 – dependent clause 2 – independent clause COMPOUND-COMPLEX SENTENCE!

68 TO REVIEW: # and types of clauses Independent Clauses Dependent Clauses SIMPLE COMPOUND COMPLEX11 COMPOUND- COMPLEX 21

69 IN SUMMARY SECTION OF NOTES, write a compound-complex sentence. LABEL the subjects and verbs Follow the classifying steps to make sure you wrote the sentence correctly! SYNTHESIZE:

70 Homework Review: Take out a green pen and your homework from last night – Conjunctions and Semi-colons Check your answers How did you do?

71 How well do you GET IT? 5 I can teach it. 4 I understand and can apply it. 3 I think I understand it. 2 I’m not so sure I understand it. 1 I’ve got no idea, but I’m listening.

72 DO NOW: 1)Take a Do Now from the middle of your table and complete the evens only. 2)Take out a green pen, and be prepared to check your work. How ready are you for the test next Thursday? Rate yourself on a scale 1 – 5. Day Seven

73

74

75 Learning Goals: The learners will demonstrate ability to: classify types of sentences in a team review game

76 Before you can run on your own

77 Erik was mean to Paul. # of clauses: _______ # of independent: ____# of dependent: ______ TYPE OF SENTENCE: __________________________ Simple Sentence

78 While mom and dad weren’t looking, Erik was mean to Paul. # of clauses: ____ # of independent: ______# of dependent: _____ TYPE OF SENTENCE: ______________________ Complex Sentence 2 1 1

79 Erik, while mom and dad weren’t looking, was mean to Paul. # of clauses: _____ # of independent: _____# of dependent: _____ TYPE OF SENTENCE: ______________________ Complex Sentence 2 11

80 Erik was mean to Paul while mom and dad weren’t looking. # of clauses: _____ # of independent: _____# of dependent: _____ TYPE OF SENTENCE: _______________________ 11 2 Complex Sentence

81 Erik was mean to Paul, and mom and dad were oblivious to what was happening. # of clauses: _____ # of independent: _____# of dependent: _____ TYPE OF SENTENCE: ______________________ 2 20 Compound Sentence

82 APPOSITIVES An appositive is a noun or noun phrase that renames another noun right beside it. The appositive can be a short or long combination of words. noun phrasenoun phrase Ex> Mrs. Stoller, my language arts teacher, is crazy about types of sentences. Ex> I like to watch the New York Mets, a baseball team.

83 You Finished the Race!

84 Station Practice Activity Get ready to compete! Who can get the MOST points?

85 Sentence Structure Challenge RULES 1. 1.You must have AT LEAST one sentence for each sentence structure! 2. 2.ALL sentence MUST BE punctuated correctly and end with a correct punctuation mark! 3. 3.Underline ALL words used from the envelope You MUST use AT LEAST two words from the envelope. WINNING TABLE = GETS TO CHOOSE FROM CANDY BAR SELECTION

86 How well do you GET IT? 5 I can teach it. 4 I understand and can apply it. 3 I think I understand it. 2 I’m not so sure I understand it. 1 I’ve got no idea, but I’m listening.

87 Homework Review: Take out a green pen and your homework from last night – Appositives in Phrases Check your answers How did you do? FRIDAY, 1/17/14

88 Station Practice Activity Get ready to compete! Set – up your tiles and clear your desks! Who can get the MOST points?

89 Sentence Structure Challenge RULES 1. 1.You must have AT LEAST one sentence for each sentence structure! 2. 2.ALL sentence MUST BE punctuated correctly and end with a correct punctuation mark! 3. 3.Underline ALL words used from the envelope You MUST use AT LEAST two words from the envelope. WINNING TABLE = GETS TO CHOOSE FROM CANDY BAR SELECTION

90 DO NOW: 1)Take a Cornell Notes page from the middle of your table and complete the section on appositives. 2)Check your work on the proxima. How did you do? 3)Get ready to take Cornell notes on when to use commas in a series and with equal adjectives, prepositions, and misplaced modifiers. Day Eight

91 Learning Goals: The learners will demonstrate ability to: Recognize and apply commas in a series and in between adjectives Recognize prepositions and prepositional phrases Recognize misplaced modifiers and be able to apply your knowledge to fix them

92 COMMAS in a series Use commas to separate items in a series or list. Separating the items with commas makes your meaning clear to the readers. Ex> Begin by gathering your tools, reviewing the recipe, and preheating the oven. Ex> Add the sugar, baking soda, baking powder, and salt.

93 COMMAS between adjectives Use commas to separate adjectives of equal rank. –FIRST - If the word “and” can be placed between the adjectives without changing the meaning of the sentence, then the adjectives are of equal rank. –SECOND - If the order of the adjectives can be changes, then they are of equal rank. Ex> You have made a simple, polite request. DO NOT use commas to separate adjectives that must stay in a specific order. Ex> I read descriptions of several ancient temples in my guidebook.

94 PREPOSITIONS Prepositions show relationships between things, function as connectors, and express the link between separate items, such as their relative location or direction. FIFTY COMMON PREPOSITIONS AboutBehindDuringOffTo AboveBelowExceptOnToward AcrossBeneathForOntoUnder AfterBesideFromOppositeUnderneath AgainstBesidesInOutUntil AlongBetweenInsideOutsideUp AmongBeyondIntoOverUpon AroundButLikePastWithin AtByNearSinceWithin BeforeDownOfThroughWithout

95 PREPOSITIONAL PHRASES A preposition in a sentence always introduces a prepositional phrase. A group of words that begins with a preposition and ends with a noun or pronoun. –The noun or pronoun following the preposition is the object of the preposition. Ex> from the solar system in place of the old, broken antenna What is the prepositional phrase in this sentence? The telescope is on the roof.

96 Correcting Misplaced Modifiers If a phrase or clause acting as an adjective or adverb is not placed near the word it modifies, the meaning of the sentence may be unclear. A modifier should be placed as close as possible to the word it modifies (describes). MISPLACED MODIFIER: -We rented a boat at the lake with an outboard motor. [The misplaced phrase ‘with an outboard motor’ makes it seem as though the lake has an outboard motor.] [The misplaced phrase ‘with an outboard motor’ makes it seem as though the lake has an outboard motor.] CORRECTED SENTENCE: -At the lake, we rented a boat with an outboard motor.

97 IN SUMMARY SECTION OF NOTES, write a:  Sentence that contains a prepositional phrase. Circle the preposition and underline the prepositional phrase.  Fix the misplaced modifier in this sentence. Rewrite it correctly:  Built of stone, kings were buried in pyramids during the early dynastic period of Egypt. SYNTHESIZE:

98 How well do you GET IT? 5 I can teach it. 4 I understand and can apply it. 3 I think I understand it. 2 I’m not so sure I understand it. 1 I’ve got no idea, but I’m listening.


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