6Writing ConventionsConventions are agreed upon rules, so writing conventions are all the writing rules… If you do not follow them, you can not communicate in writing with everyone else who is following the rules.
7Flap 2: Grammar: Parts of Speech A word is a “part of speech” only when it is used in a sentence. The function the word serves in a sentence is what makes it whatever part of speech it is.For example, the word “run” can be used as more than one part of speech: Sammy hit a home run.(run is a noun, direct object of hit) You mustn’t run near the swimming pool.(run is a verb, part of the verb phrase must (not) run)
8Flap 2: Grammar: Parts of Speech 1. NOUN – Nouns are naming words. We can’t talk about anything until we have given it a name. (person, place, thing, or idea) 2. PRONOUN – A pronoun is a word that stands for a noun. (he, she, it) 3.VERBS – The verb is the motor that runs the sentence. A verb enables us to say something about a noun. (action word)
9Flap 2: Grammar: Parts of Speech 4. ADJECTIVE – An adjective is a word that describes a noun.5. ADVERB – An adverb adds meaning to a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.6. PREPOSITION – a preposition is a word that comes in front of a noun or a pronoun and shows a connection between that noun or pronoun and some other word in the sentence. (above, beyond, after)
10Flap 2: Grammar: Parts of Speech 7. CONJUNCTION – a conjunction joins words and groups of words. (and, but, nor) 8. INTERJECTION — An interjection is a word or phrase thrown into a sentence to express an emotion, for example, Homer Simpson’s “Doh!”
11Writing Conventions: Flip Book Flap 3: Grammar: Sentences, Clauses, and Phrases
12Sentences are made of two parts: the subject and the predicate. Flap 3: Grammar: SentencesSentences are made of two parts: the subject and the predicate.subject - person or thing that acts or is described in the sentence.predicate-that action or description.Example:subjectAfter lunch, Sally will go over to her friend’s house to play predicate
13Flap 3: Grammar: Clauses independent clauses - act as complete sentencessubordinate clauses - cannot stand alone and need another clause to complete their meaning.For example:subordinateAfter lunch, Sally will go over to her friend’s house to play. independent
14Flap 3: Grammar: Phrases phrase - a group of two or more grammatically linked words that do not have subject and predicate. Example of a phrase: to her friend’s house After lunch, Sally will go over to her friend’s house to play.
16Writing Conventions: Flip Book Flap 4: Spelling/ Punctuation
17There several ways to spell incorrectly: Flap 4: Spelling:There several ways to spell incorrectly:Incorrectly Repeated Consonants such as a doubling of the first t in commitment or of the r in harass.2. Wrong Vowel definately dependant, privelege, rediculous and seperate.(The correct spellings are definitely, dependent, privilege, ridiculous, and separate.)
18Flap 4: Spelling: 3. Wrong Consonant This type of error is less common than those of the vowel variety, like consensus (in which the first s is replaced with a c). 4. Reversed Order of Double Vowels Many words with two consecutive vowels, especially those with a pairing of e and i, look odd no matter which order the vowels appear in.These words are all spelled correctly: gauge, niece, pharaoh, receive, weird.
19Flap 4: Spelling:5. Extra Letters 6. Missing Letters7. Confusion with a Similar Word The most common type of misspelling, perhaps, is that in which the wrong word in a duo or trio is employed, such as forward in place of foreword or site instead of cite.
20Flap 4: Punctuation:Common Punctuation you should know-A sentence should contain a completethought. Once you finish your thought, youcan finish your sentence, usually with aperiod.If you want to strongly emphasize asentence, either because it’s emphatic orhumorous, you may sparingly use aexclamation point!
21Flap 4: Punctuation:Quotation marks are used mainly to quote speech, sentences or words.Other punctuations marks you should know:CommasHyphensSemi-colonsColons
22Now, you should have the back of the flip book left to write your Essential Question and Summary…
23Your Back Flap should look like this: Essential Question: What are writing conventions in standard English ?Why is it important to understand and use these conventions in my writing?Summary: Writing Conventions are all the rules teachers have been teaching us since we started to write. This should be several sentences long.